Black History Month

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>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>MUST READ!<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

This is a slide show, lasting around 20-25 minutes if gone through continuously. Contains things about Nelson Mandela and his part in the South African Apartheid, Carter G. Woodson (founder of Black History Month) and Martin Luther King Jr. and how he helped the USA earn equality in the country. The clip for the I have a Dream speech will be at the bottom of this description.
Best for RE lessons, but can also be helpful in History Lessons. Furthermore, it can be used as a basis of biography writing in English. But can be used freely!
To play the speech, you'll have to go to the very start of the presentation, turn up the volume and press the play button at the bar where the left and right controls are. Listen, keep listening. And I'm sorry about this whole thing. I'll remove it soon and put in a hyperlink leading to another presentation, I promise this one will have the words. But for now, you'll have to stick with this. Sorry!

Thanks anyway!

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Black History Month

  1. 1. When justice prevails. Where respect is given when due. Where we are known as equals.Where everyone turns towards one another.When we see the true beauty of everyone.
  2. 2. Me, You and Everybody Else We are a community. But could you imagine us not being one? A place where the black and white is horribly contrasting. Where you and me can’t make any sort of communication? Well, lots of people know what that feels like; to have to turn your back to the person you’re great friends with, and they did something about it.
  3. 3. Carter G. WoodsonWoodson is the son of James and Eliza Woodson –who were once enslaved Africans.He studied at Howard University for a while butsoon left because of president’s opinions. After heleft, he dedicated his life to preserving the historyof African-Americans.He said, “African-Americans areoverlooked, ignored and even suppressed bywriters of history books and the teachers whoused them.” Racism and prejudice, he concludedas, “merely the logical result of tradition, theobvious outcome of the instruction to ignore the‘Negro’ race and make people believe thatAfricans played no part in the progress ofmankind.Then he founded Black History Month in 1926, tohelp everyone remember the history of African-Americans.
  4. 4. South Africa – Part 1 A long time ago, South Africa was a place of apartheid. This is complete separation of races, the blacks and whites couldn’t share bathrooms and definitely weren’t even allowed to make any communications between them. Black people had to make way for the white citizens if they got on the bus; they had to go to the back of the bus, where all the seats were the most uncomfortable. During that time, even though the white citizens were dominant over South Africa only 16% of the population was of them – whilst 71% of the population was of Africans. The rest of the population was either coloured (a mixture of two races or more) or Asian. The white were dominant over everything; they decided where people lived, where they worked, where they were educated and the rules of a community. They made apartheid part of the law! It’s saying you’re not wanted in the world!
  5. 5. South Africa – Part 2The British went to war with the Afrikaners and also the Zulus and it wasn’t long before theydefeated both armies in 1910. They declared South Africa as an independent country and took overthe land. Apartheid was a system created by the British-South African Government who wanted toseparate all the different ‘colour groups’ and keep the wealth and land to the white.Blacks were not allowed to vote, were kept in low-paid jobs, put in poor schools, had to carryidentification and had separate schools, restaurants, hospitals and even toilets to the whites.There had been many protests and fighting against apartheid and though many people wereseriously injured or died, they continued to defeat apartheid with their raging spirit alone.It was a horrible sight to see and everything in South Africa was used by the apartheid system.
  6. 6. South Africa – Part 3The ANC (African National Congress) was led byNelson Mandela – who managed to allowBlack, Coloured and Asians to vote in SouthAfrica, in 1960.The ANC was then made an outlaworganisation, and Nelson Mandela was jailed in1963 for sabotage on Robben Island. An isolatedprison where you are sentenced only if you havedone something very serious, and very wrong.Nelson Mandela then spent his next 28 years inprison for his ‘crime’.Mandela was released from jail in 1990, F.W. deKlerk made an end to apartheid after pressure fromother countries and protests from the black citizens.In 1993, Mandela won the Nobel Peace Prize for hiscourage and leadership. Nelson Mandela was soonelected South African president in 1994 and heretired in 1999.South Africa was relieved, but not immediately; ittook a long time to restore peace between theraces. Now, South Africa is a land of equality andpeace.
  7. 7. Martin Luther King Jr.– Part 1Martin Luther King was born on 15th January 1929 and named after his father,originally his name was Michael but it was soon changed. His father was aBaptist minister and his mother a school teacher.King lived in the United States of America, but in that time America was not aplace of equality. Martin Luther King first experienced his taste of thisseparation when he went to a shoe shop and was asked to go to the back ofthe shop because they were black. It was very unfair, and when he grew up hedecided to do something about it.He took his education in Morehouse College in 1944 and soon became thepastor of a church in the south USA (where the separation was more intense)It was when Rosa Parks, a seamstress, was exhausted with her days work,took a bus and rode home. But in America, black people were expected togive up their seats to the white people, it was the law; Rosa, on the otherhand, refused.
  8. 8. Martin Luther King Jr.– Part 2Rosa Parks was arrested and fined £10, which is a massive amount of moneyfor a poor woman like her who earned very little for being a seamstress.Since Martin Luther King was willing to help Rosa Parks gain her justice fromthe incident he decided to set up a boycott, which is now known as theMontgomery Bus Boycott. This was where all the African-Americans refusedto use the bus and either walked or used a car (if they had the privilege ofhaving one). The boycott lasted for 382 days, and eventually the buscompany started running out of money and made an enquiry to theGovernment that they make a change in the law. This was successful, and sowas Martin Luther King’s boycott plan.Martin Luther King was also very active in the SCLC (Southern ChristianLeadership Conference) and helped form the orders for demonstrationsagainst the separation.
  9. 9. Martin Luther King Jr.– Part 3In 1963, Martin Luther King led huge demonstrations againstdiscrimination practices in Birmingham, Alabama – where the whitepopulation were treating the black population with violence. The citywas nicknamed ‘Bombingham’ as the attacks from the civil rightsprotesters increased as King was arrested for his leadership in theSCLC.Martin Luther King believed that matters such as this should be dealtin a non-violent manner, peacefully as Ghandi had done for theindependence of India. So after his release, he took part in thepeaceful protest in Washington in August 1963, this is where hedelivered his famous ‘I have a Dream’ speech to national television.Let’s listen to that speech. It’s the shorter version of it, but it’ll give youa very good idea of his importance in the American.
  10. 10. A part of ‘I Have a Dream’I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out thetrue meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident:that all men are created equal."I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons offormer slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sitdown together at the table of brotherhood.I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nationwhere they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by thecontent of their character.I have a dream today!I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hilland mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be madeplain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory ofthe Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.
  11. 11. Martin Luther King Jr. – Part 3I hope you liked thebackground music I added in!The demonstration wassuccessful and the law waschanged.However, Martin Luther King Jr.was assassinated by James EarlRay at around 6pm on the 4thApril 1968. Though his life hascome and gone, his legacycontinues to inspire the world.
  12. 12. This is here to tell you, that you don’t have to befamous to make a difference. You don’t have tobe the smartest, fastest, healthiest, richest,funniest or most respected person in your form,your school or the world. You have to beyourself. Because you are beautiful in your ownway, you’ll make a difference just like that.Because we don’t need to fight over pettythings, we only need each other to join togetherto make a beautiful world. A world of equality,of peace, of joy.Join us as we celebrate Black History Month!

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