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DSD-SEA 2018 Setting up a Smart Flood Response System - Che Hao, Tsung Hsu

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Presentation by Mr. Kevin Che-hao Chang and Chih-tsung Hsu (National Taipei University of Technology) at the Seminar Cutting Edge Hydro Software for South-East Asia, during the Deltares Software Days South-East Asia 2018. Thursday, 6 September 2018, Yogyakarta.

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DSD-SEA 2018 Setting up a Smart Flood Response System - Che Hao, Tsung Hsu

  1. 1. Big Data Cloud Water Monitoring On SiteForcasting Information & Communication Cloud Platform Flood Potential Map Flood Nowcasting Information System Realtime Correction for Water Level & Flood Zone Water level based Searching Precipitation based Searching Emergence Response Staff Public Precipitation From Observation and Forecast BigData Framework Rainfall Generator Model Base Multi-Model Emergence Response Center Decision Support IoT Sensor A.I. HPC Smart Flood Response System LPWAN/3,4G
  2. 2. 3 Rain Gauges Flood Sensors Pumping Stations Application Network Sensing(Physical) Early Warning and Decision Support Cloud Services Water Level Gauges 3G/4G LPWAN Microwave Mobile Pumps Smart Floodproofing 3 Fiber Obtics
  3. 3. By new Technologies, It’s an Opportunity, but also a Challenge to achieve SMART. IoT Sensing Low energy consumption Massively distributed Multiple Communication Channels Backup system Monitoring+ Model Reliable estimation of flood exposure Cloud Service Big data Numerous clients Flood Nowcasting Decision support Early Depolyment ActionInformation Integration Response
  4. 4. Multiple Communication Channels Microwave + LoRa Fiber optics + LoRa NB-IoT/3G/4G Monitoring • Water Level Gauges • Rain Gauges • Flood Gauges Mitigation • Pumping Stations • Mobile Pumps IO control communication Public Network …………….. …………….. Hydro Information Resources management High speed cloud Disaster Prevation Center 1 2 3 Private Network
  5. 5. Water Monitoring 6 Equipment Numbers Rain Gauges (total) 66 Water Level Gauges (rivers) 33 Water Level Gauges (drainages) 73 Reservoirs 7 Pumping Stations 53 Mobile Pumps 361 CCTV 167 Flood Warning 37 Mobile Pumps Flood Warning Water Level Gauges Pumping Stations CCTV
  6. 6. Equipment Numbers Within LoRa Rain Gauges (drainages) 22 12 Water Level Gauges (drainages) 73 40 Mobile Pumps 361 212 Flood Sensors 70 70 • Current Data Links: 3G/4G、GSN VPN • Swith to LoRa as Main Data Links : 11 relay stations in 2017 • NBIoT as a supporting system LoRa Coverage
  7. 7. 8 Communication Reliability Data Retrive Low Power Consumption No Communication Cost Self Support Power Supply Two Way Control Public (3G/4G/NB-IoT) ○ ○ ○ Private (LoRa/SigFox) ○ ○ ○ Interoperable public and private networks Sensors Communication Plan High Volume data communication Outside LoRa RangeWithin LoRa Range Low Volume data communication Main : LoRa Backup: NB-IoT Main : NB-IoT Backup : - Main : 3G/4G Backup : LoRa Main : 3G/4G Backup : -
  8. 8. 三崁店 Microwave + LoRa Relay 北安 Microwave + LoRa Relay 鯤鯓 Microwave + LoRa Relay 鹿耳門 Microwave NB-IoT/3G/4G 基地台 Sensors (Within LoRa Range) 安污Control Center Sensors (Outside LoRa Range)
  9. 9. 三崁店 Microwave + LoRa Relay 北安 Microwave + LoRa Relay 鯤鯓 Microwave + LoRa Relay 鹿耳門 Microwave NB-IoT/3G/4G 基地台 Sensors (Within LoRa Range) 安污Control Center Sensors (Outside LoRa Range)
  10. 10. 三崁店 Microwave + LoRa Relay 北安 Microwave + LoRa Relay 鯤鯓 Microwave + LoRa Relay 鹿耳門 Microwave NB-IoT/3G/4G 基地台 Sensors (Within LoRa Range) 安污Control Center Sensors (Outside LoRa Range) Only Channel
  11. 11. Integration of Monitoring & Simulaiton in Realtime • 2017/07/31 • 2016/06/11
  12. 12. IoT Sensors Realtime Flood Depth (points) Flood Simulation Flood Range(polygons) Real-time Correction
  13. 13. IoT Sensors Realtime Flood Depth (points) Flood Simulation Flood Range(polygons) Real-time Correction
  14. 14. Nowcast by Model 0 hr 1 hr 2 hr Present Time Nowcasting+1hr Nowcasting+2hrFloodSimulation Recognized with CCTV Detected by Flood Sensors Observation Reported Flood Fast Aware
  15. 15. Flood Reported Public Notified Action & Response Emergence Staff Aware Self Supporting
  16. 16. Flood Reported Public Notified Action & Response EmergenceStaff Aware Self Supporting
  17. 17. Flood Reported Public Notified Action & Response EmergenceStaff Aware Self Supporting Flood Nowcasting Public Notified Action & Response Emergence Staff Aware Self Supporting Forecast Precipitation Early Depolyment
  18. 18. GSN VPN Microwave LPWAN/3,4G Cloud Service FloodSensors Messages Push through APP on Smart Phones Self Support Community Early Warning Response In Advance
  19. 19. Year Members Joined 2012 7 2013 14 2015 7 2016 3 Self Support Communities 15 Disaster Resistant Community Effective Flood Response Evacuation Smart Land Use Management 1.Forecast & Nowcast Capabilities 2.Warning & Action Levels of Rain 3.Flood Potential and Vulnerable Maps 4.Evacuation Routes Planning 5.Self Support Communities and Volunteers 6.Education & Training Program Enhance Emergency Response Plan
  20. 20. Traffic Closures Announced to Smart Phones APP With Google Map Traffic Control: Shut down Roads & Bridges In Advance Early Depolyment 16

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