Art & design in context time travel intro & modernity
Art & Design in Context Time Travel Modernism
Today’s session• Introduction to the new brief: Time Travel• Introduction to Modernism• Group work
Time Travel You will be working in groups on the Time Travel project. Each group will be assigned two defined 20th / 21st Century periods of time to research. For the Time Travel brief each group has to: • Research and produce a ‘Time Line’ or ‘Conceptual Map’ of your decade which conveys important art and design matters, people, studios, organisations, projects, artefacts, products and exhibitions. • You will also have to show the surrounding social historical and political contexts they were involved in: wars, politics andLudwig Zehnder, anything of significance that happen during that period. ThisX-Ray Photograph of will be presented to the whole group at the end on term.a Human Body, 1896 • Create a group website (WordPress blog) to which all members of the group contribute
Time Travel• Each student will be responsible for an element of the project. For instance one student might research the artists of the period and another might find out about who else was famous during the decade. One of you might look at historical events while another might look at the significant developments in design during your given period.• You will be assessed on how you work in a group but you will also have to produce individual work for your website (blog). You will all present in your group website the final group work and the elements you personally researched.
Time Travel The sessions are based around seminar, workshop and gallery visits, and will: • Introduce you to histories of art and design processes • Introduce you to key social and professional concerns affecting fields of art and design • Introduce you to methods of analysis and evaluation via individual tasks as well as group work (to be carried out through independentAES&F, Action half life, studies, and in group tasks during the sessions)episode 2, 2003 • Introduce you to psychological contexts of art & design, and the medium of communication
Time Travel At the end of this project, you will have:• A good understanding of related strands of art and design history, practices and processes• Insights into social, political and global issues affecting areas of art and design• Knowledge of a specialised area of art and design• Developed initial skills in design literacy, critical analysis and comment 1936 Berlin Olympic stadium
Time Travel – assessment This summative assessment (25%) will take the form of a group presentation of your project (timeline) and your group website (blog). Your timelines should exist on both your group blogs as well as your individual blogs. You will present your project as a group during the session of:Martin Parr, British Food, 1995-96 Wednesday December 7 You will have 5 minutes to verbally and visually present your project (timeline) and accompanying website (blog) Note: last year’s Time Travel projects can be found on the 2010-11 Art & Design in Context blog: http://artdesigncontext1011.wordpress.com
ModernismModernism is a term thatrefers to cultural conceptsand productions, and usuallyrefers to an approximatetime period of 1890 - 1960(note: periods of time mayoverlap, and all culturalconcepts/productionsgenerated during this periodmay not reflect or embodyModernist notions) Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles dAvignon (The Young Ladies of Avignon), 1907
19th Century shifts to what became known as Modernism The huge changes in society through the 19th Century began to influence art practices (attitudes, inventions, industrialisation, etc) – There is a direct reaction to theClaude Monet, Romantic ideas that did not alwaysTrain in the Snow, 1875 portray truth – Individuals began to revolt against anything coming from the Romantic Era The late 19th Century saw the emergence of a distinct movement which was influenced by these changes...
No doubt it is an excellent discipline to study the oldmasters, in order to learn how to paint, but it can be nomore than a superfluous exercise if your aim is tounderstand the beauty of the present day. The draperiesof Rubens or Veronese will not teach you how to paintwatered silk dantique, or satin à la reine, or any otherfabric produced by our mills, supported by a swayingcrinoline, or petticoats of starched muslin. What wouldyou say, for example, of a marine painter (...) who, havingto represent the sober and elegant beauty of a modernvessel, were to tire out his eyes in the study of theoverloaded, twisted shapes, the monumental stern, ofships of bygone ages, and the complex sails and rigging ofthe sixteenth century? [The painter of modern life],guided by nature, tyrannized over by circumstance, hasfollowed a quite different path. He began by looking atlife, and only later did he contrive to learn how to expresslife. Charles Baudelaire, The Painter of Modern Life, 1863
Some significant ideas emerging around the mid 19th Century - early 20th Century that influenced thinking and that came to influence 20th /21st Century events, thought, cultural productions etc, include:• Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto (1848)• Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species, (1872)• Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams, (1900)
William-Adolphe Bouguereau, The Bathers, 1884 Paul Cezanne, The Three Bathers, 1879-82
Paul Delaroche“From today painting is dead” 1839(Attributed)"The painter will discover in this processan easy means of collecting studieswhich he could otherwise only haveobtained over a long period oftime, laboriously and in a much lessperfect way, no matter how talented hemight be." Hippolyte Bayard, Self-Portrait in the Studio, post 1850
Modernism Modernism was a broad movement, encompassing numerous sub-movements, and was focused around experimental approaches to art / architecture / design. The medium itself became the focal point for artists, taking the place of nature, which was the preferred focus in the 19thPiet Mondrian,Composition No VI, Century.1914
Modernist themesinclude:RebellionIncreasing abstractionFlattening of spaceUsing color, line and shapeexpressively rather thandescriptivelyLinear progression of these ideas Piet Mondrian, Composition with Yellow, Blue, and Red,from one movement to the next 1937–42
Modernism Modernism was characterised by a wide range of –isms, all rejecting Naturalism in favour of experimental art, often focused on the nature of art and human experience. Key Modernist expressions: experimental, radical, readymade, primitive, the unconscious, spiritualism, expressive truth, art & industry, internationalism Key Modernist artists: Pablo Picasso, Jean Arp, Marc Chagall, Wassily Kandinsky, Piet Mondrian, Max Ernst, Henry Moore, Alberto Giacometti, Egon Schiele, Fernand Léger, ManChristian Schad, Shadograph, 1919 Ray, Marcel Duchamp, Barbara Hepworth, Frida Kahlo, Joan Miró, Yves Tanguy, Lucio Fontana, Mark Rothko, etc.
MODERNISM - 1890s / turn of the century onwards up until ca 1960s Surrealism CubismAbstract Expressionism Abstraction Futurism Dadaism Fauvism Constructivism Vorticism
Time Travel groups:Group 1: Ana Kirova, Omar Adams, Philip Flood, Migle KanapelkaiteGroup 2: George Sampagian Diplas, Henry Ofori-Atta, Toria Ashplant, Evion Chong, JB Juwana BadugeGroup 3: Diana Hernandez Romero, Hannah Edwards, Jardene Sinclair, Damiyr SaleemGroup 4: Rhianne Fung, Charlie Palmer, Samantha Watson, Hannah FarrellGroup 5: Gurmakh Sing Pottiwal, Mario Thompson, Jumana Hasso, Asen Dankov, Ross BartleyGroup 6: Nikki Chadd, Lorrell Fowlin, Jianwei Huang, Raheel Saber, Arleen DewellGroup 7: Sandie Ly, Monica Girgis, Donameche Woolery, Dominika Sroczak Dan Browne,Group 8: Funmi Ohiosumah, Salaur Rahman, Edisson Hidalgo, Joe Weaver, Suheb Ahmad
Group work: Part 1 - discussion Locate your group members and sit down to discuss the brief and the time periods given to you.• Decide on a Time Travel team name• Think about the two time periods given to you. What do you already know (as a group) about these two 5 year periods? Start drawing up timelines with examples of: o World events (political, social, industrial, global, national events , war/s, etc) o Art & Design (artists, designers, exhibitions, movements, products, projects, etc) o Key personalities / people o Social, political and/or cultural movements (voting, gender / racial issues, freedom of speech, etc)
Group work: Part 2 – group blogs Having decided on a name of your Time Travel group and discussed the time periods given to you, you now need to create a group blog:• Create a group blog that you are all ‘administrators’ of (linked to your individual blogs)• Discuss themes / layout / design / navigation and create necessary pages• Upload your notes from Part 1 of the group work to your group blog• Send me your group blog address: email@example.com
For next week:• Bring in at least one image relating to one of the time periods given to your group (can be related to art / design / advertising / cinema / posters or any other visual media you find interesting)• Define the term ‘Modernism’ in your own words, give examples, and upload to your individual blog (200-300 words)• Review the new brief (Time Travel) and learning outcomes• Bring your laptops – at least one per group and... Make sure you have sent me your group blogs so that I can add them to the Art & Design in Context blog: firstname.lastname@example.org