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Understanding CPTED Principles + School Safety

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How can we promote safety in schools through assessments, operations, and design? This presentation, presented at A4LE Pacific Northwest by D/P/S architect Adrienne Lewis, covers information about Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) techniques that discourage unwanted behavior on campus. Adrienne shares CPTED concepts, supported by national data, and subtle and effective ways to create a safe and welcoming environment.

Published in: Design
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Understanding CPTED Principles + School Safety

  1. 1. Understanding CPTED Principles and School Safety NASRO Certified CPTED School Practitioner
  2. 2. Outline SCHOOL SAFETY INTRO SAFE & UNSAFE ENVIRONMENTS CPTED PRINCIPLES
  3. 3. SCHOOL SAFETY
  4. 4. SAFE + UNSAFE ENVIRONMENTS Blum, McNeely, and Rinehart, Improving the Odds: The Untapped Power of Schools to Improve the Health of a Teen, http://www.cga.ct.gov/coc/PDFs/bullying/youth_summit_2014/improving_the_odds.pdf
  5. 5. RESEARCH SHOWS… Florida Safe School Design Guidelines: Strategies to Enhance Security and Reduce Vandalism. updated. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Education; 2003.
  6. 6. RESEARCH SHOWS… Florida Safe School Design Guidelines: Strategies to Enhance Security and Reduce Vandalism. updated. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Education; 2003.
  7. 7. What is CPTED?
  8. 8. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) The form, arrangement, and design of buildings and open spaces can encourage or discourage criminal activity and undesirable behavior.
  9. 9. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) The form, arrangement, and design of buildings and open spaces can encourage or discourage criminal activity and undesirable behavior. “The premise of CPTED is that proper design and use of the human environment can create a reduction in the incidence and fear of crime, and increase the quality of life.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  10. 10. CPTED EMPHASIS Physical environment Productive use of space Behavior of people Jacobs, Jane, The Death and life of Great American Cites, New York, NY, Random House: 1961. Newman, Oscar, Defensible Space, New York, NY, McMillan Publishing: 1973.
  11. 11. CPTED | Goals Dekker/Perich/Sabatini
  12. 12. CPTED | Benefits Dekker/Perich/Sabatini
  13. 13. CPTED | PREMISE
  14. 14. CPTED Principles Dekker/Perich/Sabatini
  15. 15. CPTED PRINCIPLES
  16. 16. CPTED PRINCIPLES
  17. 17. SURVEILLANCE WILL I BE SEEN?
  18. 18. SURVEILLANCE http://www.junk-culture.com/2014/03/glowing-night-photos-of-24-hour.html#
  19. 19. SURVEILLANCE C. Casteel (UCLA) & C. Peek-Asa (UCLA). 2000. Effectiveness of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) in reducing robberies. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 17, 99-115, p.110 Image: http://www.huskyenergy.com/news/photolibrary/retail.asp#
  20. 20. Group A Normal Screen Group B Eyes Screen SURVEILLANCE K.J. Haley (UCLA), D.M.T. Fessler (UCLA). 2005. Nobody’s watching? Subtle cues affect generosity in an anonymous economic game. Evolution and Human Behavior, 26, 245-256
  21. 21. Group A Normal screen Group B Screen with eyes SURVEILLANCE K.J. Haley (UCLA), D.M.T. Fessler (UCLA). 2005. Nobody’s watching? Subtle cues affect generosity in an anonymous economic game. Evolution and Human Behavior, 26, 245-256 Image: Designing Violence Out of Schools presentation by Russel James J.D., Ph.D.
  22. 22. SurveillanceSURVEILLANCE
  23. 23. SURVEILLANCE American Educational Research Journal 36:3-42. Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  24. 24. SURVEILLANCE | BUILDING Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  25. 25. SURVEILLANCE | BUILDING Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  26. 26. SURVEILLANCE | BUILDING Dekker/Perich/Sabatini
  27. 27. SURVEILLANCE | BUILDING Dekker/Perich/Sabatini
  28. 28. SURVEILLANCE | STAIRS Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  29. 29. SURVEILLANCE | STAIRS Dekker/Perich/Sabatini
  30. 30. SURVEILLANCE | CORRIDORS
  31. 31. SURVEILLANCE | CORRIDORS Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  32. 32. SURVEILLANCE | CORRIDORS
  33. 33. SURVEILLANCE | RESTROOMS Image: Carter & Carter Associates .
  34. 34. SURVEILLANCE | RESTROOMS
  35. 35. ACCESS WHO CAN GET IN & OUT?
  36. 36. ACCESS | SITE Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  37. 37. ACCESS | SITE Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  38. 38. ACCESS | ROOF
  39. 39. ACCESS | BUILDING
  40. 40. ACCESS | BUILDING
  41. 41. ACCESS | WAYFINDING
  42. 42. ACCESS | WAYFINDING Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  43. 43. ACCESS | WAYFINDING Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  44. 44. ACCESS | WAYFINDING
  45. 45. ACCESS | WAYFINDING
  46. 46. ACCESS | ENTRY Dekker/Perich/Sabatini Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  47. 47. ACCESS | ENTRY
  48. 48. ACCESS | ENTRY Dekker/Perich/Sabatini
  49. 49. ACCESS | ENTRY
  50. 50. ACCESS | ENTRY Dekker/Perich/Sabatini
  51. 51. TERRITORIALITY DOES ANYONE CARE WHAT HAPPENS HERE?
  52. 52. TERRITORIALITY | BOUNDARIES Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  53. 53. TERRITORIALITY | BOUNDARIES
  54. 54. TERRITORIALITY | AMENITIES Russell James, J.D., Ph.D.
  55. 55. TERRITORIALITY | AMENITIES Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  56. 56. TERRITORIALITY | AMENITIES Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  57. 57. TERRITORIALITY | AMENITIES Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  58. 58. TERRITORIALITY | AMENITIES Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  59. 59. TERRITORIALITY | AMENITIES
  60. 60. TERRITORIALITY | MAINTENANCE Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  61. 61. TERRITORIALITY | MAINTENANCE Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  62. 62. TERRITORIALITY | MAINTENANCE Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  63. 63. TERRITORIALITY | MAINTENANCE Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  64. 64. TERRITORIALITY | INCLUSION Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  65. 65. TERRITORIALITY | INCLUSION Image: Carter & Carter Associates
  66. 66. PUTTING IT INTO ACTION Dekker/Perich/Sabatini
  67. 67. CALL TO ACTION
  68. 68. LIABILITY WAIVER “Implementation of our recommendations does not guarantee a crime- free environment. However, it is our experience that the application of the CPTED concept and principles reduces the opportunity for criminal behavior, creates an environment for positive social interaction and enhances the quality of life.”
  69. 69. THANK YOU!

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