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The Hitchhiker's Guide to Disinformation, Public Opinion Swinging and False Flags

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Dan Demeter in Bucharest, Romania on November 8-9th 2018 at DefCamp #9.

The slides and other presentations can be found on https://def.camp/archive

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The Hitchhiker's Guide to Disinformation, Public Opinion Swinging and False Flags

  1. 1. Disinformation, Public OpinionDisinformation, Public Opinion Swinging and False FlagsSwinging and False Flags Dan Demeter, Kaspersky Lab Romania -- def.camp, 2018@_xdanx
  2. 2. Remember, remember! The fifth of November, The Gunpowder treason and plot; I know of no reason Why the Gunpowder treason Should ever be forgot!
  3. 3. "Who owns the information, he owns the world." -- Guy Fawkes (1570-1606)
  4. 4. ./whoami./whoami MEng from Imperial College London in 2014 Security Researcher @ Kaspersky Lab #KLara developer
  5. 5. GReATGReAT - Elite Threat Research- Elite Threat Research Global Research and Analysis Team Founded 2008 Threat intelligence, research and innovation leadership APTs, critical infrastructure threats, banking threats, targeted attacks, finding attacks using zero-days in popular OS’es and products
  6. 6. PastPast
  7. 7. Ion Mihai PacepaIon Mihai Pacepa
  8. 8. Ion Mihai Pacepa
  9. 9. DezinformatsiyaDezinformatsiya
  10. 10. DezinformatsiyaDezinformatsiya Our friends in Moscow call it "dezinformatsiya". Our enemies in America call it "active measures", and I, dear friends, call it "my favorite pastime." -- Col. Rolf Wagenbreth (b. 1929) (Director of Department X (dis-information) of East German foreign intelligence
  11. 11. DezinformatsiyaDezinformatsiya IF YOU ARE GOOD AT DISINFORMATION, YOU CAN GET AWAY WITH ANYTHING.” (p. 80)
  12. 12. Trivia timeTrivia time A) AIDS was created in a lab B) The Earth if Flat C) Napoleon was short (1.6 m) D) We eat clones from a single selectively-bred banana E) Einstein failed at maths
  13. 13. Trivia timeTrivia time A) AIDS was created in a lab B) The Earth if Flat C) Napoleon was short (1.6 m) D) We eat clones from a single selectively-bred banana E) Einstein failed at maths
  14. 14. Was Napoleon Short?Was Napoleon Short? For years, the history books listed Napoleon's official height as 5 feet, 2 inches (1.58 meters), indisputably in "shorty" territory. But that's because they mistakenly believed that a French "foot" was the same as an English foot. He was actually 1.7m
  15. 15. Einstein failed at Maths?Einstein failed at Maths? The source of the "Einstein flunked math" myth is not clear. However, when shown the allegation in a 1935 "Ripley's Believe It or Not" column, Einstein replied, "I never failed in mathematics. Before I was 15 I had mastered differential and integral calculus"
  16. 16. активные мерыактивные меры
  17. 17. active measuresactive measures
  18. 18. Active measures is a Soviet term for the actions of political warfare conducted by the Soviet and Russian security services to influence the course of world events, in addition to collecting intelligence and producing "politically correct" assessment of it. Active measures range "from media manipulations to special actions involving various degrees of violence". They were used both abroad and domestically. Source: Wikipedia
  19. 19. Active measures is a Soviet term for the actions of political warfare conducted by the Soviet and Russian security services to influence the course of world events, in addition to collecting intelligence and producing "politically correct" assessment of it. Active measures range "from media manipulations to special actions involving various degrees of violence". They were used both abroad and domestically. Source: Wikipedia
  20. 20. Active measures’ can include a combination of White, Grey and Black propaganda. Source: LSE Soviet Subversion, Disinformation and Propaganda: How the West Fought Against it (2017) (p. 17)
  21. 21. активные меры cookbookактивные меры cookbook Front Organisations Agents of Influence Influence/Infiltrate the Media Fake Stories Forgeries Source: LSE Soviet Subversion, Disinformation and Propaganda: How the West Fought Against it (2017) (p. 20)
  22. 22. AIDS was created by theAIDS was created by the AmericansAmericans
  23. 23. Operation INFEKTIONOperation INFEKTION Soviet Bloc Intelligence and Its AIDSSoviet Bloc Intelligence and Its AIDS Disinformation CampaignDisinformation Campaign -- Thomas Boghardt-- Thomas Boghardt
  24. 24. Deadly consequences...Deadly consequences...
  25. 25. Source: LSE Soviet Subversion, Disinformation and Propaganda: How the West Fought Against it (p. 23)
  26. 26. Fake News && Active Measures - CostsFake News && Active Measures - Costs Soviet Bloc Intelligence and Its AIDS Disinformation Campaign -- Thomas Boghardt
  27. 27. 9.18 B$9.18 B$
  28. 28. US Active MeasuresUS Active Measures
  29. 29. US Active MeasuresUS Active Measures Source: Airborne Leaflet Propaganda
  30. 30. Radio Free EuropeRadio Free Europe https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/document/cia-rdp80b01676r002600100042-9
  31. 31. Radio Free EuropeRadio Free Europe https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/document/cia-rdp80b01676r002600100042-9
  32. 32. Radio Free EuropeRadio Free Europe https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/document/cia-rdp80b01676r002600100042-9
  33. 33. Radio Free EuropeRadio Free Europe https://www.amazon.com/Radio-Free-Europe-Liberty-International/dp/0804773564
  34. 34. Disinformation elsewhereDisinformation elsewhere
  35. 35. Fake News in Communist RomaniaFake News in Communist Romania
  36. 36. PresentPresent
  37. 37. YT: How false news can spread - Noah TavlinYT: How false news can spread - Noah Tavlin "Our desire for quick answers may overpower the desire to be certain of their validity"
  38. 38. YT: How false news can spread - Noah TavlinYT: How false news can spread - Noah Tavlin
  39. 39. Why does it happen? How doesWhy does it happen? How does it work?it work? Tribalism (or Partisanship) Confirmation bias Dangers of debunked ideas
  40. 40. Parlemeter 2018 -Parlemeter 2018 - Eurobarometer Survey 90.1Eurobarometer Survey 90.1 "More than ever, European citizens see their country’s membership to the EU as a good thing"
  41. 41. Parlemeter 2018 - Eurobarometer Survey 90.1Parlemeter 2018 - Eurobarometer Survey 90.1
  42. 42. Parlemeter 2018 -Parlemeter 2018 - Eurobarometer Survey 90.1Eurobarometer Survey 90.1 On European average, the abuse of personal data online as well as fake news and disinformation online return as lowest-ranked threats. On national level, the abuse of personal data online scores the highest in Denmark with 26% and 23% in both the Netherlands and Ireland for. In Latvia (25%), Sweden and Romania (both 24%) the threat of fake news and disinformation online find its highest relative support
  43. 43. Balkans: Most susceptible for fake newsBalkans: Most susceptible for fake news
  44. 44. Fact Checking ReportFact Checking Report https://ksj.mit.edu "[...]conducted more than 300 surveys and more than 90 interviews [...] to gather various perspectives on fact-checking policies and procedures"
  45. 45. Fact Checking ReportFact Checking Report https://ksj.mit.edu "The study focused not on the watchdog efforts of political fact-checkers [...], but rather on the in-house quality control that publications do before a story goes to print - a practice known as editorial fact checking"
  46. 46. Borel says she was also struck to learn that “the hourly rate for fact-checkers is all over the place.” Some fact checkers reported earning $19 an hour; others four times that much. Some outlets paid as little as $15 an hour. On average, fact-checkers who participated in the study earned about $30.
  47. 47. Bots, bots, bots...Bots, bots, bots...
  48. 48. Let's play a game...Let's play a game... Report a Facebook Page 1 euro ~ Beer 2 euro ~ Better Beer 4 euro ~ Average Lunch 10 euro ~ B0$$ Lunch 20 euro ~ Therme ticket
  49. 49. Internet BalkanizationInternet Balkanization Stefan Tanase - Today @12:30
  50. 50. PrivacyPrivacy the state of being apart from other people or concealed from their view; solitude; seclusion OR freedom from damaging publicity, public scrutiny, secret surveillance, or unauthorized disclosure of one’s personal data or information, as by a government, corporation, or individual
  51. 51. PrivacyPrivacy The state of being free from unwanted or undue intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs; freedom to be left alone
  52. 52. Illusion of privacyIllusion of privacy Nothing to hide argumentNothing to hide argument
  53. 53. Cambridge AnalyticaCambridge Analytica US '16 Elections UK '16 Brexit Vote
  54. 54.  Advanced Symbolics Advanced Symbolics
  55. 55. Is privacy 'dead'?Is privacy 'dead'? Is there anything we can do?Is there anything we can do?
  56. 56. Things we can do User education Quality Journalism User education
  57. 57. Support these guysSupport these guys Casa Jurnalistului Scena9 Recorder etc...
  58. 58. ThanksThanks Bib working group (S. & A.) Costin and Vicente You
  59. 59. "Who owns the information, he owns the world." -- Nathan Rothschild (1777-1836)
  60. 60. Dan DemeterDan Demeter @_xdanx Global Research and Analysis Team Kaspersky Lab

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