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Brutalism Architecture (EXPLORING VERSATALITY OF R.C.C.)

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formed with striking blockish, geometric, and repetitive shapes, and often reveal the textures of the wooden forms used to shape the material, which is normally rough, unadorned poured concrete.

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Brutalism Architecture (EXPLORING VERSATALITY OF R.C.C.)

  1. 1. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES DEEPIKA VERMA M. Arch. (1ST Sem) BRUTALISM EXPLORING VERSATALITY OF R.C.C.
  2. 2. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA Introduction  The term originates from the French béton brut, or "raw concrete".  Brutalism is an architectural style that spawned from the Modernist architectural movement and which flourished from the 1950s to the1970s.  The early style was largely inspired by the work of Swiss architect, Le Corbusier(in particular his Unite de habitation building) and of Mies Van der Rohe.  Le Corbusier use the term brutalism to describe his own work, though it was originally COINED BY the British architects Alison and Peter Smithson.  The term eventually became part of the common architectural lexicon when Reyner Banham used it in his book, “New Brutalism”
  3. 3. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA Introduction When used in describing architecture, brutalism refers to a :- Brutalist buildings are usually formed with striking blockish, geometric, and repetitive shapes, and often reveal the textures of the wooden forms used to shape the material, which is normally rough, unadorned poured concrete. - Dynamic Geometric Style That Is Massive - Monolithic - Blocky In Appearance - Typically Contains Poured Concrete Ernő Goldfinger : Trellick Tower, London, 1966–1972,
  4. 4. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA  STRONG BOLD SHAPES.  REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES.  LARGENESS OF SCALE , STRONG.  OFF FORM CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION.  LARGE AREAS OF BLANK WALL.  DIAGONAL , SLOPING OR STRONG CURVED ELEMENTS CONTRASTING WITH HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL MEMBERS.  BRUTALIST BUILDING MATERIALS ALSO INCLUDE BRICK, GLASS, STEEL.  THE EXPOSURE OF THE BUILDING'S FUNCTIONS — RANGING FROM THEIR STRUCTURE AND SERVICES TO THEIR HUMAN USE—IN THE EXTERIOR OF THE BUILDING. CHARACTERISTICS
  5. 5. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA Leading Brutalists Architects associated with the brutalist style include-  Le-Corbusier with his works across the world,  Paul Rudolph one of the masters in Brutalism,  Japanise architect Kenzo Tange,Erno goldfinger,  Husband-wife Peter and Alison Smithsor, members of Team X.  Outside Britain Louis Kahn with government buildings in Asia,  Charles Correa with residential buildings,  More recent Modernists such as I.M Pie and Tadao Ando have also designed notable Brutalist works.
  6. 6. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA Le-corbusier  Le Corbusier used to describe the poured concrete with which he constructed many of his post-World War II buildings.  First architect to make use of rough caste concrete.  He was the most admired and criticized architect of the last century.  Acceptance of vernacular as a valid mode of architectural expression.  Unité d' Habitation is arguably the most influential Brutalist building of all time.
  7. 7. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA Le-corbusier Unite d’habitation, Marseille, France, 1947-1952. Notre Dame du Haut Chapel, Ronchamp, France, 1955. CHARACTERISTICS strong bold shapes. r.c.c. structures. off form concrete structure. diagonal , sloping or strong curved elements contrasting with horizontal and vertical members. the exposure of the building's functions: structure and services. CHARACTERISTICS strong bold shapes. r.c.c. structures. largeness of scale. off form concrete construction. diagonal , sloping or strong curved elements contrasting with horizontal and vertical members.
  8. 8. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA PAUL RUDOLPH  Inspired by Corbusier.  Use of highly textured concrete surface.  Hammering technique evolved to achieve a visually enriching tectile quality in concrete exposing the inner aggregate.  Innovative use of FORM WORK to enhance visual quality of concrete such as ribbed wood forms.
  9. 9. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA PAUL RUDOLPH Yale Art and Architecture Building, New Haven, Connecticut, 1963 TEMPLE STREET PARKING GARAGE, NEW HEAVEN, CT, 1959-1963 CHARACTERISTICS strong bold shapes. r.c.c. structures. largeness of scale . visually enhancing tectile quality in concrete blank walls.
  10. 10. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA KANZO TANGE Kenzo Tange is the Pritzker- Prize Winning Japanese architect who define Japan’s post-WWII emergence into Modernism.  Believed in fusion of traditional and modern architecture after 1960’s  Influenced by Le- corbusier  Took inspiration from the nature  Appealing to emotions and senses  Justification of function  Justification of design  Need of symbolism
  11. 11. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA KANZO TANGE Tange’s own home, Japan, 1953 National gymnasium , The Yoyogi Park, Tokyo, 1961-1964. CHARACTERISTICS strong bold shapes. reinforced concrete structures. largeness of scale , strong. off form concrete construction. diagonal , sloping or strong curved elements. CHARACTERISTICS inspired from le cobusier’s villa savoye horizontal and vertical members. use of brutalist building materials r.c.c., brick, glass, steel.
  12. 12. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA Erno goldfinger  Hungarian-born architect and designer of furniture  Prominently remembered for designing residential tower blocks.  Family business was forestry and saw-mills, which led Goldfinger to consider a career in engineering
  13. 13. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA Erno goldfinger Balforn Tower, London, England, 1965-1967 trellick Tower, London, England, 1972 CHARACTERISTICS strong bold shapes. reinforced concrete structures. largeness of scale , strong. use of brutalist building materials brick, glass, steel. the exposure of the building's functions
  14. 14. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA Team x ( New Brutalism / Structuralism)  Group formed by younger generation of CIAM members.  They disgraced with the founding ideologies of CIAM Opposed brutalism original concept.  Two different movements emerged from Team 10: the New Brutalism of the English members (Alison and Peter Smithson) and the Structuralism of the Dutch members (Aldo van Eyck and Jacob Bakema).  a small family group of architects who have sought each other out because each has found the help of the others necessary to the development and understanding of their own individual work.
  15. 15. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA Team x Peter and Alison Smithson : Hunstaton School, Hunstanton, England, 1954 It was designed by the intellectual architectural couple, Peter and Alison Smithson and was one of the most popular works by the Smithsons. the school was strikingly modern in many ways, most notably in its extensive use of glass and steel, and the unusual free-standing water tower. It is often regarded as the first important example of the movement which came to be known as New Brutalism
  16. 16. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA Louis Kahn  An American architect  Served as a design critic and professor of architecture at Yale School of Architecture from 1947 to 1957.  Created a style that was monumental and monolithic; his heavy buildings do not hide their weight, their materials, or the way they are assembled.  Kahn's works are considered as monumental beyond modernism.
  17. 17. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA Louis Kahn jatiyo sangsad bhaban, (parliament of bangladesh), sher-e-bangla nagar, dhaka, 1961-1982 CHARACTERISTICS STRONG BOLD SHAPES. REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES. LARGENESS OF SCALE , STRONG. LARGE AREAS OF BLANK WALL.
  18. 18. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA  Concrete building criticized due to weathering effects in every weather condition excluding the deserts.  Concrete building criticized due to weathering effects in every weather condition excluding the deserts CRITICISM  Water staining due to moisture  Algae formation and discoloration  Chosen to cater economically weaker Community.  people highly dissatisfied with the space and the boxtype buildings.
  19. 19. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA CONCLUSION  War-ravaged Britain wanted a solution that looked modern and forward-thinking and that fitted with the excitement that followed the initial post-war depression.  The New Brutalism pioneered in France by Le Corbusier.  An undeniably honest approach to architecture that demanded form follow function and avoided unnecessary flourishes.  The Brutalist approach was all about showing off the materials from which the building was made, about sharp angles, rough surfacing and exposed services.  Brutalist architecture was a relatively short-lived fashion but due to the large number of building projects going on at the time of its peak leaves a lasting legacy.
  20. 20. CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURAL TRENDS AND THEORIES BRUTALISM THECELEBRATIONOFCONCRETE DEEPIKA VERMA THANK YOU 

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