Review of 11th five year plan


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Review of 11th five year plan

  1. 1. 10. ELEVENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN – A REVIEW11th Five Year Plan (2007-2012)- The overall and comprehensive picture of theheralding future growth : growth and plan performance during the firstRemarkable transition to a high growth path four years under the 11th Five Year Plan andduring the 10th Five Year Plan period performance of various Flagship programmesreinforced the underlying strength of the being implemented in the state are presentedfundamentals of the economy and eventually below.resulted in evolving strategies for 11th Five Economic growthYear Plan. The Government of India has The state economy, as measured by growth inadopted ‘rapid and inclusive growth’ as its the real Gross State Domestic Productcore theme in the 11th Five Year Plan. The (GSDP), on an average grew at 7.93% duringmain emphasis is on the Social sector and the first four years(2007-08 and 2010-11) ofdelivery of services therein. Education, in the 11th Five Year Plan period - almostparticular, has been accorded utmost priority catching up with the All India’s GDP growthduring the 11th Five Year Plan period. of 8.16% for the same period.Growth, recognized as an un-ignorable This impressive growth performance in theengine for expanding incomes and State is marked by a phenomenal growth inemployment necessary for social uplift, the beginning year (2007-08) of the 11th Planremains a pre-requisite for development. period when the State could register a growthWith the objective of ensuring that growth is rate of 12.02% and a highly impressivewidely spread so that its benefits are growth rate of 8.89% during the 4th yearadequately shared by the poor and weaker (2010-11) of the 11th Plan period. In between,sections of the society, the Government has despite the impact of the global slowdown,geared up for meeting the challenges during the State could muster moderate growththe 11th Five Year Plan duly manoeuvering performance (growth in excess of 5%) duringits resources . the years 2008-09 and 2009-10. ThisThe Eleventh Five Year Plan nearing its recovery in the growth pattern during 2010-terminal year with one more year left for 11, not only augurs well for the residual yearcompletion, a review of the performance of of the 11th Five Year Plan but for the ensuingthe economy for the four-year period (2007- 12th Five Year Plan also.08 to 2010-11) will throw light on the Regarding sectoral growth rates, Agriculturedevelopment that took place across sectors sector unlike during the 10th Plan period,during the major part of the 11th Plan period. showed certain signs of recovery and postedOne perceptible improvement is in the an average growth of 7.16% during the Four-standards of living of the people in the State year period (2007-08 to 2010-11). Thein the recent past, attributable to a number of Industries sector during this period grew atstrategic initiatives put in place by the 6.82%. The Services sector continuing itsGovernment over the years. predominance, posted a growth rate of 8.84%A summary of performance during 11th during the 4-year period.Five Year Plan (2007-11): The foodgrain production in the State afterImpressive record of economic growth on a achieving a record level of 204.21 lakhsustainable basis coupled with a certain tonnes during the year 2008-09 has slipped topositive upsurge in the living standards of the 156 lakh tonnes during 2009-10 due topeople prompted the State to enter the adverse seasonal conditions. However,Eleventh Five Year Plan period on an despite repeated floods, the foodgrainoptimistic note. The State has set a growth production in the State is estimated to reach atarget of 9.5% for the 11th Five Year Plan as level of 189.78 lakh tonnes during 2010-11.against 9% for the Nation. 215
  2. 2. Within Agriculture sector, the impact of services and Transport (other than Railways)slowdown coupled with adverse seasonal & Storage show promise.conditions in the State during the years 2008- Noteworthy increases in the Per Capita09 and 2009-10 is evident in all the sub- Income in the recent past broadly indicate thesectors except Livestock. This sub-sector of improvement in the livelihoods of the people.late has emerged as an important alternate The Per Capita Income of the state at currentsource of income to a large number of small prices has more than doubled in a span ofand marginal farmers, particularly in the five years- from Rs. 28,539 during 2005-06drought prone areas of the state. Innovative to Rs. 60,224 in 2010-11. In fact, the growthactivities like Pasukranthi, Jeevakranthi, in Per Capita Income of the State during thisSheep Insurance etc., taken up in the interest period is more rapid compared to All-India.of farmer’s welfare, appear to pay dividends. Effective implementation of several poverty-Forestry in the State is consistently growing alleviating and employment generatingbelow par averaging 2.5% during the 4-year programmes of the State as well as of theperiod. However, Fishing sub-sector Centre, aided by a better delivery mechanismrecording a negative growth during 2009-10, and safety nets in place in the state, appear tobounced back to register a growth of 8.39% have helped the people maintain relativelyduring 2010-11 managed to post a healthy better standards.average growth of almost 8% during the 11th Performance under Annual Plans:Plan period so far. The Planning Commission had approved aThe growth in the Industry sector appeared to total amount of Rs. 1,44,797 crores as totalhave been hit by recession. After registering Annual Plans outlay for State during the firstgrowth rates in excess of 10% continuously four years (2007-08 to 2010-11) of the 11thsince 2005-06 onwards till 2007-08, the Five Year Plan. An amount of Rs.1,07,750growth in the Industry sector suddenly crores has been spent. The expenditure forslipped to 1.51% during 2008-09. However, 2010-11 has been taken upto the end ofthe Industry sector witnessed a noticeable (December, 2010) only.growth momentum in the subsequent years. On the average, for the four year period,Within the Industry sector, Construction Economic Services accounted for about 64%subsector, maintained a steady and sustained of the total outlay, while Social Servicesgrowth consistently. For the four-year period accounted for a little over 35% and Generalof the 11th Plan, the Construction sub-sector Services less than 1% of the total outlay.grew at an overwhelming rate of 10.95%. Irrigation sector with an outlay share ofMining & Quarrying subsector, showed 41.3% and Housing with 9.9% share are thevolatile trends. However, after witnessing a major stakeholders in the total outlay. Otherslump during 2008-09, this subsector is prominent stakeholders include: Ruralslowly yet surely turning out to surge ahead. Development, Urban Development, IndustryThe manufacturing sub-sector(both registered and Agriculture and Welfare well as un-registered), which accounts for Ensuring Equity and Social Justice:nearly 50% of the Industrial output and more Consistent with recommendations of thethan 10% of the GSDP, has to grow at a Planning Commission to adhere tohigher pace if the Industry sector were to allocations for SCs and STs in proportion topropel the overall growth momentum and their shares in the State population, on theemployment. average, the respective shares in the totalServices sector continues to garner a lion’s outlays have been maintained under SCSPshare(over 53%) in the GSDP and the and TSP in the Annual Plans.consistently high growth rates have resulted Review of performance under priorityin a growth in excess of 8.8% during the initiatives/ programmes:four-year period. Among the sub-sectors of The innovative and bold initiatives put inthe Services sector, Communications, place by the state government in the last fewBanking & Insurance, Real estate & Business years have not only lifted the standards of 216
  3. 3. living of the people but were also under the Agriculture & Allied sectors, Rs.instrumental in ensuring welfare of the 6762.72 crores has been spent.people, especially the poor. The massive programme of ‘Jalayagnam’, ofBesides the achievements under the priority creating 98.41 lakh acres of new irrigationsectors like irrigation, agriculture and rural potential and stabilizing 22.26 lakh acres bydevelopment, the state has committed itself constructing a total number of 86 irrigationto focus on increasing public spending on projects-which include 44 major, 30 mediumsocial sector-especially on Housing, Urban projects, 4 flood banks and modernizing 8development and welfare of SCs, STs, projects has been mounted since 2004-05.minorities etc. besides the new initiatives like 12 projects have been completed and waterRajiv Arogyasri and 104/108 medical released for 21 more projects creating partialservices, Dr. YSR Abhaya Hastam, and irrigation potential during 2004-05 to 2009-others so as to ensure that the benefits of 10. During the 4 years (2007-08 to 2010-11)economic development and technology reach of the 11th Five Year Plan, 17.59 lakh acresthe needy. potential was created. An amount of Rs.The following is the outcome of some of the 38793.17 crores has been spent under Plan inprogrammes /initiatives implemented during the Irrigation sector.the 4 years of the 11th Five Year Plan.Agricultural resurgence: Health Initiatives:The state has been implementing a number of Rajiv Arogyasri:farmer-friendly initiatives to encourage One of objectives of the Eleventh Five Yearfarming in the state. These include supply of Plan is to achieve good health for the people,free power to Agriculture; insulate farmers especially the poor and underprivileged. Tofrom financial losses and to restore their provide financial protection to families livingcredit eligibility in the event of crop loss below poverty line for treatment of seriousthrough Agricultural insurance, disbursement ailments, the Arogyasri Health Care Trustof agricultural credit, debt waiver was set up to implement a Communityencouraging farmers to adopt integrated pest Health Insurance scheme – practices. Since inception in April, 2007, in all 23,582 Agriculture production and productivity medical camps were held in networkhave started attaining new heights in Andhra hospitals in rural areas wherein 40.06 lakhPradesh. The State has registered a record patients have been screened. Of these, 20.35Foodgrains production of 204.21 lakh tonnes lakh patients have been treated as out-during 2008-09 as against the normal of patients and 9.99 lakh as in-patients. 8.71160.17 lakh tonnes. However, due to twin lakh patients underwent surgery/therapy at aeffects of drought and floods during 2009-10, cost of Rs. 2491.51 crores.the foodgrain production slumped to 155.96 Emergency Transport(108) and Healthlakh tonnes. During current year, despite crop Information (104) Services:losses due to cyclones and floods, the food Toll Free 108 (EMRI): to enable rural poorgrain production is estimated to touch a level easy access to hospital services, free of cost,of 190 lakh MTs. Agriculture extension like in times of emergency. Further, a Caller-freeRythu Chaitanya Yatralu, Polambadi etc., Telephone service(104) for the rural andand Govt. of India’s flagship programs like urban population of the State to disseminateRastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) with information, advice and guidance related to100% Central aid have helped the State to any health problem have been undertaken byachieve targeted growth rate in the the Government.Agriculture and Allied sectors during XI five Medical and Health sector has beenyear plan. adequately funded. During the 4 year periodDuring the four-year Plan period(2007-08 to (2007-08 to 2010-11), an amount of Rs.2010-11-Jan.), an amount of Rs. 1023.08 4142.05 crores has been provided in the Plancrores has been spent under RKVY and Budgets. 217
  4. 4. Education: 53% of them are covered under BankTo make education more meaningful and linkage.effective, the State Government has been Social Harmonyimplementing several schemes of its own and From the year 2008-09, applications andthose sponsored by the Government of India. sanction of scholarships to S.C, S.T and B.C133.64 lakh children have been enrolled in students were made ONLINE to ensure thatdifferent levels with 53.40% in the Primary scholarships reach the students by the 1st ofstage. Government is taking all necessary every month and also to ensure transparencymeasures to retain children in schools. by keeping all the information in the publicDuring 2009-10, the dropout rates have fallen 15.80% at Primary level and 53.36% at the Apart from the above, other educational andSecondary level. economic development programmes are alsoAn amount of Rs. 3530.21 crores has been being implemented to SC,ST,BC andspent towards General Education in the State Minorities.during the 4-year period of the 11th Plan. An amount of Rs. 7076.33 crores has beenHousing & Pensions under INDIRAMMA: spent towards welfare of SCs, STs, BCs andAndhra Pradesh has been the pioneer in Minorities in the State during the 4-yearimplementing “Housing for All” duly making period (2007-08 to 2010-11) of the 11th a reality on saturation basis. During 1st four Urban Developmentyears of the 11th Five Year Plan, (2007-08 to Economic growth, substantially driven by2010-11), 32.51 lakh houses have been Industries and Services sector is witnessingconstructed. In order to accomplish saturation accelerated demographic expansion of urbanon the housing front, sizable budgetary population, not seen during last century. Theallocations have been made during the recent emerging challenge needs to be tackled onpast. In fact, housing accounts for 9.93% multiple fronts simultaneously.(amounting to Rs. 14,377 crores) of the total An amount of Rs. 8322.16 crores has beenplan outlay during the 4 year period of the spent for Urban Development in the State11th Five Year Plan. Incidentally, Housing during the 4-year period (2007-08 to 2010-sector happens to be the 2nd largest 11) of the 11th Plan.shareholder of Plan budget, falling onlybehind the massive Irrigation sector. Infrastructure ProjectsLargest ever social security net target is to Several infrastructure have been taken up byprovide pensions every month to around the State. Some of them are :71.96 lakh persons comprising old-aged, a) Hyderabad International Airportdisabled and widows across the state. commenced work during 2005 and itSubstantial budgetary allocations provided in is made operational in March,2008.the plan budgets and pensions have been b) 158 kms length of Outer Ring Roaddistributed to 65,13,326 persons every month (ORR) around the capital city ofduring 2010-11. Hyderabad is being implemented to reduce inner-city traffic congestion. –Self Help Groups(SHGs) 1st phase of ORR had been opened upThe concept of Indira Kranthi Patham has for the common traffic which nowbeen evolved with an objective of enabling effectively connects Cyberabad andall the rural poor families in 22 rural districts Airport.of Andhra Pradesh to improve their c) Hon’ble Prime Minister has laidlivelihoods and quality of life. All foundation stone on 1.9.2010 forhouseholds below the poverty line, starting upgradation of Tirupathi Airport asfrom the poorest of the poor are the target International of Indira Kranthi Patham. At present, d) The Hyderabad Metro Rail project9.75 lakh SHGs covering 1.10 crore rural spanning over 71 Km and estimatedwomen are functioning in the state and nearly to cost Rs. 12,132 crore is being 218
  5. 5. implemented in PPP mode under performance of various flagship programmes Viability Gap Funding(VGF) scheme. during the 11th Five Year Plan period is M/s Larsen & Toubro Ltd. is selected briefed hereunder. as the Concessionaire for the project. A brief assessment of four flagshipIndustry: programmes, namely, Mahatma GandhiIn all there are 113 SEZs approved by the National Rural Employment GuaranteeGovernment of India and out of these, 74 are Scheme (NREGS), Indira Awas Yojananotified and 27 are operational. Employment (IAY), Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojanahas been created for 82,606 persons and it is (PMGSY) and National Rural Drinkingprojected to generate employment for 8.50 Water Programme (NRDWP) etc., sponsoredlakh persons. by the Central Government are given below.An amount of Rs. 1169.15 crores has been Mahatma Gandhi National Ruralspent under Industries & Minerals sector Employment Guarantee Schemeduring the 4-year period (2007-08 to 2010- (MGNREGS):11) of the 11th Plan. The Mahatma Gandhi National RuralInformation Technology Employment Guarantee Act 2005 came intoInformation Technology and Communi- force on 2nd February 2006. The Act givescations continue to thrive in our State. I.T. legal guarantee of providing atleast 100 daysexports worth Rs.12,521 crores during 2005- of wage employment to rural households06 have increased to Rs.18,582 crores during whose adult members are willing to do2006-07 and further to Rs. 33,482 crores unskilled manual labour.during 2009-10. Similar upward surge in IT Government of Andhra Pradesh has adoptedexports is expected to continue during 2010- the Central Act and formulated the Andhra11 also. Pradesh Rural Employment GuaranteeCurbing Left Wing Extremism- Integrated Scheme. This scheme was implemented inAction Plan(IAP): 1095 mandals across the state in the 22With the aim of giving a fillip to districts excluding Hyderabad.development schemes in tribal and backward Since inception of the scheme, an amount ofregions, mostly affected by Naxal violence, Rs.14,041 crores had been spent up tillGOI have taken up of an Integrated Action December, 2010. This has resulted in thePlan (IAP) in 60 selected districts across the generation of 120.27 crore person days ofCountry. In Andhra Pradesh State, the IAP employment. This programme has so farprogramme is implemented in Khammam covered 1.19 crore households throughand Adilabad districts. It is aimed at quick issuing job cards in 22 districts of Andhraresolution of problems concerning Pradesh. The implementation of the schemehealthcare, drinking water, education and in Andhra Pradesh has been improving overroads. time. Implementation of the programme inDuring 2010-11 alone, each of the two the State has received much acclaim bydistricts are given a block grant of Rs. 25 various apex level bodies and monitoringcrore and the grant will go up to Rs. 30 crore agencies.each in 2011-12. Developmental works have Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojanabeen taken up in both these LWE districts on (PMGSY)a war footing. Good infrastructure is necessary not only forPerformance of Flagship programmes: economic development of rural areas but alsoWith a view to impart greater momentum to for overall human development and anthe efforts being made in various sectors, the acceptable standard of living. InfrastructureGovernment has launched flagship like rural roads can enhance connectivity andprogrammes under sectors of Rural offer better marketing possibilities.Development, Urban Development, Health A 100% Centrally Sponsored Schemeand Sanitation, Agriculture, Women & Child “Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak YojanaDevelopment, Education etc. The sector-wise (PMGSY)” was launched on 25th Dec. 2000, 219
  6. 6. primarily aiming to provide all-weather road Anganwadi Helper (AWH) to manage theconnectivity to unconnected habitations. AWC.Under this programme, in all, a total amount The main activities of ICDS centres are: 1)of Rs. 3321.55 crores has been spent during Provision of supplementary nutrition forthe 4 years(2010-11 upto Dec. 2010), children in the ages of 6 months to 6 yearscovering a total road length of 18,714 km and pregnant and lactating mothers 2)under 5897 completed works. Education for children between 3 to 6 yearsIndira Awas Yojana (IAY): (Early Childhood Education) 3)Indira Awas Yojana(IAY) is a Centrally Immunization of children and women inSponsored scheme being implemented in the collaboration with the health departmentstate with a sharing pattern of 75:25 between (ANM in the village) 4) Health check-up forthe centre and the state. children and women 5) Referral services for Under the IAY programme, in all, a total children and women 6) Nutrition and healthamount of Rs. 3051.55 crores has been spent education to mothers and adolescent girls.during the 4 years(2010-11 upto Dec. 2010. For undertaking various ICDS activities, anThe amounts include the state contribution amount of Rs. 2717.48 crores has been spentbesides the Central allocation. Under the IAY during the years 2007-08 to 2010-11(Tillscheme, 10.42 lakh houses have been Dec. 2011). A total of no. 385 ICDS projectsconstructed during the four year period 2007- have been implemented with 73,944 AWCs08 to 2010-11 ( till Dec. 2010). are operational in the state.Health, Nutrition and Drinking Water With regard to physical achievements underThe National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) Supplementary Nutrition, in all 62.65 lakhlaunched in the country during April 2005 is persons have been benefited under thean articulation of the governments programme during the year 2010-11.commitment to increase public spending on National Rural Drinking Waterhealth. The main focus of this programme is Programme (NRDWP)to make all health facilities a fully functional, An amount of Rs. 1757.80 crores was spentcommunity owned, decentralised health during the last four years 2007-08 to 2010-delivery system with an emphasis on inter- 11(till Janu.2011) against an allocation ofsectoral convergence with sanitation, water, 2079.70 crores under the National Ruraleducation, nutrition, social and gender Drinking Water Programme for providingequality besides strengthening all health drinking water to 14,616 habitations.facilities according to Indian Public Health Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)Standards (IPHS). Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) is aFor implementation of various items comprehensive and integrated flagshipsubsumed under NRHM, in all an amount of programme of Government of India, to attainRs. 2024.77 crores has been spent during the Universal Elementary Education (UEE) inperiod 2007-08 to 2010-11(Dec.2010). The the country in a mission mode. Launched inscheme covers several health parameters. partnership with the State Governments and local self-governments, SSA aims to provideIntegrated Child Development Services useful and relevant education to all the(ICDS) children in the 6-14 age groups by 2010.The ICDS is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme Under the SSA programme, an amount of Rs.and is the single largest integrated 3134.68 crores was spent during the last fourprogramme of child development in the years 2007-08 to 2010-11(till Dec.2011).country and in the state. Under this scheme, during the 4-year period,At the block level, the Child Development 210 new school buildings have beenProject Officer (CDPO) implements all ICDS constructed, 170 schools have been madeservices. One or more Anganwadi Centres operational. Further, several schools have(AWCs) are functioning in each village, with been provided with adequate drinking waterone Anganwadi Worker (AWW) and one facility and toilet facility. Due to the 220
  7. 7. infrastructure facilities and academic support, Urban Infrastructure Development Schemethere has been improvement in enrolment as for Small & Medium Towns (UIDSSMT)well as reducing drop out ratios. and Integrated Housing and SlumMid Day Meal Scheme (MDMs) Development Programme(IHSDP) are alsoMidday Meal scheme (MDM) is being associated with the development of the selectimplemented from January 2003 in the state. cities, together making the Package ofUnder the scheme, a minimum content of 450 JNNURM.calories and 12 grams of protein content is So far, an amount of Rs. 1519.91 croresprovided per child on each working day of under UI&G scheme, Rs. 1156.16 croresthe school for classes I to V and 700 calories under UIDSSMT, Rs. 942.49 crores underand 20 grams of protein content is provided BSUP and Rs. 353.44 crores under IHSDPper child on each working day of the school has been spent.for classes VI to X. Primary School, Upper Accelerated Irrigation Benefit ProgrammePrimary and High School Children of Classes Government of India has initiated assistanceI – X studying in Government/Local bodies under AIBP to complete the ongoing Majorand Aided institutions are covered under this and Medium Irrigation projects taken up withscheme. Central Water Commission and PlanningUnder the Mid-Day Meal programme, an Commission Clearances, since 1996 – 97 toamount of Rs. 597.29 crores, has been spent create Irrigation Potential at Optimum cost,during 2007-08 to 2010-11(Till Dec.2011). based on the guidelines issued from time toThe amounts include the state contribution time.besides the Central allocation. While 22 projects(12 major and 10 medium)Under the scheme, 60.33 lakh students have been included under AIBP after 2005-during 2007-08, 70.44 lakh students during 06, out of which, 3 major and 1 one medium2008-09, 70.43 lakh students during 2009-10 projects have been completed and the IPand 74.44 lakhs students during 2010-11 created upto Sept.2010 is 2.905 lakh Ha.have been covered. A total amount of Rs. 8658.66 crores hasJawaharlal Nehru National Urban been spent during the 4 years of the 11th FiveRenewable Mission (JNNURM): Year Plan 2007-08 to 2010-11(till Dec.2010)The Government of India had launched the under various AIBP projects in the state.Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission State Horticultural Mission (SHM):(JNNURM) for a period of 7 years beginning The project envisages development offrom 2005-06. The Mission, in effect, seeks Horticulture sector focussing on Plantationto ensure sustainable infrastructure Infrastructure Development, Rejuvenation,development in select cities of the country, post-harvest management techniques,selected on 2001 population criteria. For carrying out the said activities, anThe JNNURM Urban Reforms Mission has amount of Rs. 503.56 crores have been spenttwo Sub-Missions, viz., Urban Infrastructure since inception of the scheme.& Governance (UI&G) and Basic Services tothe Urban Poor(BSUP). Besides these twosub-missions, two other components viz., *** 221