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Racism 07


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Racism 07

  1. 1. Racism Tools to Identify andTools to Work to Undo Racism
  2. 2. Goal is Justice not Guilt
  3. 3. Brothers and Sisters to Us U.S. Catholic Bishops Pastoral Letter on Racism
  4. 4. Distinguish Between Personal Prejudice and Personal Acts versusSystemic and Institutional Preferences for Whites
  5. 5. If the KKK keeps people out ofschool, we understand that as racism
  6. 6. But if Fewer People of Color Can Afford to Attend PrivateSchools, College and Graduate Schools Is that Racism?
  7. 7. Racism is “systematized oppression of one race of another. In other words, the various forms of oppression within every sphere of social relations—economic exploitation, military subjugation, political subordination, cultural devaluation, psychological violation, sexual degradation, verbal abuse, etc.— together make up a whole of interacting anddeveloping processes which operate so normally and naturally and are so much a part of the existinginstitutions of society that the individuals involved are barely conscious of their operation” James Boggs, Racism and the Class Struggle 147-148.
  8. 8. Racism isPrejudice Plus Power
  9. 9. Not Just White and Black
  10. 10. Racial JusticeEconomic Justice Gender Justice Are Intertwined
  11. 11. Racism is a sin
  12. 12. Racism is a sin: a sin that divides the human family, blots out the image of Godamong specific members of that family, and violates thefundamental human dignity of those called to be children of the same Father.
  13. 13. Isn’t Racism Over?
  14. 14. Because the Courts have eliminated statutory racial discrimination and Congress has enacted civil rightslegislation, and because some minority people have achieved some measure of success, many people believe thatracism is no longer a problem in American life.
  15. 15. Distinguish Between Personal Prejudice and Personal Acts versusSystemic and Institutional Preferences for Whites
  16. 16. Movement toward authentic justicedemands a simultaneous attack on both racism and economic oppression.
  17. 17. The continuing existence ofracism becomes apparentwhen we look beneath thesurface of our national life.
  18. 18. Look beneath the surface
  19. 19. Bishops point to 5 areas that illustrate continuing racism: Employment Education Housing Criminal JusticeOpposition to Affirmative Action
  20. 20. Education? • African-Americans receive more and tougherdisciplinary action than their white counterparts, even for the same infraction. • Drop-out rate is far higher than their white counterparts rate.
  21. 21. Housing Segregation Patterns
  22. 22. Opposition to Immigrants
  23. 23. Blacks comprise 13 percent of the national population, but 30 percent of people arrested, 41 percent of people in jail. Human Rights Watch: Incarceration and Race
  24. 24. Opposition to Affirmative Action:
  25. 25. HISTORY Racism has been part of the social fabric of America since its European colonization. Whether it be the tragic past of the NativeAmericans, the Mexicans, the Puerto Ricans, orthe blacks, the story is one of slavery, peonage, economic exploration, brutal repression, and cultural neglect. None have escaped one or another form ofcollective degradation by a powerful majority.
  26. 26. Founders of Country?
  27. 27. The educational, legal, andfinancial systems, along with other structures and sectors of oursociety, impede peoples progress and narrow their access because they are black, Hispanic, Native American or Asian.
  28. 28. The structures of our society are subtly racist, for these structures reflect the values which society upholds.They are geared to the success ofthe majority and the failure of theminority. Members of both groups give unwitting approval by accepting things as they are.
  29. 29. What is Structural Racism?
  30. 30. Importance of Structure
  31. 31. Can You Restrict With One Wire?
  32. 32. Depends on How YouArrange the Wires
  33. 33. Structural Racism Directs Us to Examine the Way the Wires(Institutions) Are Interconnected
  34. 34. Perhaps no single individual is to blame.The sinfulness is often anonymous but nonetheless real.The sin is social in nature in thateach of us, in varying degrees, is responsible.
  35. 35. Under the guise of other motives,racism is manifest in the tendency to stereotype and marginalizewhole segments of the population whose presence perceived as a threat. Racism is manifest also in the indifference that replaces open hatred.
  36. 36. The minority poor are seen as thebyproduct of a post-industrial society -- without skills, without motivation, without incentive. They areexpendable people.
  37. 37. Race Disadvantage
  38. 38. We have long since grownaccustomed to thinking of Blacksas being “racially disadvantaged.” Rarely, however, do we refer to Whites as “racially advantaged,”even though that is an equally apt characterization of the existing inequality. Harlon Dalton
  39. 39. Race Advantage
  40. 40. In my class and place, I did not recognize myself as a racistbecause I was taught to see racismonly in individual acts of meannessby members of my group, never in invisible systems conferring unsought racial dominance on my group from birth. Peggy McIntosh, 1988
  41. 41. Todays racism flourishes in the triumph of private concern over public responsibility,individual success over social commitment, and personal fulfillment over authentic compassion
  42. 42. How start to combat racism?
  43. 43. Start with the understanding thatracism is “hard-wired” into our society and institutions.It is like the electric wires in the walls, or the plumbing, or the air and heat ductwork. Invisible. Important. Always There. It is a life-long struggle for justice.
  44. 44. Be willing to move beyond your comfort zone
  45. 45. Transformative EducationEducate Self and Community about history and reality of the barriers of structural racism How it affects us, How it affects others.
  46. 46. CREATE a safe environment for open and honest discussion
  47. 47. Study Bishops Pastorals“Brothers and Sisters All”
  48. 48. Listen to People of Color
  49. 49. There areresources for training & expert help
  50. 50. Questions for Reflection• Personal observations of examples of Prejudice Plus Power?• Structural or Institutional Racism in community – Housing patterns? Criminal justice? Education – public & private? Employment? Response to Affirmative Action? Economic Justice, Gender Justice• Not about guilt, but identifying and challenging unearned privilege and replace it with Justice.
  51. 51. Dr. Shawn Copeland and Bill Quigley