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Sales organization


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Sales organization

  1. 1. <ul><ul><li>SALES ORGANIZATION </li></ul></ul>Presented By- Deepak Khandelwal
  2. 2. SALES ORGANIZATION <ul><li>A sales organization is a organization of individual either working together for the marketing of products and services manufactured by an enterprise or for product that are procured by the firm for the purpose of reselling. </li></ul><ul><li>A sale organization structural body through which the function of sale management are carried out. </li></ul>
  3. 3. elements OF SALES ORGANIZATIONS <ul><ul><li>To permit the development of specialist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To assure that all necessary activities are performed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To achieve coordination or balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To define authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To economize on executive time </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. PRINCIPLES OF SALES ORGANIZATION <ul><li>Span of control </li></ul><ul><li>Centralization & Decentralization </li></ul><ul><li>Integration & coordination of function </li></ul>
  5. 5. FACTOR INFLUENCING SALES ORGANIZATION <ul><li>Product & service related factor </li></ul><ul><li>Organization related factor </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing mix related factor </li></ul><ul><li>External factor </li></ul>
  6. 6. Organization Design <ul><li>It refers to the formal in cordination task of assign territories & establishing flows of communication & responsibilities of sales group & individual to serve customer effectively. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps in- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhancing productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve an individual quality of work </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. PRODUCT ORGANIZATION DESIGN Northeast District Sales Manager Typewriter Salesperson Minicomputer Salesperson Programmable Calculator Salesperson Copier Salesperson Large Computer Salesperson Mid-Atlantic District Sales Manager Southern District Sales Manager Eastern Regional Sales Manager National Sales Manager Equipment Computer Salesperson
  8. 8. PRODUCT ORGANIZATION DESIGN <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows focusing of sales effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expertise developed in limited number of products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More expensive to operate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May result in duplication of sales calls to clients </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. LINE ORGANIZATION <ul><ul><li>Oldest & simplest structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Widely used in smaller firms or firms with small numbers of selling personnels, limited geographical area or narrow product line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chain of command run from top to down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All executives exercise line authority & each sales person is responsible to next in the hierarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No cross communication between persons at same level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greatest use in companies where all sales persons report directly to the chief sales executives </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. LINE ORGANIZATION <ul><li>Advantages : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems of discipline & control are small </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authority & responsibility are clear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saves time in making policy changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of close relationship between superior & subordinate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative expenses are low </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Too much dependence on department head </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insufficient time for policy making & planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inappropriate for rapidly growing firms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offers little opportunity to subordinates to acquire management skills </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. LINE ORGANIZATION General Manager Assistant sales Manager Division 1 Sales Manager Assistant sales Manager Office Assistant sales Manager Division 2 Assistant sales Manager Division 3 Sales People Sales People Sales People Office Staff
  12. 12. LINE & STAFF SALES ORGANIZATION President Advertising Manager Vp marketing Sales personel Director Director Training Assistant Gm sales Manager market research Assistant To Gm sales Gm sales Sales Promotion Manager District sales manager Branch sales manager Sales personnel
  13. 13. LINE ORGANIZATION <ul><li>In a pure line organization- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision are made faster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overhead cost are lower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales people need to follow the command. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. FUNCTIONAL SALES ORGANIZATION <ul><ul><li>Each individual in an organization should have few distinctive duties as possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Principle of specialization is utilized to its fullest extent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales people receive instructions from several executive but at different aspects of their work </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not feasible for small & medium sized firms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suitable for large firms with stable operations & with opportunity for considerable division of labour </li></ul></ul>FUNCTIONAL SALES ORGANIZATION
  16. 16. PRODUCT SALES ORGANIZATION <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent with market driven strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salespeople become customer experts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More expensive </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. PRODUCT SALES ORGANIZATION National Accounts Manager Northeast District Sales Manager Salesperson for Educational Institutions Salesperson for Manufacturers Salesperson for Retail Customers Salesperson for Government Agencies Salesperson for Wholesale Customers Salesperson for Bank Customers Mid-Atlantic District Sales Manager Southern District Sales Manager Eastern Regional Sales Manager Manager of Export Sales National Sales Manager
  18. 18. SIZE OF SALES FORCE <ul><li>Three Method </li></ul><ul><li>Affordability method </li></ul><ul><li>Incremental method </li></ul><ul><li>Work load method </li></ul>
  19. 19. THANK YOU