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Abrasive water jet machining

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Abrasive water jet machining

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Abrasive water jet machining

  1. 1. Submitted To Submitted By Department of M.E. Deepak Sahu M.E. 5th Sem.
  2. 2. Introduction • Abrasive Water Jet Machining (AWJM) is non- traditional or non-conventional machining process. ` • This belong to mechanical group of non- conventional processes like Ultrasonic Machining (USM) and Abrasive Jet Machining (AJM). • In these processes (WJM and AJWM), the mechanical energy of water and abrasive phases are used to achieve material removal or machining.
  3. 3. Definition • In abrasive jet machining, a focused stream of abrasive particles, carried by high pressure air or gas is made to impinge on the work surface through a nozzle and the work material is made to impinge on the work surface through a nozzle and work material is removed by erosion by high velocity abrasive particles.
  4. 4. Similar Mechanical Processes • WJM - Pure • WJM - with stabilizer • AWJM – suspended – two phase – abrasive and water • AWJM – entrained – three phase – abrasive, water and air
  5. 5. Types • Entrained Type AWJM: In entrained AWJM, the abrasive water jet, which finally comes from the focussing tube or nozzle, can be used to machine different materials. • Suspended Type AWJM: In suspension AWJM the abrasive water jet is formed quite differently. There are three different types of suspension AWJ formed by direct, indirect and Bypass pumping method
  6. 6. Entrained Type AWJM
  7. 7. Suspended Type AWJM
  8. 8. Working • Water is pumped at a sufficiently high pressure, 200-400 MPa (2000-4000 bar) using intensifier technology. • An intensifier works on the simple principle of pressure amplification using hydraulic cylinders of different cross- sections as used in “Jute Bell Presses”. • When water at such pressure is issued through a suitable orifice (generally of 0.2- 0.4 mm dia), the potential energy of water is converted into kinetic energy, yielding a high velocity jet (1000 m/s). • Such high velocity water jet can machine thin sheets/foils of aluminium, leather, textile, frozen food etc.
  9. 9. Variation With Mixing Ratio
  10. 10. Alternates Of AWJM • Mechanical Processes ⎯USM ⎯AJM ⎯WJM • Thermal Processes ⎯EBM ⎯LBM ⎯PAM ⎯ EDM and WEDM
  11. 11. • Electrical Processes ⎯ECM ⎯EDG ⎯EJD • Chemical Processes ⎯Chemical milling ⎯ Photo chemical machining
  12. 12. Application • Paint removal • Cutting soft materials • Cutting frozen meat • Textile, Leather industry • Mass Immunization • Surgery • Peening • Cutting • Pocket Milling • Drilling
  13. 13. References http://nptel.ac.in/courses/112105127/pdf/LM-3 Manufacturing Science by Amitabh Ghosh & Ashok Kumar Malik  P. J. Engels, Impact wear of materials, Chapter 4 by Finnie, Elsevier Production Engineering by Kalpika Jain

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