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  1. 1. Educating Children With Autism<br />Diana Medrano<br />EDUC 1301 V01-4<br />
  2. 2. What is Autism?<br /><ul><li>Autism is a disorder of neural development that is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
  3. 3. These signs all begin before a child is three years old.
  4. 4. Autism involves many parts of the brain, how this occurs is not well understood</li></li></ul><li>Symptoms<br /><ul><li>Significant problems developing nonverbal communication skills, such as eye-to-eye gazing, facial expressions, and body posture.
  5. 5. Delay in, or lack of, learning to talk. As many as 40% of people with autism never speak.
  6. 6. An unusual focus on pieces. Younger children with autism often focus on parts of toys, such as the wheels on a car, rather than playing with the entire toy. </li></li></ul><li>Treatment<br />There is no cure for autism but with appropriate treatment and education, many children with the disorder can learn and develop.<br /><ul><li>Sensory integration therapy
  7. 7. Play therapy Speech therapy
  8. 8. Picture exchange communication systems</li></li></ul><li>Public School<br />Most children with autism do attend public school. Depending on your child&apos;s needs and abilities, and the needs and abilities of your public schools, your child will probably wind up in one or another of these settings: <br /><ul><li>Typical public school classroom without special support (mainstreaming)
  9. 9. Typical public school classroom with support (1:1 and/or adaptations)
  10. 10. Part-time typical classroom, part-time special needs classroom setting
  11. 11. General special needs class
  12. 12. Specialized public autism class with some inclusion or mainstreaming </li></li></ul><li>Mainstreaming and Special Needs <br /><ul><li>Mainstreaming in the context of education is a term that refers to the practice of educating students with special needs in regular classes during specific time periods based on their skills.
  13. 13. It opens the lines of communication between those students with disabilities and their peers. If they are included into classroom activities, all students become more sensitive to the fact that these students may need extra assistance.
  14. 14. Most of the time, while there is a lot of improvement in the classroom with an autistic child, there can be times when they need to be removed from a typical classroom and placed in a special needs classroom due to constant bullying or the parent feeling their child isn’t getting the help that they need.</li></li></ul><li>Inclusion<br />Inclusion is a term coined to describe the philosophical argument that children with mental, physical, or emotional handicaps are entitled to an education within the mainstream of public education <br />The main argument over inclusion is:<br />segregating, children in special classes or programs denies these children access to normal classes or denies these children to access to normal experiences.<br />
  15. 15. Private School<br /><ul><li>Recently, there has been more acceptance by private schools of children with Aspergersyndrome
  16. 16. These schools are expensive since they build in full-day therapeutic interventions including speech, occupational and physical therapy as well as academics.
  17. 17. Tuitions can easily be as high as $75,000 per year. They may also be the ideal choice for your child with autism.
  18. 18. The down side of a school for children with autism is it is a world unto itself. While at school, children experience ONLY people who understand and care for them. Their peers are all autistic. There is no room for improvement on important things like social skills.</li></li></ul><li>Home School<br /><ul><li>The home-schooling setting is normally more quiet and conducive to learning, besides, it offers autistic children a typically 1:1 teacher to student ratio.
  19. 19. Plus, if you’re following a GFCF diet it’s much easier to implement this at home and you can be sure that your child is only eating what you’re giving them.
  20. 20. The beauty about home-schooling is that if one approach doesn’t work you can adapt your style until you find an approach that does work.</li></li></ul><li>Parents<br />As parents we need to find out if our child is autistic, so we can help if needed. Some signs might be:<br /><ul><li>Incredibly sensitive to sound, for instance, you needed to creep out of the baby’s room after putting them to bed.
  21. 21. It seems your child never sleeps
  22. 22. Has huge volumes of homework as he couldn't complete any work at school
  23. 23. Child tends to eat ‘white’ food (pasta, pizza, chicken breast, bread)
  24. 24. Dislikes textures in food (picky eater)
  25. 25. Prefers to wear the same clothes all the time
  26. 26. Dislikes tight clothing, elastic in socks, certain types of underwear
  27. 27. Will be very affectionate but recoil when touched by others
  28. 28. School asks you if you are having any problems in your home </li>