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Eliptical sentence

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Pembelajaran Kalimat Eliptik

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Eliptical sentence

  1. 1. Eliptical Sentence (Kalimat Eliptik) Adalah : kalimat yang dihilangkan sebagian karena bagian yang dihilangkan tersebut memiliki kesamaan gramatikal dengan kalimat sebelumnya.
  2. 2. Pahami Contoh Berikut: <ul><li>I am a student, and my brother is too . </li></ul>kalimat yang di-eliptik-kan
  3. 3. <ul><li>He can operate a computer , and I can, too . </li></ul>Kalimat yang di-eliptik-kan
  4. 4. <ul><li>My father doesn’t like lamb, and my mother doesn’t either . </li></ul>kalimat yang dijadikan eliptik.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Ada kata – kata khusus yang digunakan untuk membuat kalimat eliptik yaitu: </li></ul><ul><li>too </li></ul><ul><li>so </li></ul>Hanya digunakan dalam kalimat positif 3. either 4. neither Hanya digunakan dalam kalimat negatif Keempat kata tersebut dalam bahasa Indonesia mempunyai arti yang sama yaitu “juga”. Namun cara meletakkan kata tersebut dalam kalimat berbeda.
  6. 6. Perhatikan Perbedaan Letak Kata “too” dan “so” dalam kalimat berikut <ul><li>A radio is an electronic media, and a TV is too . </li></ul><ul><li>A radio is an electronic media, and so is a TV. </li></ul>“ too” diletakkan di akhir kalimat “ so” diletakkan di tengah kalimat
  7. 7. Perhatikan Pula Perbedaan Letak Kata “either” dan “neither” dalam kalimat berikut: <ul><li>My father doesn’t like Indian films, and I don’t either . </li></ul><ul><li>My father doesn’t like Indian films, and neither do I. </li></ul>“ either” diletakkan di akhir kalimat “ neither” diletakkan di tengah kalimat
  8. 8. Latihan Pemahaman 2 <ul><li>Pilihlah kata yang tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat eliptik berikut ini. </li></ul><ul><li>Example : </li></ul><ul><li>1. I like English, and my sister does.......... </li></ul><ul><li> a. too </li></ul><ul><li> b. so </li></ul><ul><li> c. either </li></ul><ul><li> d. neither </li></ul>Kata yang tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat ini adalah “too”. karena kalimatnya positif dan terletak diakhir kalimat
  9. 9. Latihan Pemahaman 2 <ul><li>Example : </li></ul><ul><li>2. She will not go to the party, and......... will her sister. </li></ul><ul><li> a. too </li></ul><ul><li> b. so </li></ul><ul><li> c. either </li></ul><ul><li> d. neither </li></ul>Kata yang tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat ini adalah “neither”. karena kalimatnya negatif dan terletak di tengah kalimat
  10. 10. Latihan Pemahaman 2 <ul><li>1. You want to pass the exam, and I do...... </li></ul><ul><li> a. too </li></ul><ul><li> b. so </li></ul><ul><li> c. either </li></ul><ul><li> d. neither </li></ul>
  11. 11. Latihan Pemahaman 2 <ul><li>2. I can’t remember his name, and she can’t............ </li></ul><ul><li> a. too </li></ul><ul><li> b. so </li></ul><ul><li> c. either </li></ul><ul><li> d. neither </li></ul>
  12. 12. Latihan Pemahaman 2 <ul><li>3. English is a difficult subject, and ........is mathematics. </li></ul><ul><li> a. too </li></ul><ul><li> b. so </li></ul><ul><li> c. either </li></ul><ul><li> d. neither </li></ul>
  13. 13. Latihan Pemahaman 2 <ul><li>4. I’ve never been to Bali, and ............have my family. </li></ul><ul><li> a. too </li></ul><ul><li> b. so </li></ul><ul><li> c. either </li></ul><ul><li> d. neither </li></ul>
  14. 14. Latihan Pemahaman 2 <ul><li>5. I was ill yesterday, and ......were you. </li></ul><ul><li> a. too </li></ul><ul><li> b. so </li></ul><ul><li> c. either </li></ul><ul><li> d. neither </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cara Meng-eliptik-kan Kalimat <ul><li>Ingat ! </li></ul><ul><li>Kalimat Eliptik merupakan gabungan 2 (dua) buah kalimat yang memiliki Subjek berbeda tetapi bagian yang lainnya sama. Kalimat yang di-eliptik-kan adalah kalimat yang kedua. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Bila Predikat dalam kalimat mengandung “modals”(can, may, must, shall, will, could, might, should, would) maka “modals” yang sama digunakan pada kalimat yang dieliptikkan. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Example 1: <ul><li>She can sing “Indonesia Raya”. </li></ul><ul><li>I can sing “Indonesia Raya”. </li></ul>dieliptikkan menjadi : She can sing “Indonesia Raya, and I can , too. atau She can sing “Indonesia Raya, and so can I.
  18. 18. Example 2: <ul><li> The teachers shouldn’t smoke . </li></ul><ul><li>The students shouldn’t smoke. </li></ul><ul><li>The teachers shouldn’t smoke, and the students shouldn’t either </li></ul><ul><li>Atau </li></ul><ul><li>The teachers shouldn’t smoke and neither should the students. </li></ul>dibuat kalimat eliptik menjadi
  19. 19. <ul><li>Bila Predikat dalam kalimat mengandung “ to be ”( am, is, are, was, dan were ) maka “ to be ” yang digunakan pada kalimat yang dieliptikkan harus disesuaikan dengan Subjek pada kalimat yang dieliptikkan tersebut. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Example 1 <ul><li>I am an SMP student. </li></ul><ul><li>She is an SMP student. </li></ul><ul><li>I am an SMP student and she is, too. </li></ul>dibuat kalimat eliptik menjadi Sama - sama menggunakan “tobe” tetapi “tobe”-nya berbeda karena Subjeknya berbeda
  21. 21. Example 2 <ul><li>He wasn’t here yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>We weren’t here yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>He wasn’t here yesterday, and we weren’t either </li></ul><ul><li>Atau </li></ul><ul><li>He wasn’t here yesterday, and neither were we. </li></ul>dibuat kalimat eliptik menjadi
  22. 22. Latihan Pemahaman 3 <ul><li>Gabungkan pasangan kalimat berikut menjadi kalimat eliptik. Gunakan kata pembentuk eliptik yang sesuai dengan kalimat tersebut. </li></ul><ul><li>Ingat! Kalimat Positif gunakan “too “atau “so”, dan Kalimat Negatif gunakan “either” atau “neither” </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>I must study hard. </li></ul><ul><li>Everybody must study hard. </li></ul><ul><li>You say : </li></ul><ul><li>I must study hard, and everybody must, too. </li></ul><ul><li>Atau : </li></ul><ul><li>I must study hard, and so must everybody. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>He mustn’t cheat in the test. </li></ul><ul><li>We mustn’t cheat in the teast. </li></ul><ul><li>You say : </li></ul><ul><li>He mustn’t cheat in the test, and we mustn’t either. </li></ul><ul><li>Atau : </li></ul><ul><li>He mustn’t cheat in the test, and neither must we. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>He is a diligent student. </li></ul><ul><li>You are a diligent student. </li></ul><ul><li>You say : </li></ul><ul><li>He is a diligent student, and you are too. </li></ul><ul><li>Atau : </li></ul><ul><li>He is a diligent student, and so are you. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Ridwan isn’t reading now. </li></ul><ul><li>His brothers aren’t reading now. </li></ul><ul><li>You say : </li></ul><ul><li>Ridwan isn’t reading now,and his brothers aren’t either. </li></ul><ul><li>Atau : </li></ul><ul><li>Ridwan isn’t reading now,and neither are his brothers. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>5. The President will come to the ceremony. </li></ul><ul><li> The Vice President will come to the ceremony. </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>6. You shouldn’t watch TV too long. </li></ul><ul><li>Your brother shouldn’t watch TV too long. </li></ul><ul><li>-> ________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>-> _______________________________ </li></ul>The president will come to the ceremony, and the vice president will too The president will come to the ceremony, and so will the vice president. You shouldn’t watch TV too long, and your brother shouldn’t either. You shouldn’t watch TV too long, and neither should your brother .
  28. 28. <ul><li>7. She was on holiday last week. </li></ul><ul><li>Her children were on holiday last week. </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>8. Vitamins are not produced by our body. </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals are not produced by our body. </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>She was on holiday last week, and her children were too. She was on holiday last week, and so were her children. Vitamins are not produced by our body, and minerals aren’t either. Vitamins are not produced by our body, neither are and minerals .
  29. 29. <ul><li>9. Men can’t live without water. </li></ul><ul><li>Animals can’t live without water. </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>10. They are standing in a queue. </li></ul><ul><li>I am standing in a queue. </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Men can’t live without water, and animals can’t either. Men can’t live without water, and neither can animals. They are standing in a queue, and I am too They are standing in a queue, so am I
  30. 30. intermezzo
  31. 31. <ul><li>Bila Predikat dalam kalimat hanya berupa kata kerja penuh bentuk I (simple present), maka dalam kalimat eliptik kata kerja tersebut harus diganti dengan “do” atau “does”. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Example 1. <ul><li>He goes to SMP 1 Bungbulang. </li></ul><ul><li>I go to SMP 1 Bungbulang. </li></ul><ul><li>dibuat kalimat eliptik menjadi: </li></ul><ul><li>He goes to SMP 1 Bungbulang, and I do too. </li></ul><ul><li>Atau : </li></ul><ul><li>He goes to SMP 1 Bungbulang,and so do I </li></ul>kata kerja “go” diganti dengan kata bantu “do”
  33. 33. Example 2. <ul><li>Animals need water to live. </li></ul><ul><li>Plants need water to live. </li></ul><ul><li>dibuat kalimat eliptik menjadi: </li></ul><ul><li>Animals need water to live, and plants do too. </li></ul><ul><li>Atau : </li></ul><ul><li>Animals need water to live,and so do plants. </li></ul>kata kerja “need” diganti dengan kata bantu “do”
  34. 34. Example 3 <ul><li>I like news programs on TV. </li></ul><ul><li>My father likes news programs on TV. </li></ul><ul><li>dibuat kalimat eliptik menjadi: </li></ul><ul><li>I like news programs on TV, and my father does too. </li></ul><ul><li>Atau </li></ul><ul><li>I like news programs on TV, and so does my father. </li></ul>kata kerja “likes” diganti dengan kata bantu “does”
  35. 35. QUIZ TIME <ul><li>Gabungkan pasangan kalimat berikut menjadi kalimat eliptik. Gunakan kata pembentuk eliptik yang sesuai dengan kalimat tersebut. </li></ul><ul><li>Ingat! Kalimat Positif gunakan “too “atau “so”, dan Kalimat Negatif gunakan “either” atau “neither” </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>1. She likes Sundanese food. </li></ul><ul><li>I like Sundanese food. </li></ul><ul><li>You write : </li></ul><ul><li>She likes Sundanese food,and I do , too. </li></ul><ul><li>Or you can also say: </li></ul><ul><li>She likes Sundanese food,and so do I. </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>2. They don’t subscribe the paper. </li></ul><ul><li> You don’t subscribe the paper. </li></ul><ul><li>You write: </li></ul><ul><li>They don’t subscribe the paper,and you don’t either. </li></ul><ul><li>Or you can also say: </li></ul><ul><li>They don’t subscribe the paper, and neither do you. </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>3. A buffalo eats grass. </li></ul><ul><li> A cow eats grass. </li></ul><ul><li>You write: </li></ul><ul><li>A buffalo eats grass, and a cow does, too. </li></ul><ul><li>Or you can also say: </li></ul><ul><li>A buffalo eats grass,and so does a cow. </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>4. We don’t like alcoholic drink. </li></ul><ul><li> He doesn’t like alcoholic drink. </li></ul><ul><li>You write: </li></ul><ul><li>We don’t like alcoholic drink, and he doesn’t either. </li></ul><ul><li>Or you can also say: </li></ul><ul><li>We don’t like alcoholic drink,and neither does he. </li></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>Newspapers get money from ads. </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines get money from ads. </li></ul><ul><li>You write: </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers get money from ads,and magazines do , too. </li></ul><ul><li>or you can write: </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers get money from ads,and so do magazines. </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>6. My mother likes reading. </li></ul><ul><li>My father likes reading. </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>7. I don’t understand what he said. </li></ul><ul><li>They don’t understand what he said. </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>-> _________________________________________________ </li></ul>My mother likes reading, and my father does too My mother likes reading, and so does my father I don’t understand what he said, and they don’t either. I don’t understand what he said, and neither do they.
  42. 42. <ul><li>Bila Predikat dalam kalimat hanya berupa kata kerja penuh bentuk II (simple past), maka dalam kalimat eliptik kata kerja tersebut harus diganti dengan “did”. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Example 1 <ul><li>They played football yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>We played football yerterday. </li></ul><ul><li>dieliptikkan menjadi: </li></ul><ul><li>They played football yesterday, and we did too. </li></ul><ul><li>Or : </li></ul><ul><li>They played football yesterday, and so did we. </li></ul>kata kerja “played” diganti dengan kata bantu “did”
  44. 44. Example 2 <ul><li>Students went to school yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers went to school yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>dieliptikkan menjadi: </li></ul><ul><li>Students went to school yesterday,and teachers did too. </li></ul><ul><li>Or : </li></ul><ul><li>Students went to school yesterday,and so did teachers . </li></ul>kata kerja “went” diganti dengan kata bantu “did”
  45. 45. QUIZ TIME <ul><li>Gabungkan pasangan kalimat berikut menjadi kalimat eliptik. Gunakan kata pembentuk eliptik yang sesuai dengan kalimat tersebut. </li></ul><ul><li>Ingat! “too “diletakkan di akhir kalimat eliptik dan “so” diletakkan di awal kalimat eliftik. </li></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>Jakarta suffered from floods. </li></ul><ul><li>Bandung suffered from floods. </li></ul><ul><li>Jakarta suffered from floods, and Bandung did too. </li></ul><ul><li>Or : </li></ul><ul><li>Jakarta suffered from floods, and so did Bandung. </li></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><li>2. I came late to school. </li></ul><ul><li>She came late to school. </li></ul><ul><li>I came late to school,and she did too . </li></ul><ul><li>Or: </li></ul><ul><li>I came late to school,and so did she. </li></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><li>3. I watched the film. </li></ul><ul><li>My sister watched the film. </li></ul><ul><li>I watched the film,and my sister did too . </li></ul><ul><li>Or : </li></ul><ul><li>I watched the film,and so did my sister. </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>4. I got up late this morning. </li></ul><ul><li> My brother got up late this morning. </li></ul><ul><li>I got up late this morning,and my brother did too . </li></ul><ul><li>Or: </li></ul><ul><li>I got up late this morning,and so did my brother. </li></ul>
  50. 50. <ul><li>5. Badminton got gold medals in SEA GAMES. </li></ul><ul><li>Volley ball got gold medals in SEA GAMES. </li></ul><ul><li>Badminton got gold medals in SEA GAMES,and Volley ball did too . </li></ul><ul><li>Or: </li></ul><ul><li>Badminton got gold medals in SEA GAMES,and so did volley ball. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Latihan 6 <ul><li>Lengkapilah Kalimat Eliptik berikut dengan kata pembentuk eliptik ( too, so, either, </li></ul><ul><li>neither ) dan “auxiliary” ( tobe, modal, do, does, did ). </li></ul>
  52. 52. <ul><li>Example : </li></ul><ul><li>My mother goes to the market every Sunday, and my aunt............................... </li></ul><ul><li>Answer : </li></ul><ul><li>does too. </li></ul>
  53. 53. <ul><li>1. The President will come to the ceremony,and the Vice </li></ul><ul><li>President................... </li></ul><ul><li>2. Mrs.Erna teaches English,and ....................Mrs.Nina. </li></ul><ul><li>3. He didn’t answer the question correctly, and I.................. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Rizal made one mistake in the test, and .............. Annisa. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Indonesia is the member of UN, and Thailand................ </li></ul><ul><li>6. We should keep this room clean, and .......................they. </li></ul><ul><li>7. I can’t remember his name, and she ............ </li></ul><ul><li>8. You want to pass the exam, and I.................... </li></ul>will too. so does didn’t either so did is too so should can’t either do too
  54. 54. Latihan 7 <ul><li>Responlah kalimat berikut ini dengan menggunakan kalimat eliptik. Gunakan “So........I” untuk merespon pernyataan positif dan gunakan “Neither.........I” untuk merespon pernyataan negatif. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Example: <ul><li>Your friend : I am hungry now. </li></ul><ul><li>You : </li></ul><ul><li> Let’s go to the canteen,then. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Your friend : I can’t anwser question number 5. </li></ul><ul><li>You : </li></ul><ul><li> Let’s ask our friends,then. </li></ul>So am I Neither can I
  56. 56. <ul><li>Your friend : I am sleepy now </li></ul><ul><li>You : </li></ul><ul><li> Let’s have some coffee,then. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Your friend : I can’t understand what she explained. </li></ul><ul><li>You : </li></ul><ul><li> Let’s ask her to explain one more time,then. </li></ul>So am I Neither can I
  57. 57. <ul><li>3. Your friend : I am tired now </li></ul><ul><li>You : </li></ul><ul><li> Let’s take a rest,then. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Your friend : I didn’t do my home work. </li></ul><ul><li>You : </li></ul><ul><li> Let’s do it now,then. </li></ul>So am I Neither did I
  58. 58. <ul><li>5. Your friend: I don’t like horror films. </li></ul><ul><li>You : </li></ul><ul><li> Let’s find another film,then. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Your friend : I am not ready to go now. </li></ul><ul><li>You : </li></ul><ul><li> Let’s go later,then. </li></ul>Neither am I Neither do I
  59. 59. <ul><li>7. Your friend : I will go to the beach tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>You : </li></ul><ul><li> Let’s go together,then. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Your friend : I like reading detective stories. </li></ul><ul><li>You : </li></ul><ul><li> So we have the same hobby,then. </li></ul>So will I So do I
  60. 60. <ul><li>9. Your friend : I got 9 in the English test. </li></ul><ul><li>You : </li></ul><ul><li> So we got the same mark,then. </li></ul><ul><li>10. Your friend : I’ve never been to the new bookstore,yet. </li></ul><ul><li>You : </li></ul><ul><li> What about going there next Sunday? </li></ul>So did I Neither have I
  61. 61. That’s all. <ul><li>Thanks for joining us we’ll see next time. </li></ul><ul><li>Good bye! </li></ul>

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