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Adjective Clause
(Klausa Adjektif)
What do you think ?
ilustrasi
Saya suka buku............ada di atas meja itu.
Kata apa yang cocok untuk mengisi titik –
titik di atas?
yang
Sebelum lebih jauh berbicara tentang
“adjective clause”. Terlebih dahulu pelajari
istilah – istilah berikut ini:
1. Clause ( Klausa) adalah :
sekelompok kata yang mengandung
sebuah subjek dan sebuah kata kerja
(verb).
2. Independent Clause ( Klausa Independen)
adalah :
kalimat lengkap yang mengandung sebuah
subjek dan sebuah kata kerja (v...
3. Dependent Clause ( Klausa Independen)
adalah :
kalimat tidak lengkap yang harus
dihubungkan kepada sebuah “Independent
...
Adjective Clause (Klausa Adjektif)
adalah :
sebuah “dependent clause” yang
memodifikasi sebuah kata benda yang
bertujuan u...
Example
I like the book which is on the table.
disebut
Independent Clause
disebut
Dependent Clause
Klausa Adjective biasanya diawali oleh
kata yang disebut “re lative pro no un” atau
kata ganti penghubung yang berfungsi
u...
Macam – Macam
Kata Ganti Penghubung
(Relative Pronouns)
a. who
b. whom
c. whose
d. which
e. that
Some Examples
The man who cam e he re just no w is
Mr.Wahyu.
(Pria yang baru saja datang ke sini adalah Pak
Wahyu)
disebut...
Some Examples
The film which Isaw last nig ht was very
good.
(Film yang saya lihat tadi m alam sangat
bagus)
disebut
“Adje...
Some Examples
The girls who m Im e t in the party last nig ht
are very friendly.
(Gadis – gadis yang saya jum pai di pe st...
Some Examples
The boy whose father died looks very sad.
(=Anak lelaki yang ayahnya meninggal itu
tampak sangat sedih.)dise...
Question 1
Tahukah kamu apa arti kata – kata :
- who,
- which,
- whom,
- whose,
yang terdapat dalam contoh kalimat tadi?
k...
Question 2
Karena keempat kata tersebut memiliki arti yang
sama dalam bahasa Indonesia,
- who,
- which,
- whom,
- whose,
D...
meskipun keempat “relative pronoun”
tersebut memiliki makna yang sama
dalam bahasa Indonesia, namun masing –
masing memili...
“who” dan “whom” hanya digunakan untuk
kata ganti penghubung “orang”.
Sedangkan “which” digunakan untuk kata
ganti penghub...
Perhatikan Contoh Berikut!
I thanked the man who helped me.
orang
kata hubung
(Relative Pronoun)
untuk orang
Adjective cla...
Perhatikan Contoh Berikut!
They killed the dog which bit a boy.
benda bukan orang
kata hubung
(Relative Pronoun)
untuk ben...
Complete these sentences with
who or which.
1. I don’t know the girl ........... talked with
you.
orang
Relative Pronoun U...
Complete these sentences with
who or which.
2. The book ........... You bought yesterday
is very good.
benda
Relative Pron...
Complete these sentences with
who or which.
3. She wants a magazine...........has alot of
picture in it.
benda
Relative Pr...
Complete these sentences with
who or which.
4. The police caught the thief ...........stole
my money.
orang
Relative Prono...
Complete these sentences with
who or which.
1. Did you see someone ...........went out
from this room?
orang
Relative Pron...
Apa perbedaan antara
who, whom, dan whose?
Untuk menjawab pertanyaan di atas,
perhatikan contoh – contoh kalimat berikut
i...
1.The man who drives an aeroplane is
called a pilot
Relative Pronoun
Verb (kata kerja)
2.The film was about a man who fought
against the corruption.
Relative Pronoun
Verb (kata kerja)
3.The man whom I met in the party a pilot
Relative Pronoun
Subject
4.I will visit the doctor whom you talked
about.
Relative Pronoun
Subject
5.The man whose son died looked sad.
Relative Pronoun
Benda
6.President Susilo will visit the people
whose houses were damage by floods.
Relative
Pronoun
Benda
QUIZ
Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose!
1. The man .............she married with left
her a month after they go...
QUIZ
Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose!
2. I met the girl …………you saw in the
party.
whom
subject
QUIZ
Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose!
3. They visited the man …………….bought
a new car.
who
verb
QUIZ
Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose!
4. Has he talked to the girl .............. book he
borrowed yesterday?...
QUIZ
Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose!
5. The woman ……….. car was stolen
called the police.
whose
noun
QUIZ
Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose!
6. The servant .................broke the vase
apologized for her carel...
QUIZ
Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose!
7. I apologized to the woman.............I
spilled her coffee.
whom
sub...
QUIZ
Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose!
8. They met the woman...............husband is
the president of the cor...
QUIZ
Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose!
9. The passengers..............came late missed
the train.
who
Verb
QUIZ
Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose!
10. The profesor...............theory used
everywhere died at the age o...
Bagaimana dengan
Relative Clause (kata hubung) “that”?
Semua kalimat yang menggunakan
kata hubung (relative clause)
who, w...
Examples
The passengers..............came late missed
the train.
The passengers..............came late missed
the train.
w...
I apologized to the woman.............I spilled
her coffee.
I apologized to the woman.............I spilled
her coffee.
wh...
The film I saw last night was very
good.
The film I saw last night was very
good.
dapat diganti
dengan “that”
that
which
That’s it for now.
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Adjective clause

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Adjective clause

  1. 1.   
  2. 2. Adjective Clause (Klausa Adjektif) What do you think ?
  3. 3. ilustrasi Saya suka buku............ada di atas meja itu. Kata apa yang cocok untuk mengisi titik – titik di atas? yang
  4. 4. Sebelum lebih jauh berbicara tentang “adjective clause”. Terlebih dahulu pelajari istilah – istilah berikut ini:
  5. 5. 1. Clause ( Klausa) adalah : sekelompok kata yang mengandung sebuah subjek dan sebuah kata kerja (verb).
  6. 6. 2. Independent Clause ( Klausa Independen) adalah : kalimat lengkap yang mengandung sebuah subjek dan sebuah kata kerja (verb). Independent Clause disebut juga “main clause.”
  7. 7. 3. Dependent Clause ( Klausa Independen) adalah : kalimat tidak lengkap yang harus dihubungkan kepada sebuah “Independent Clause”.
  8. 8. Adjective Clause (Klausa Adjektif) adalah : sebuah “dependent clause” yang memodifikasi sebuah kata benda yang bertujuan untuk menjelaskan, mengidentifikasi, atau memberi informasi lebih lanjut tentang benda tersebut. Adjective Clause disebut juga Relative Clause.
  9. 9. Example I like the book which is on the table. disebut Independent Clause disebut Dependent Clause
  10. 10. Klausa Adjective biasanya diawali oleh kata yang disebut “re lative pro no un” atau kata ganti penghubung yang berfungsi untuk menghubungkan Kata Benda yang dijelaskan dengan Kalimat yang menjelaskannya.
  11. 11. Macam – Macam Kata Ganti Penghubung (Relative Pronouns) a. who b. whom c. whose d. which e. that
  12. 12. Some Examples The man who cam e he re just no w is Mr.Wahyu. (Pria yang baru saja datang ke sini adalah Pak Wahyu) disebut “Adjective Clause” yang berfungsi menjelaskan kata “man”
  13. 13. Some Examples The film which Isaw last nig ht was very good. (Film yang saya lihat tadi m alam sangat bagus) disebut “Adjective Clause” yang berfungsi Menjelaskan kata benda “film”
  14. 14. Some Examples The girls who m Im e t in the party last nig ht are very friendly. (Gadis – gadis yang saya jum pai di pe sta tadi m alam sangat ramah.) disebut “adjective clause” yang berfungsi untuk menjelaskan kata benda “girls”
  15. 15. Some Examples The boy whose father died looks very sad. (=Anak lelaki yang ayahnya meninggal itu tampak sangat sedih.)disebut “adjective clause” yang berfungsi untuk menjelaskan kata benda “boy”
  16. 16. Question 1 Tahukah kamu apa arti kata – kata : - who, - which, - whom, - whose, yang terdapat dalam contoh kalimat tadi? keempat kata tersebut mempunyai arti yang sama dalam bahasa Indonesia yaitu “yang”
  17. 17. Question 2 Karena keempat kata tersebut memiliki arti yang sama dalam bahasa Indonesia, - who, - which, - whom, - whose, Dapatkah kata – kata tersebut saling menggantikan? answer : = “yang” No ! OH, WHY?
  18. 18. meskipun keempat “relative pronoun” tersebut memiliki makna yang sama dalam bahasa Indonesia, namun masing – masing memiliki fungsi yang berbeda - beda.
  19. 19. “who” dan “whom” hanya digunakan untuk kata ganti penghubung “orang”. Sedangkan “which” digunakan untuk kata ganti penghubung “benda”
  20. 20. Perhatikan Contoh Berikut! I thanked the man who helped me. orang kata hubung (Relative Pronoun) untuk orang Adjective clause
  21. 21. Perhatikan Contoh Berikut! They killed the dog which bit a boy. benda bukan orang kata hubung (Relative Pronoun) untuk benda Adjective clause
  22. 22. Complete these sentences with who or which. 1. I don’t know the girl ........... talked with you. orang Relative Pronoun Untuk Orang who
  23. 23. Complete these sentences with who or which. 2. The book ........... You bought yesterday is very good. benda Relative Pronoun Untuk Benda which
  24. 24. Complete these sentences with who or which. 3. She wants a magazine...........has alot of picture in it. benda Relative Pronoun Untuk Benda which
  25. 25. Complete these sentences with who or which. 4. The police caught the thief ...........stole my money. orang Relative Pronoun Untuk Orang who
  26. 26. Complete these sentences with who or which. 1. Did you see someone ...........went out from this room? orang Relative Pronoun Untuk Orang who
  27. 27. Apa perbedaan antara who, whom, dan whose? Untuk menjawab pertanyaan di atas, perhatikan contoh – contoh kalimat berikut ini
  28. 28. 1.The man who drives an aeroplane is called a pilot Relative Pronoun Verb (kata kerja)
  29. 29. 2.The film was about a man who fought against the corruption. Relative Pronoun Verb (kata kerja)
  30. 30. 3.The man whom I met in the party a pilot Relative Pronoun Subject
  31. 31. 4.I will visit the doctor whom you talked about. Relative Pronoun Subject
  32. 32. 5.The man whose son died looked sad. Relative Pronoun Benda
  33. 33. 6.President Susilo will visit the people whose houses were damage by floods. Relative Pronoun Benda
  34. 34. QUIZ Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose! 1. The man .............she married with left her a month after they got married. whom subject
  35. 35. QUIZ Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose! 2. I met the girl …………you saw in the party. whom subject
  36. 36. QUIZ Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose! 3. They visited the man …………….bought a new car. who verb
  37. 37. QUIZ Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose! 4. Has he talked to the girl .............. book he borrowed yesterday? whose noun
  38. 38. QUIZ Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose! 5. The woman ……….. car was stolen called the police. whose noun
  39. 39. QUIZ Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose! 6. The servant .................broke the vase apologized for her carelessness. who verb
  40. 40. QUIZ Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose! 7. I apologized to the woman.............I spilled her coffee. whom subject
  41. 41. QUIZ Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose! 8. They met the woman...............husband is the president of the corporation. whose Noun
  42. 42. QUIZ Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose! 9. The passengers..............came late missed the train. who Verb
  43. 43. QUIZ Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose! 10. The profesor...............theory used everywhere died at the age of 70. whose Noun
  44. 44. Bagaimana dengan Relative Clause (kata hubung) “that”? Semua kalimat yang menggunakan kata hubung (relative clause) who, whom dan which dapat diganti dengan kata hubung (relative clause) “that”.
  45. 45. Examples The passengers..............came late missed the train. The passengers..............came late missed the train. who that dapat diganti oleh:
  46. 46. I apologized to the woman.............I spilled her coffee. I apologized to the woman.............I spilled her coffee. whom that dapat diganti dengan “that”
  47. 47. The film I saw last night was very good. The film I saw last night was very good. dapat diganti dengan “that” that which
  48. 48. That’s it for now.

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