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MODERNISM IN ART: <br />AN INTRODUCTION<br />In Jeopardy: <br />Idealism, Authenticity, Universality and the Avant-Garde<b...
Crisis of Modernism?<br />
Crisis of Modernism?<br />The term modernity was developed alongside the development of the capitalist state.  Modernisati...
The Death of the Avant-Garde<br />Conservative American art critic Hilton Kramer wrote about the death of the avant-gardes...
The Death of Modernism?<br />'Modern Architecture died in St Louis, Missouri on July 15, 1972 at 3.32pm or thereabouts whe...
The Death of Modernism?<br />For Jencks, the social goals of the Modern Movement had been hijacked by commercial interests...
The Death of Modernism?<br />You might equally well argue that 'modern' died on the day, in 1929, that Alfred Barr and the...
A Modern Utopia?<br />Whilst Modernism attempted to represent the experiences and ramifications of modernity through artis...
From Bauhaus to Our House<br />Modernist architecture was shaped by developments in painting, such as the geometry of puri...
The Spectre of Modernism<br />We live with the legacy of modernism. The buildings we inhabit, the chairs that we sit on, t...
The Spectre of Modernism<br />There would appear to be an urge on the part of many contemporary artists to revisit the aes...
The Modern Lovers?<br /><ul><li> A new generation of artists is again increasingly addressing the legacy of modernity and ...
 What has prompted contemporary artists to investigate modernity and modernism, its aesthetic manifestation?
 What are these artists' relationships to the promises and formal languages of modernity?
 How can this historical era even be critically reflected in and be subjected to a re-evaluation?
 Artists are researching modernity from their perspective and with their own means</li></li></ul><li>The Modern Lovers?<br...
The Modern Lovers?<br />Toby Paterson, Consensus and Collapse (2010)<br />
The Modern Lovers?<br />Joanne Tatham & Tom O'Sullivan<br />Eva Rothschild<br />
The Modern Lovers?<br />Daria Martin<br />
The Modern Lovers?<br />Lucy McKenzie<br />
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In jeopardy idealism, authenticity, universality and the avant-garde

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In jeopardy idealism, authenticity, universality and the avant-garde

  1. 1. MODERNISM IN ART: <br />AN INTRODUCTION<br />In Jeopardy: <br />Idealism, Authenticity, Universality and the Avant-Garde<br />
  2. 2. Crisis of Modernism?<br />
  3. 3. Crisis of Modernism?<br />The term modernity was developed alongside the development of the capitalist state. Modernisation is a diverse unity of socio-economic changes generated by scientific and technological discoveries. <br />Modernity was born by what are called grand narratives in the jargon of the post-modernists. In simple language, Grand Narratives are big ideas which give sense and direction in life. Such ideas are truth, reason, tradition, religion, morality, ideology, etc.<br />
  4. 4. The Death of the Avant-Garde<br />Conservative American art critic Hilton Kramer wrote about the death of the avant-gardes in his The Age of the Avant-Garde (1973). He situates the avant-garde from the 1850s (Courbet) until the 1950s (abstract expressionism) and defines it as art that meets with resistance from society at large.<br />
  5. 5. The Death of Modernism?<br />'Modern Architecture died in St Louis, Missouri on July 15, 1972 at 3.32pm or thereabouts when the infamous Pruitt-Igoe scheme, or rather several of its slab blocks, were given the final coup de grace by dynamite.’ <br />Charles Jencks. The Language of Post Modern Architecture<br />
  6. 6. The Death of Modernism?<br />For Jencks, the social goals of the Modern Movement had been hijacked by commercial interests, emptying their forms of their original content. Faced with consumerism in the West and state capitalism in the East, the contemporary architect had no choice, if he/she wanted to re-establish a certain purpose for his/her work, but to use a language understood by the local culture. The heroic attempts of the Modernists to establish a universal language expressive of and conducive to greater social goals had clearly failed. <br />
  7. 7. The Death of Modernism?<br />You might equally well argue that 'modern' died on the day, in 1929, that Alfred Barr and the Rockefellers captured it and put it in a museum, New York's MoMA, thereby turning a huge cultural force into a mere stylistic category. But to argue that is to risk losing yourself in a quagmire of definitions that has clouded the understanding of the modern movement from the start. 'Modern' isn't the same as 'modernism'. One can be equated with contemporary, the other has come to mean a very particular creative approach.<br />
  8. 8. A Modern Utopia?<br />Whilst Modernism attempted to represent the experiences and ramifications of modernity through artistic forms, design etc. the modernist generation also produced utopian ideologies such as communism, fascism, and futurism.<br />
  9. 9. From Bauhaus to Our House<br />Modernist architecture was shaped by developments in painting, such as the geometry of purism - Le Corbusier's architecture was a response to the spatial exploration of cubism - and influenced by cultural innovation in many different fields, from James Joyce's radical experiments in writing to Sigmund Freud's pioneering psychoanalysis. <br />Centre Le Corbusier<br />
  10. 10. The Spectre of Modernism<br />We live with the legacy of modernism. The buildings we inhabit, the chairs that we sit on, the graphic design that surrounds us have all been created by the aesthetics and the ideology of modernist design.<br />We live in an era that still identifies itself in terms of modernism, as postmodernist or even post postmodernist. <br />Mark Kostabi, Suicide By Modernism, 2005<br />
  11. 11. The Spectre of Modernism<br />There would appear to be an urge on the part of many contemporary artists to revisit the aesthetics and politics of the modern with a view as much to reanimating its radical possibilities as to mourning the dwindling forms, the ruins of what was left behind.<br />
  12. 12. The Modern Lovers?<br /><ul><li> A new generation of artists is again increasingly addressing the legacy of modernity and modernism and the failure of the utopia associated with these terms
  13. 13. What has prompted contemporary artists to investigate modernity and modernism, its aesthetic manifestation?
  14. 14. What are these artists' relationships to the promises and formal languages of modernity?
  15. 15. How can this historical era even be critically reflected in and be subjected to a re-evaluation?
  16. 16. Artists are researching modernity from their perspective and with their own means</li></li></ul><li>The Modern Lovers?<br />Toby Paterson, Consensus and Collapse (2010)<br />
  17. 17. The Modern Lovers?<br />Toby Paterson, Consensus and Collapse (2010)<br />
  18. 18. The Modern Lovers?<br />Joanne Tatham & Tom O'Sullivan<br />Eva Rothschild<br />
  19. 19. The Modern Lovers?<br />Daria Martin<br />
  20. 20. The Modern Lovers?<br />Lucy McKenzie<br />
  21. 21. The Modern Lovers?<br />Cheung’s work features Le Corbusier’s post-war housing block Unite d’ Habitation, a vertical garden city containing elements of a small town in one building…in Cheung’s version it is a collapsing utopian vision.<br />Gordon Cheung<br />
  22. 22. References<br /><ul><li> Lane, Jim. Modern Art: the War (2001)http://www.humanitiesweb.org/human.php?s=g&p=a&a=i&ID=1001
  23. 23. Clark, T.J.B. (1999) Farewell to an Idea. Episodes from a History of Modernism
  24. 24. Hall, Stewart. 'Museums of Modern Art and the End of History' conference at the Tate Gallery, London, May 1999 </li></ul>http://www.iniva.org/library/archive/people/h/hall_stuart/museums_of_modern_art_and_the_end_of_history<br /><ul><li> Danto, Arthur C. (1996) ‘Introduction: Modern, Postmodern, and Contemporary’, After the End of Art: Contemporary Art and the Pale of History
  25. 25. Lyotard, Jean-François. The Postmodern Condition (1979) publ. Manchester University Press, 1984. The First 5 Chapters of main body of work are reproduced here: http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/fr/lyotard.htm
  26. 26. Is modernism dead?</li></ul>http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/artblog/2007/nov/07/ismodernismdead<br />
  27. 27. References cont…<br /><ul><li> Sudjic, Deyan. Modernism: the idea that just won’t go away. The Observer, Sunday 29 January 2006 </li></ul>http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2006/jan/29/architecture.modernism<br /><ul><li> Lewis, Mark. Is Modernity our Antiquity? Afterall Journal</li></ul>http://www.afterall.org/journal/issue.14/modernity.our.antiquity<br />

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