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Teachers training


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Teachers training

  1. 1. Primary & Secondary Education Debjani Roy December 22, 2004
  2. 2. Discussion Outline• Education• Present Environment• Primary School• Middle School• Senior School• Group Discussions, Role Play• Q&A
  3. 3. ABC Education• ABC Education is one of the worlds leading publishers of Teaching materials for teachers and students.• For over 25 years the company has successfully worked with teachers, students, institutions, educational authorities and Ministries of Education to provide teaching materials and teacher training support that meet changing curriculum and classroom needs.• ABC Education’s relationship with customers goes beyond the provision of quality teaching materials; experts are available to offer information, advice and training to teachers through a responsive network of overseas companies and offices in over 40 countries.• ABC Education is committed to ensuring the timely delivery of its materials and services to its customers at affordable prices. In addition, the company boasts a growing network of internationally and regionally based websites providing market-specific information on all of its products and services.• The company has worked with governments and local authors throughout these regions to develop leading primary and secondary materials for all areas of the curriculum.
  4. 4. Present EnvironmentThe tremendous growth of Information Technology during the past two decadeshas indeed set the educational planners thinking. The thoughts have mainlyconcentrated in the following areas: • Using technology in planning of lessons. • Nature of class rooms tomorrow. • Integrating technology with school education. • Use of Multimedia and Internet to benefit learning. • Teachers becoming facilitators for learning. • Interactive learning where the teachers also learn from children in addition to children learning from their peers. • Sharing of lessons, assignments and evaluation of performance through the Internet. • Coping up with curriculum while learning to use technology. • Evaluation philosophies and techniques. Forum for Computer Education in Schools In association with Indiatimes Information Technology in schools in the new millennium By A N Warhadpande
  5. 5. Should we ape? "I cannot say that everything is wrong with the Indian Education system, if that were the case we would not have seen so many top professionals who are Indians in the developed countries.“ Dr. Karan SinghA country or an individual cannot become great just by copying someone else. To progress, it is absolutely necessary to:  examine the environment,  the state of technology,  availability and quality of both material and human resources.In short, every project needs to be individually studied.We certainly have to take advantage of the facilities provided by technology inall walks of life including education. In education, we are dealing with children and we do not immediately see what good or bad we are doing for them, it is revealed several years later.
  6. 6. Recent Discussions A lot has been said, written and discussed by various specialists in various forums on these topics.After being exposed to the various thoughts on the subject one gets totally lost!
  7. 7. and Parents… One hears parents say very proudly "My child is only three years old and spends hours with the computer, hearing stories, seeing pictures and interacting with the machine". Some people have already started saying, "If Internet is not brought to school, children will have to interrupt their learning for coming to school".
  8. 8. RepercussionsWith a little reflection, the questions that dominates are: "Have we seriously thought about what a child should be exposed to in say 10 to 12 years of schooling?" What about getting used to living in a society? Can we human beings spend our lives with a machine for company? Will we be happy to get help and assistance from machines only instead of advice and guidance from parents, elders and even peers? Will the machines be more satisfying friends than live human beings?
  9. 9. Some more…• On the other hand we complain that the use of technology by children do not learn the basic concepts.• They should have a facility to get answers to their questions as and when questions occur to their mind. So! Every child should have a multi -media system with an Internet access at all times.• We talk about using technology to facilitate all our work. Children should carry their computers to school and back, instead of having a load of books and notebooks.It should be of great concern to see that so much thought is going into howteaching and learning should take place and nobody talks about what shouldbe taught or learnt.
  10. 10. Exploring Information Technology Primary School Class - I
  11. 11. Suggested Lesson Plan• Introduction to a Computer • Uses of a Computer  Day 1 - Multimedia (L)  Day 1 – Paintbrush (L)  Day 2 - Natural & Man made Things  Day 2 – Uses of a Computer (T) (T)  Day 3 – Uses of a Computer (L)  Day 3 – Paintbrush (L)  Day 4 – Quiz & Reward (T)  Day 4 – Quiz & Reward (T) • Computers at Work• What is a Computer  Day 1 – Multimedia (L)  Day 1 - Paintbrush (L)  Day 2 - Computers at Work (T)  Day 2 - What is a Computer (T)  Day 3 – Paintbrush (L)  Day 3 - What is a Computer (L)  Day 4 – Quiz & Reward (T)  Day 4 - Quiz & Reward (T) • The Keyboard• Parts of a Computer  Day 1 – Identify Keys (L)  Day 1 – Multimedia (L)  Day 2 – The Keyboard (T)  Day 2 – Parts of a Computer (T)  Day 3 – Typing in Notepad (L)  Day 3 – Parts of a Computer (L)  Day 4 – Quiz & Reward (T)  Day 4 – Quiz & Reward (T)
  12. 12. 1. Introduction to a ComputerNatural Things Mountains Trees Oceans
  13. 13. Introduction to a ComputerMan Made Things Buildings Furniture Ship
  14. 14. Introduction to a ComputerMan made Machines to help us do our work Planes Calculators Mixers
  15. 15. Introduction to a ComputerA computer is a machine It helps me to do sums 2+2=4 I can store information on the computer Information: Things I want to remember!
  16. 16. QuizIdentify the Following:
  17. 17. Quiz[] Natural [] Man made [] Natural [] Man made [] Natural [] Man made[] Natural [] Man made [] Natural [] Man made [] Natural [] Man made [] Natural [] Man made [] Natural [] Man made[] Natural [] Man made
  18. 18. 2. Parts of a Computer Keyboard Monitor CPU Box
  19. 19. Inside the CPU Box CD Drive CPU Floppy Drive
  20. 20. Parts of a Computer Mouse Joystick Microphone Light Pen
  21. 21. Parts of a Computer Speakers Printer Scanner
  22. 22. Parts of a Computer UPS Modem
  23. 23. QuizIdentify the parts of a computer Monitor Keyboard Mouse CD Floppy CPU Box
  24. 24. Fill in the Blanks• C_U is the brain of the computer• M_U_E is used to draw pictures• You can take a printout of your work with a P_ _N_E_.• M_ _ _O_H_ _E is used to record your voice.• M_D_ _ is used to connect to the Internet.
  25. 25. 2. Uses of a Computer
  26. 26. Uses of a Computer 2+2=4 8–2=6
  27. 27. Uses of a Computer
  28. 28. Uses of a Computer
  29. 29. Uses of a Computer
  30. 30. Suggested Activities• Play a movie on the computer• Visit computerized Railway ticket counter• Drawing with Paintbrush• Playing games on the computer
  31. 31. Quiz• Computers can play music []• Computers cannot do calculations []• You can draw pictures with a computer []• You cannot play games on a computer []• Computers can think []• You can watch movies on a computer []• Computers can work very fast []
  32. 32. QuizFill in the Blanks:• You can play G_M_S on a computer• S_ _ _K_ _S produce sound on a computer• You can write L_ _T_R on a computer• You can draw a P_ _T_R_ with the hep of a computer• You can watch a M_ _I_ on a computer
  33. 33. 4. Computers at Work Education Airports Offices Medical Railway Stations Space and Research
  34. 34. Quiz• Computers are used in offices []• Computers are found in Parks []• Computers help us fly aero planes []• Computers help us book tickets []• Computers are not used in Hospitals []• We use computers in schools []
  35. 35. QuizFill in the blanks• Computers help in treating patients at H_ _P_ _ _LS• Computers help in O_F_ _ _ work• Computers help in teaching at S_ _O_ _S• Computers help in booking tickets at A_ _ _O_ _S
  36. 36. 5. Computer KeyboardThe keyboard is used for typing• The keyboard has alphabet keys WE USE THE LETTER KEYS TO TYPE LETTERS
  37. 37. The Keyboard• The keyboard has Number keysWE USE THE NUMBER KEYS TO TYPE NUMBERS• The keyboard has Function keys Function keys do special things!
  38. 38. The Keyboard• The keyboard has Arrow keysWE USE ARROW KEYS TO MOVE UP AND DOWN OR RIGHT AND LEFT ON THE SCREEN
  39. 39. Exercise• Type your name on the keyboard• Color the keys of your name on the keyboard
  40. 40. ExerciseMatch the following:• Alphabet keys• Numeric keys• Function keys• Arrow keys
  41. 41. Top Banana Award! Your child has won the Top Banana Award Today!! Class Teacher
  42. 42. Topper Award to let you know Your child topped the Quiz today! Class Teacher
  43. 43. Bright Boy AwardYour child has been the Bright Boy today… Class Teacher
  44. 44. Star Performer Award Your child has been the Star performer today Class Teacher
  45. 45. Involve Parents!
  46. 46. Exploring Information Technology Middle School Class - VII
  47. 47. 3. Introduction to Excel• Introduction• Basics of a Spreadsheet• Workbook Maintenance• Moving Around a Spreadsheet• Selecting Cells Around a Spreadsheet• Entering Information into a Workbook• Sorting• Formatting a Worksheet• Colors and Borders
  48. 48. IntroductionWorkbooksIn Microsoft Excel, a workbook is the file in which you work and store your data. Becauseeach workbook can contain many sheets, you can organize various kinds of relatedinformation in a single file. By default a workbook contains 3 worksheets.
  49. 49. IntroductionWorksheetsUse worksheets to list and analyze data. You can enter and edit data onseveral worksheets simultaneously and perform calculations based on datafrom multiple worksheets.Sheet tabsThe names of the sheets appear on tabs at the bottom of the workbookwindow. To move from sheet to sheet, click the sheet tabs.Active/Selected cellA cell is the intersection of a row andcolumn. The cell that is selected byclicking or using the arrow keys is theinsertion point.
  50. 50. IntroductionA block of cells is selected by using arrow keys while holding downthe shift key or simply clicking and dragging the mouse across arange of adjacent cells
  51. 51. Getting StartedStart Excel Exit Excel
  52. 52. The Excel Screen Application Title Bar Formatting Column Headers Icon Menu Bar Toolbar Standard Tool bar Active Cell Formula Bar address Active Cell Row numbers SheetNavigation Bar Status Bar Each Worksheet contains – 65,536 Rows, 256 Columns Sheet tabs
  53. 53. Office Assistant• Click on Help Menu• Click Show Office Assistant• The Office Assistant appears as shown here
  54. 54. Creating a New Workbook On the File menu, click New.To create a new, blank workbook, click the General tab, and then double-click the Workbookicon.To create a workbook based on a template, click the Spreadsheet Solutions tab or the tab listing your custom templates, andthen double-click the template for the type of workbook you want to create.Note If you dont see the template you want in the New dialog box, make sure the template is installed and located in thecorrect folder.Tip To create a new workbook based on the default workbook template, click New or the NewButton on the tool bar.
  55. 55. Opening a WorkbookOpen a workbook on your hard diskClick File > Open or the Open button.1. In the Look in list, click the drive, and then locate and double-click the folder that contains the workbook.2. Double-click the workbook you want to open.
  56. 56. Saving your Workbook• On the File menu click Save or the Save button.• The Save as dialog box will appear:• In the File name box type a File name• In the Save as type the format of the file is an Excel workbook which usually has the extension .xls
  57. 57. Printing the WorkbookPrint the active sheets, a selected range, or an entire workbookOn the File menu, click Print.Under Print what, select the option you want.Tip If you want to print more than one sheet at the same time, select the sheets before you print. Number Print range of copies Selection
  58. 58. Moving Around with the Keyboard Up Arrow Down Arrow Left Arrow Right Arrow
  59. 59. Click, Drag & Move!Moving Around with the MouseUse the Mouse Pointer and Move UpClick on the cell you wish toactivateMoving Around with Scrollbars Vertical Scroll BarMove Left Move Right Horizontal Scroll Bar Move Down
  60. 60. Selecting Cells
  61. 61. Selecting a Row/Column
  62. 62. Selecting the Whole Spreadsheet
  63. 63. Entering Data in a Worksheet• Entering Text• Entering Numbers• Entering Formula
  64. 64. Worksheet Maintenance• Editing Cell Contents• Deleting Cell Contents
  65. 65. Worksheet Maintenance• Moving & Pasting Data• Copying & Pasting Data
  66. 66. Directions for Creating Your Spreadsheet• Unwrap your Cadbury’s Gems and separate them by color• Along with your group, count the total number of Gems for My Cadbury’s Gems boys and girls by color. boys girls total orange 18 2 20• Then calculate the total for red 5 3 8 each color yellow 11 7 18 green 7 3 10• Fill out a worksheet for each Group Name: partnership.• Sign each of your groups
  67. 67. Directions for Creating Your Spreadsheet• Now go back to your computer and you are ready to start creating your spreadsheet.• Open MS Excel and choose the File > New option.• In cell A2 type "red". Hit return and type "orange" in A3, A4 A B C D 1 boys girls total "yellow" etc. 2 orange 18 2 20 3 red 5 3 8• Click in cell B1 type "boys". Click 4 yellow 11 7 18 in C1 and type "girls", D1 "total“ 5 green 7 3 10 6 Group Name:• Now fill in the other cells B2...B7, C2...C7, D2...D7 with the numbers on your worksheet.
  68. 68. Exploring Information Technology Senior School Class - XI
  69. 69. Chapter – 4 (Beginning C++)Discussion Outline• Introduction• Brief History of C++• Development Cycle• C++ Character Set• Data Types in C++• Identifiers and Keywords• Structure of a C++ Program• Variables• Constants: Literals• Comments• Preprocessor• Basic Input/Output• Formatted Output
  70. 70. Introduction• Languages evolve to solve specific problems• The Object Oriented approach evolved similarly providing techniques for  managing enormous complexity  reuse of software components  defining data coupled with related tasks• OOP treats data and the procedures that act upon the data as a single “object”• The object is a self contained entity with an identity and certain characteristics of its own• Some OOP languages are SmallTalk, Java, C++, Ada etc.• C++ is a superset of the language “C” – it inherits all the features of C and adds a whole lot of capabilities to it
  71. 71. Features of OOP• Simple, easy to maintain, reusable programs known as objects• Binds code and data together creating a more powerful unit encompassing all details of a process or a task• Such modules or objects can be dedicated to perform specific tasks
  72. 72. A Sample ProgramC++ is a powerful general-purpose programming language. It can beused to create small programs or large applications. #include <iostream.h> int main() { cout<<"HEY, you, Im alive! Oh, and Hello World!"; return 0; } Lets look at the elements of the program. #include: A preprocessor directive that tells the compiler to put code from the header file iostream.h into our program. By including header files, you an gain access to many different functions. For example, the cout function requires iostream.h. int main(): This line tells the compiler that there is a function named main, and that the function returns an integer, hence int. Braces ({ and }) signal the beginning and end of functions and other code blocks. cout Function: The next line of the program may seem strange. If you have programmed in another language, you might expect that print would be the function used to display text. In C++, however, the cout function is used to display text. Insertion operators: The <;<; symbols, are known as insertion operators. The quotes tell the compiler that you want to output the literal string as-is. Terminator: The semicolon is added onto the end of all function calls in C++; the semicolon later shows up when you declare variables.
  73. 73. Class• A set, collection, group, or configuration containing members regarded as having certain attributes or traits in common; a kind or category.• Provides the way to create User Defined data type• A Class combines attributes (behavior) of an Object and the operations (functions) Member Data Member Data performed on the attributes of that object• An Object is an Instance of Member Functions Member Functions a Class
  74. 74. Abstraction• Provides facility to/for: create user defined data type encapsulation data security• Abstraction handles the complexities of an object• Example: Driver changes gears while driving. The task is performed but the actual process of gears changing is hidden from him. Task Process
  75. 75. Data Hiding & EncapsulationComponents of an Object Member Data Member Data Access OBJECT X Member Functions Member Functions X Direct Access
  76. 76. Objects Class A User Defined data type Member Data Member Data Member Functions Member FunctionsObject B – Member Data Member Data Member Data Member Data Object C –an instance an instanceof Class A Member Functions Member Functions Member Functions Member Functions of Class A
  77. 77. QuizQuiz: The Basics of C++What is the correct value to return to the 5. Which of the following is a correct operating system upon the successful comment? completion of a program? A. */ Comments */ A. -1 B. ** Comment ** B. 1 C. /* Comment */ C. 0 D. { Comment } D. Programs do not return a value. 6. Which of the following is not a correct variable type?1. What is the only function all C++ A. float programs must contain? B. real A. start() C. int B. system() D. double C. main() D. program() 7. Which of the following is the correct2. What punctuation is used to signal the operator to compare two variables? beginning and end of code blocks? A. := A. { } B. = B. -> and <- C. equal C. BEGIN and END D. == D. ( and )3. What punctuation ends most lines of C++ code? A. . B. ; C. : D.
  78. 78. You can ask me a maximum of five questions to figure out the name of the person I am thinking of. "You need to guess who that one person is." Only one of the following is the person I have thought of. If you think you can guess who it is, go ahead and click on the name."
  79. 79. Is the person a man or a woman?Is the person known to be an animal rights activist?Has the person been the Prime Minister of India?Did the person die before 1950?Was the person assassinated?