Mindsets
Scottish Learning Festival
23 September 2009
Learner or Non-learner?
“I don’t divide the world into the weak
and the strong, or the successes and the
failures… I divid...
How do we make sure our
students remain learners?
Mindsets Matter
Fixed Mindset: Intelligence is a fixed
trait
Growth Mindset: Intelligence is a
malleable quality; a potent...
Mindsets Matter
• Which mindset is correct?
• Does a person hold the same mindset
in different life arenas?
• Can mindsets...
How Do Mindsets
Work?
The Mindset Rules
Mindset Rule #1
Fixed Mindset:
LOOK CLEVER AT ALL COSTS
Growth Mindset:
LEARN, LEARN, LEARN
Looking Clever vs. Learning
Fixed Mindset Student:
“The main thing I want when I do my school
work is to show how good I a...
Math Achievement
72
72.5
73
73.5
74
74.5
75
75.5
76
76.5
77
Fall Year
1
Spring Year
1
Fall Year
2
Spring Year2
Fixed
Growt...
Pre-Medical Students
Organic Chemistry Grades
Learners and Non-Learners in
Action
How do mindsets control our attention?
MangelsMangels, Butterfield, Lamb, Good &, Butt...
Question
“Who was the Union general
at the battle of Gettysburg?”
*
Person
types
answer
1.5 s 2 s
*
Correct
answer
1.5 s
A...
REFLECTION
Think about a time you were in a fixed
mindset and chose to be a non-learner.
What could you do differently in ...
Mindset Rule #2
Fixed Mindset:
IT SHOULD COME NATURALLY
“To tell the truth, when I work hard at my school
work it makes me...
Do Geniuses Work--
Or Does it Just Come Naturally?
Mindset Rule #3
IN THE FACE OF SETBACKS…
Fixed Mindset:
HIDE MISTAKES
CONCEAL DEFICIENCIES
Growth Mindset:
CAPITALIZE ON M...
Deficiency Equals…
After Setback
Fixed Mindset:
“I’d spend less time on this subject from now
on.”
“I would try not to take this subject ever...
Fixed Mindset provides no recipe
for recovering from failures:
• Giving up, retreating to comfort zone
• Blaming others
• ...
Where Do Mindsets
Come From?
Our language tells students what we
believe and what we value
NonNon--Verbal IQ TestVerbal IQ Test
Messages About What We Value
• Intelligence Praise: “Wow, that’s a really
good score. You must be smart at this.”
• Effort...
Intelligence vs. Effort Praise
• Mindset: Fixed vs. Growth
• Goals: Looking smart vs. Learning
After Difficult Trial:
• Co...
Number of problems solved on
Trial 1 (before failure) and
Trial 3 (after failure).
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
Trial 1 Trial 3
Effort ...
Lying
Students who misrepresented their scores
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
Intelligence Control Effort
Type of Praise Given
What to Praise
• Effort, struggle, persistence despite
setbacks
• Strategies, choices
• Choosing difficult tasks
• Learnin...
Low Effort Success: Yesterday
• Look, you got an A without really
working. You’re really good at math!
• You did that so q...
Low Effort Success:Tomorrow
• You got an A without working. You must
not be learning much.
• You did that so quickly and e...
REFLECTION
What is one thing you could do differently in
your interactions with your students or staff
to foster a growth ...
Changing Mindsets
A Mindset Workshop
• Growth Mindset Group: 8 sessions of
study skills + the growth mindset.
• Control Group: 8 sessions of...
Math Grades
(Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck)
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
Before After
Control
BraInology
Percent Showing Increased
Motivation
9
27
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Control Growth
5 Computer Modules
Teachers’ Guide
www.brainology.us
Brain Orb as Guide
Visit to Brain Lab
Mad Scientist
Brain Experiments
The Learning Brain
Have you changed your mind about
anything?
• My favorite thing from Brainology is the
neurons part where when u learn some...
Conclusion
A growth mindset allows students to:
• Embrace learning and growth
• Understand the role of effort in creating
...
One Final Note
A Growth Mindset for Educators Too
• As educators, we must constantly learn and
improve.
• Educators, too, ...
Thank you!
Mindsets carol dweck-tcm4-569410
Mindsets carol dweck-tcm4-569410
Mindsets carol dweck-tcm4-569410
Mindsets carol dweck-tcm4-569410
Mindsets carol dweck-tcm4-569410
Mindsets carol dweck-tcm4-569410
Mindsets carol dweck-tcm4-569410
Mindsets carol dweck-tcm4-569410
Mindsets carol dweck-tcm4-569410
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Mindsets carol dweck-tcm4-569410

  1. 1. Mindsets Scottish Learning Festival 23 September 2009
  2. 2. Learner or Non-learner? “I don’t divide the world into the weak and the strong, or the successes and the failures… I divide the world into the learners and non-learners.” -- Benjamin Barber
  3. 3. How do we make sure our students remain learners?
  4. 4. Mindsets Matter Fixed Mindset: Intelligence is a fixed trait Growth Mindset: Intelligence is a malleable quality; a potential that can be developed …Talent is a starting point
  5. 5. Mindsets Matter • Which mindset is correct? • Does a person hold the same mindset in different life arenas? • Can mindsets be changed?
  6. 6. How Do Mindsets Work? The Mindset Rules
  7. 7. Mindset Rule #1 Fixed Mindset: LOOK CLEVER AT ALL COSTS Growth Mindset: LEARN, LEARN, LEARN
  8. 8. Looking Clever vs. Learning Fixed Mindset Student: “The main thing I want when I do my school work is to show how good I am at it.” Growth Mindset Student: “It’s much more important for me to learn things in my classes than it is to get the best grades.” Blackwell,Blackwell, TrzesniewskiTrzesniewski, &, & DweckDweck, 2007, 2007
  9. 9. Math Achievement 72 72.5 73 73.5 74 74.5 75 75.5 76 76.5 77 Fall Year 1 Spring Year 1 Fall Year 2 Spring Year2 Fixed Growth growth fixed
  10. 10. Pre-Medical Students
  11. 11. Organic Chemistry Grades
  12. 12. Learners and Non-Learners in Action How do mindsets control our attention? MangelsMangels, Butterfield, Lamb, Good &, Butterfield, Lamb, Good & DweckDweck, 2006, 2006
  13. 13. Question “Who was the Union general at the battle of Gettysburg?” * Person types answer 1.5 s 2 s * Correct answer 1.5 s Ability-Relevant Feedback Learning-Relevant Feedback 1 s Paying Attention to Learning or
  14. 14. REFLECTION Think about a time you were in a fixed mindset and chose to be a non-learner. What could you do differently in the future?
  15. 15. Mindset Rule #2 Fixed Mindset: IT SHOULD COME NATURALLY “To tell the truth, when I work hard at my school work it makes me feel like I’m not very smart.” Growth Mindset: WORK HARD, EFFORT IS KEY “The harder you work at something, the better you’ll be at it.”
  16. 16. Do Geniuses Work-- Or Does it Just Come Naturally?
  17. 17. Mindset Rule #3 IN THE FACE OF SETBACKS… Fixed Mindset: HIDE MISTAKES CONCEAL DEFICIENCIES Growth Mindset: CAPITALIZE ON MISTAKES CONFRONT DEFICIENCIES
  18. 18. Deficiency Equals…
  19. 19. After Setback Fixed Mindset: “I’d spend less time on this subject from now on.” “I would try not to take this subject ever again.” “I would try to cheat on the next test.” Growth Mindset: “I would work harder in this class from now on.” “I would spend more time studying for the tests.” Blackwell, Trzesniewski and Dweck, 2007
  20. 20. Fixed Mindset provides no recipe for recovering from failures: • Giving up, retreating to comfort zone • Blaming others • Trying to feel superior
  21. 21. Where Do Mindsets Come From? Our language tells students what we believe and what we value
  22. 22. NonNon--Verbal IQ TestVerbal IQ Test
  23. 23. Messages About What We Value • Intelligence Praise: “Wow, that’s a really good score. You must be smart at this.” • Effort (Process) Praise: “Wow, that’s a really good score. You must have tried really hard.” Mueller & Dweck, 1998
  24. 24. Intelligence vs. Effort Praise • Mindset: Fixed vs. Growth • Goals: Looking smart vs. Learning After Difficult Trial: • Confidence: Low vs. High
  25. 25. Number of problems solved on Trial 1 (before failure) and Trial 3 (after failure). 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 Trial 1 Trial 3 Effort Praise Control Praise Intelligence Praise NumberofProblemsSolved
  26. 26. Lying Students who misrepresented their scores 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 Intelligence Control Effort Type of Praise Given
  27. 27. What to Praise • Effort, struggle, persistence despite setbacks • Strategies, choices • Choosing difficult tasks • Learning, improving
  28. 28. Low Effort Success: Yesterday • Look, you got an A without really working. You’re really good at math! • You did that so quickly and easily. That’s impressive!
  29. 29. Low Effort Success:Tomorrow • You got an A without working. You must not be learning much. • You did that so quickly and easily. I’m sorry I wasted your time. Let’s do something you can learn from.
  30. 30. REFLECTION What is one thing you could do differently in your interactions with your students or staff to foster a growth mindset?
  31. 31. Changing Mindsets
  32. 32. A Mindset Workshop • Growth Mindset Group: 8 sessions of study skills + the growth mindset. • Control Group: 8 sessions of great study skills.
  33. 33. Math Grades (Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck) 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Before After Control BraInology
  34. 34. Percent Showing Increased Motivation 9 27 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Control Growth
  35. 35. 5 Computer Modules Teachers’ Guide www.brainology.us
  36. 36. Brain Orb as Guide
  37. 37. Visit to Brain Lab
  38. 38. Mad Scientist
  39. 39. Brain Experiments
  40. 40. The Learning Brain
  41. 41. Have you changed your mind about anything? • My favorite thing from Brainology is the neurons part where when u learn something there are connections and they keep growing. I always picture them when I’m in school (khadija) • Yes … I imagine neurons making connections in my brain and I feel like I am learning something. (biggie)
  42. 42. Conclusion A growth mindset allows students to: • Embrace learning and growth • Understand the role of effort in creating talent • Maintain confidence and effectiveness in the face challenges and setbacks …and it can be taught.
  43. 43. One Final Note A Growth Mindset for Educators Too • As educators, we must constantly learn and improve. • Educators, too, need permission to learn and make mistakes • If we don’t fulfill our potential how can we make our the students fulfill theirs?
  44. 44. Thank you!

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