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Us.2.Amendment Ii, Viii


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Us.2.Amendment Ii, Viii

  1. 1. Amendment II A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. (Ratified December 1791)
  2. 2. What does the amendment say? <ul><li>People have the right to bear arms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carry guns for protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Just for protection/self-defense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not for homicide etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The people are allowed to have a militia for their own security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minutemen used to be used </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Why was it added to the Constitution? <ul><li>The colonists didn’t like the idea of having a standing army during a time of peace when they were under the rule of Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Having this amendment was a way for the people to have security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A way to protect themselves </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Why is the amendment important? <ul><li>The amendment is important because it gives the people their own choice whether or not to carry a weapon for protection </li></ul><ul><li>Its not the government’s choice </li></ul><ul><li>It was important because it was a balance between what the Americans wanted and the old British rule </li></ul>
  5. 5. How does it apply to the United States today? <ul><li>The national guard are today’s minutemen </li></ul><ul><li>There is a current problem with gun control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a big controversy because some people don’t use their weapons for just self-defense or protection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People today keep weapons in their homes as a source of protection from any invasions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In cases that threats have been detected, people maintain a gun in case of anything to occur. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But there is still a controversy on whether or not should individuals should possess weapons in their homes, because this right can be taken advantage of. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Amendment VIII <ul><li>Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. </li></ul><ul><li>(Ratified December 1791) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Amendment VIII <ul><li>What does the amendment say? </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of prisoners’ rights before and after they are convicted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive bail cannot be posted in order to hold the prisoners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When found guilty, no fines and “cruel and unusual” punishments can be given </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Amendment VIII <ul><li>Why was it added to the Constitution? </li></ul><ul><li>Protected the rights of prisoners </li></ul><ul><li>Idea also used in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English Bill of Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Body of Liberties </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Amendment VIII <ul><li>Why is the amendment important? </li></ul><ul><li>Protects the rights of all U.S. citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Creates equality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No discrimination against the prisoners </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Amendment VIII <ul><li>How does it apply to the United States today? </li></ul><ul><li>How far should a punishment go? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the death penalty acceptable? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is excessive bail or not? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prisoner who does not make bail is sent to jail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court Case: Hudson v. McMillian </li></ul><ul><ul><li>November 13, 1991 – February 25, 1992 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Louisiana prisoner, Keith Hudson, accused two prisoner guards beat him, under the supervision of the supervisor – later Hudson sued the guards for violating the eighth amendment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The supreme court ruled no (6-to-3) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Absence of the proof of “significant injury” – does not mean his rights were violated </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Worked Cited <ul><li>“ Hudson v. McMillian.” The Oyez Project . 503 U.S. 1. 1992. 9 January 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive Constitution . National Constitution Center. 2003. 9 January 2009. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Second Amendment to the United States Constitution.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 13 Jan 2009, 13 Jan 2009 < >. </li></ul>