A presentation by Flannery, Jo-el, Caitlin, Olivia
Geography <ul><li>Climate – tropical, hot and humid; lots of rainfall </li></ul><ul><li>Soil – very thick for growing suga...
Founding <ul><li>Original islanders   Tainos (Arawaks), Caribs, Lucayans </li></ul><ul><li>Tainos believed in an afterlif...
Political Structure <ul><li>The Dutch introduced the “Sugar Cane” system after leaving Brazil in 1640 </li></ul><ul><li>In...
Primary Source: Cutting the Sugar Cane on the Island of Antigua
Jean Jacques Dessalines <ul><li>A Revolutionary for Haiti </li></ul><ul><li>Declared independence </li></ul><ul><li>Rename...
Economy <ul><li>Exported sugar cane </li></ul><ul><li>African slaves – were used to produce the sugar cane crop </li></ul>...
Society  <ul><li>Spain, France, Britain, and some of the Dutch ruled the Caribbean (Africans were enslaved) </li></ul><ul>...
Religion <ul><li>Spain: Devoted Roman Catholicism </li></ul><ul><li>France: Roman Catholicism </li></ul><ul><li>Britain: P...
Bibliography <ul><li>Unknown, Author. “From High Seas to High Life.”  Caribbean-guide.info . Interactive  Websites, Inc, S...
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Us.1.The Carribean Colonial

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Us.1.The Carribean Colonial

  1. 1. A presentation by Flannery, Jo-el, Caitlin, Olivia
  2. 2. Geography <ul><li>Climate – tropical, hot and humid; lots of rainfall </li></ul><ul><li>Soil – very thick for growing sugar cane </li></ul><ul><li>Crop – Sugar cane </li></ul><ul><li>Resources – very limited amount of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Major Towns – Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Barbuda, Montserrat, Antigua, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, Barbados, St. Vincent, The Grenadines, Grenada, Tobago, Trinidad </li></ul><ul><li>Major Cities – Kingston, Bridgetown, Pitons </li></ul>
  3. 3. Founding <ul><li>Original islanders  Tainos (Arawaks), Caribs, Lucayans </li></ul><ul><li>Tainos believed in an afterlife called “Coyaba” – “A hallowed land of dancing that was free of sickness, hurricanes, or hunger” (Caribbean-guide.info) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Cannibal” is derived from the Carib word “ karibna ” (Person) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Spanish Conquistadors mined gold from the Islands </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch, English and French formed colonies </li></ul>
  4. 4. Political Structure <ul><li>The Dutch introduced the “Sugar Cane” system after leaving Brazil in 1640 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1640 Barbados had 10,000 settlers </li></ul><ul><li>In 1680– 175 plant owners owned 54% of the land! </li></ul><ul><li>Total import of slaves: 263,700 </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar plantations produced 80%-90% of sugar consumed in Western Europe </li></ul>
  5. 5. Primary Source: Cutting the Sugar Cane on the Island of Antigua
  6. 6. Jean Jacques Dessalines <ul><li>A Revolutionary for Haiti </li></ul><ul><li>Declared independence </li></ul><ul><li>Renamed Saint-Domingues </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to keep sugar plantations running without slaves- a harsh work regimen </li></ul><ul><li>Changed education </li></ul>
  7. 7. Economy <ul><li>Exported sugar cane </li></ul><ul><li>African slaves – were used to produce the sugar cane crop </li></ul><ul><li>Major cities – kingstone, Santo Domingo </li></ul>
  8. 8. Society <ul><li>Spain, France, Britain, and some of the Dutch ruled the Caribbean (Africans were enslaved) </li></ul><ul><li>Natives lived by hunting, fishing, and gathering </li></ul><ul><li>Caribs: warlike and fierce </li></ul><ul><li>Arawaks: enslaved with the Africans and were originally peaceful </li></ul><ul><li>Caribs resisted Spaniards rule and named chiefs based on their ability to fight </li></ul>
  9. 9. Religion <ul><li>Spain: Devoted Roman Catholicism </li></ul><ul><li>France: Roman Catholicism </li></ul><ul><li>Britain: Protestant </li></ul><ul><li>Africa: traditional African Religions </li></ul><ul><li>Arawaks (natives): Catholic by Spaniards </li></ul><ul><li>Caribs (natives): (not religious) Nature worshippers – EXTREMELY SUPERSTITIOUS </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch: Dutch reform religious beliefs </li></ul>
  10. 10. Bibliography <ul><li>Unknown, Author. “From High Seas to High Life.” Caribbean-guide.info . Interactive Websites, Inc, Segisys. 2 October 2008. <http://caribbean- guide.info/past.and.present/history/> </li></ul><ul><li>Sandra W. Meditz and Dennis M. Hanratty, editors. “The Colonial Period.” Caribbean Islands: A Country Study . Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1987. 2 October 2008. <http://countrystudies.us/caribbean-islands/> </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Slave Imports to the Americas, 17th Century.&quot; American History . 2008. ABC-CLIO. 5 Oct. 2008 <http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com>. </li></ul><ul><li>Unknown, Author. “Caribbean.” Wikipedia . Wikimedia Foundation. 2 October 2008. <Wikipedia.org> </li></ul><ul><li>Phillips, Mike. “Cutting the Sugar Cane.” British Library . 5 October 2008. <http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/onlineex/carviewsvirtex/persjour/sugarcane/012zzz0001786c9u00004000.html> </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Jean-Jacques Dessalines.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 19 Sep 2008. 3 Oct 2008. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jean-Jacques_Dessalines&oldid=239523634 </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia Contributors.&quot;History of the Caribbean.&quot;  Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 17 Sep 2008, 14:54 UTC. 6 Oct 2008 < http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_the_Caribbean&oldid=239035438 >. </li></ul><ul><li>Knight, Franklin W. Geographic Setting . Commonwealth of the Caribbean Islands . Eds. Meditz, Sandra W. and Dennis M. Hanratty. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1987. http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/ . The Library of Congress. 2 October 2008. < http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgibin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+cx0006) >. </li></ul><ul><li>Hudson, Rex, A and Daniel J. Seyler. Geography . Commonwealth of the Caribbean Islands . Eds. Meditz, Sandra W. and Dennis M. Hanratty. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1987. http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/ . The Library of Congress. 2 October 2008. < http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgibin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+cx0023) >. </li></ul><ul><li>Map of the Caribbean Islands . </li></ul><ul><li>http://davidderrick.wordpress.com/category/americas/ . 6 October 2008. < http://davidderrick.files.wordpress.com/2007/09/caribbean.png >. </li></ul>

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