Us.1.British American Colonial Project


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Us.1.British American Colonial Project

  1. 1. BRITISH AMERICAN COLONIAL PROJECT By Camille, Mallary, Meg, and Virginia
  2. 2. Geography <ul><li>Mary land </li></ul><ul><li>– 1633 – settlement: </li></ul><ul><li>St. Mary’s </li></ul><ul><li>Major cities </li></ul><ul><li>Baltimore </li></ul><ul><li>St. Mary’s </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial capitol – Annapolis </li></ul><ul><li>Crops – tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of small farms </li></ul><ul><li>Resources: tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>– 1607 – settlement: Jamestown </li></ul><ul><li>Major cities </li></ul><ul><li>- Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>-Jamestown </li></ul><ul><li>-Colonial capitol – Williamsburg </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial capitol – Annapolis </li></ul><ul><li>C rops – tobacco & corn </li></ul><ul><li>Small farms & bigger households </li></ul><ul><li>Crops – tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Resources: tobacco & rice </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial capitol – Annapolis </li></ul><ul><li>Soil – non fertile soil in Jamestown – fertile soil along the coast </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-swamp lands not good for planting crops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geography Continued <ul><li>North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>– 1653 – settlement: Albemarle </li></ul><ul><li>Major cities </li></ul><ul><li>Wilmington </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial Capitol – New Bern </li></ul><ul><li>Crops – tobacco & rice </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>– 1663 – Charleston </li></ul><ul><li>Major Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial capitol - Charles town </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>– became a very important trade route </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Crops – rice </li></ul><ul><li>Bigger households </li></ul><ul><li>Indigo plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Resources: rice & indigo </li></ul>Georgia – 1732 – settlement: Savannah -Major cities Colonial capitol - Savannah -Resources: indigo -Growing season: 268 days - March – November   -Climate: warm & temperate; long growing season -Population: More men then women; enslaved Africans -Lowlands and plateau’s
  4. 4. Founded <ul><li>Georgia —James Oglethorpe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First colonist were poor English traders and artisans from Switzerland and Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Savanna: first settlement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Named after King George of England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>North and South Carolina —The English </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Locke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Named after King Charles II </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Became a colony when King Charles II took over England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English developed Charlestown in 1670 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maryland —English Catholics—1634 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lord Baltimore founded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Named after Mary, queen of new monarch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Virginia —John Smith—became a colony in 1624 when the Virginia company revoked </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jamestown: First English settlers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia Company—1606 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Political Structure <ul><ul><li>The first American colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>wealthy gentlemen from southwestern England </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jamestown </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surrounded by swamps  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Native American colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>divided into 30 tribes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chiefs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chief was Powatan </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Basic political structure in the colonies of this region </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  House of Burgesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The first representative body in colonial America </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Had power to make laws and raise taxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crown took over Virginia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Made it the first royal colony in the English empire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Royal Colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Belonged to the crown </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proprietary colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Belonged to powerful individuals or companies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>County Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The English’s county government was in Jamestown. Jamestown was in Virginia. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Economy <ul><li>Exported sugar , tobacco, cotton, and indigo to England </li></ul><ul><li>The Triangular Trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaves from Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exported raw materials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Southern Colonies would give: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rum to Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco, indigo, and rice to Europe </li></ul></ul>Cotton Field Indigo Plantation <ul><li>GA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigo plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Household </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SC: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigo plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Household </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NC: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigo plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Household </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>VA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Household </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MD: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco plantation </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Religion <ul><li>Maryland – roman Catholic until 1649 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>now is Anglican – 1691 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lord Baltimore brought in Catholics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>more protestants immigrated then Catholics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia – mostly Anglican </li></ul><ul><li>also Jewish and Presbyterian areas </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina – Anglican </li></ul><ul><li>- Presbyterian areas </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina – Anglican </li></ul><ul><li>- Presbyterian & Jewish areas </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia – Anglican </li></ul><ul><li>- Jewish areas </li></ul><ul><li>majority of population were religious refugees from Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>could not drink alcohol or own slaves   </li></ul>
  8. 8. Society <ul><li>GA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigo plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Household </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SC: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigo plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Household </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NC: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigo plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Household </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>VA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Household </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MD: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco plantation </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Primary Source <ul><ul><li>First Theater opened in Charlestown, Carolinas: 1736 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>College of William and Mary founded in Williamsburg, Virginia in 1693 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginias first newspaper published in Williamsburg in 1736 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Virginia Company: 1606 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Rolfe: learned how to cultivate tobacco in Virginia in 1616 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House of Burgesses: met in Jamestown, Virginia in 1619 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First representative body in colonial America </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Made laws and raised taxes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Important People <ul><li>- John Smith </li></ul><ul><li>- a colonist who emerged as a strong leader </li></ul><ul><li>- English sailor, soldier, and author </li></ul><ul><li>- leader of a Virginia colony </li></ul><ul><li>- dated Powhatan’s daughter </li></ul><ul><li>- Powhatan </li></ul><ul><li>- ruled 30 tribes in Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>- dignity, keen mind </li></ul><ul><li>- Pocahontas was his daughter -chief Algonquins </li></ul><ul><li>- James Oglethorpe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led the Georgia trustees designed their colony as a haven for English debtors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set strict rules for colonists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could not drink alcohol </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Couldn’t own slaves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>- Lord Baltimore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Owned and governed it as a proprietary colony. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded Maryland as colonial refuge for his fellow catholics </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. WORK CITED <ul><li>K, Kyle and S, Andy. “Colonies of the South.” The Southern Colonies . 21 November, 2000. East Buchanan Middle School. 2 October, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>< > </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Southern Colonies.” Colonial America. 2 October, 2008. < > </li></ul><ul><li>Atlas = </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Nystrom Atlas of United States History.” Eds. Betty Franks, Jacqueline Frierson, Robert Hagopian and Arthur Zilversmit. Nystrom; Chicago, Illinois 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas, Robert. “Frost Chart for United States.” The Old Farmers Almanac. 6 October 2008. Yankee Publishing Inc; 2008 New Hampshire. http :// </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Southern Colonies.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 2 Oct 2008, 00:31 UTC. 2 Oct 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>< >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Virginia Company.” Jamestown Rediscovery . 2000. The Association for the Preservation of Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Antiquities. October 6, 2008. </li></ul>