The Middle Colonies Project.97.2003


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The Middle Colonies Project.97.2003

  1. 3. <ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Colonies were made up of: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New York </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Location : </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Located in between New England and Southern Colonies. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Located across </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture : </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Navigable Rivers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Had lots of farming (lots of farmers) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Soil : </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excellent soil </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Crops : </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wheat </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Barley crops </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rye </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>maize </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>*** Flour shipped to England and the West Indies from ports of Philadelphia and New York </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Weather : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot & Moist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing Season’s moderate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moisture caused: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diseases due to mosquitoes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yellow Fever </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 4. 1609 The middle colonies were founded when the Dutch merchants sent ships across the Atlantic and up the Hudson River in search of furs from the Indians. 1614 They founded a permanent settlement at fort Nassau (later called Fort Orange). 1625 They built New Amsterdam at the tip of Manhattan Island. It served as the colony’s largest town, major seaport, and government headquarters. 1638 Traders founded New Sweden on the lower Delaware River. The settlers there built Fort Christina at the site of present day Wilmington. 1664 An English expedition forced Governor Stuyvesant to surrender his colony, and the English renamed it New York after the Duke of York. New Amsterdam became New York City and Fort Orange became Albany. The Duke of York granted the land between the Hudson and Delaware Rivers as New Jersey 1608 King Charles II granted William Penn the land west of the Delaware River which became Pennsylvania. 1682 William Penn arrived with 23 ships containing 2,000 colonists. He established Philadelphia as his capital.
  3. 5. Pennsylvania Charles II granted William Penn a land to pay off his debt (proprietor colony) to his father, and with that land Penn made the “holy experiment”  Difference from the rest of the governments from other 3 places. Representative Government- male settlers make laws for colony. RG= Made up of a Governor , provincial council , and a general assembly . Due to Penn’s constitution “Frame of Government.”  Guarantee for limited government power, and equality. Delaware Founded by William Penn, whom allowed his belief of religious and political freedom here as well as Pennsylvania New York Peter Stuyvesant didn’t allow the people’s involvement in government. The settlers were not allowed to believe in different religions, only to the Dutch Reformed church. The Duke of York received New York as a propriety colony from Governor Stuyvesant’s surrender then converted it a royal colony . He allowed setters, the right to keep their land and the freedom of religion, but he was strict about the people governing themselves. New Jersey New Jersey had one high government official Proprietors were interested in making money Proprietors allowed religious freedom and political freedom in order to attract more settlers  $$$  on selling land <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proprietary Colony </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colony or land granted to someone with full control over it </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Royal Colony </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colony owned by the kings </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 6. Favorable geography and climate Lumber, shipbuilding Industry Commerce trade NYC, Philly Fur trade “ bread colonies” Grains, especially wheat, were exported Pennsylvania attracted immigrants due to available fertile land and religious tolerance
  5. 7. Wheat
  6. 9. <ul><li>Middle Colonies attracted a varied group of immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Religious tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Economic opportunity </li></ul>Ethnic Groups NY – Dutch PA – Germans Frontier – Scots-Irish DL – Swedes All colonies – English Few African slaves Families migrated Pluralism – ethnic and religious diversity A German Community
  7. 10. The “Frame of Government” an important constitution written by William Penn as a way of expressing his belief of political freedom and religious toleration. This constitution was written for the “ holy experiment,” Pennsylvania
  8. 11. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Firstly , Penn states that any “government is free to the people under it where the laws rule, and the people are a party to those laws.” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secondly , Penn states, “though good laws do well, good men do better, for good laws may want good men and be abolished or evaded.” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Throughout The “Frame of Government” Penn basically expresses his beliefs for Pennsylvania which are: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Religious toleration </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited government power </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equality among all </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>William Penn was the founder of Pennsylvania. </li></ul><ul><li>King Charles II owed a debt to Penn’s father. He gave Penn what would become Pennsylvania, one of the most diverse states in the colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Penn was a Quaker, but unlike most Quakers, who were usually shopkeepers and small farmers, he was very wealthy. </li></ul><ul><li>In England, many Quakers were jailed for their religious beliefs, including Penn. </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Penn founded Pennsylvania as a safe place for the Quakers. </li></ul><ul><li>He called Pennsylvania a “holy experiment” because it granted religious freedom unlike the other colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>This religious tolerance attracted many Europeans of many different religions. </li></ul><ul><li>William Penn wrote a constitution for Pennsylvania. It: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guaranteed many fundamental liberties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited the power of government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contained provisions for amending the constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Even though Penn had been granted Pennsylvania from King Charles II, he bought the land from the Indians and maintained good relations with them. </li></ul>
  11. 15. “ Frost Chart for United States.” Chart. The Old Farmer’s Almanac. 2008. Reinvented Inc. 6 October, 2008. <>. “ German Settlement in Colonial Pennsylvannia.” The Historical Society of Pennsylvania . 8 October 2008. < >. Lapsansky-Werner, Emma J., Peter B. Levy, Randy Roberts, Alan Taylor.  United States History. Boston, Massachusetts: Pearson Education, Inc, 2008. &quot;Middle Colonies.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 3 Oct 2008, 15:11 UTC. 3 Oct 2008 < 242760845 >. Penn, William. “Frame of Government of Pennsylvania.” Constitution Society. 1995/09/12. John, Roland. 2 October 2008. “ Triangle of Trade.” Wikipedia. 7 September 2008. Wikimedia Foundation. 8 October 2008.<>.