Mc.2.Presentation History


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Mc.2.Presentation History

  1. 1. The Middle Colonies 1607 -1775 By: Alexis, Taylor, and Grace
  2. 2. Founding of the Middle Colonies <ul><ul><li>Delaware- New Sweden Company founded in 1638 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Henry Hudson and Samuel Argall </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Sweden Company </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>William Penn tries to rule Delaware </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New York- The Dutch- 1664 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Netherlands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Duke of York </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Jersey- Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret- 1664 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Duke of York took land between the Hudson and Delaware river valleys  New Jersey   </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania- William Penn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quakers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>King Charles II granted land west of the Delaware River </li></ul></ul></ul>Delaware River
  3. 3. <ul><li>Middle Colonies- between Southern and New England colonies </li></ul><ul><li>No big mountains </li></ul><ul><li>some small hills </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile soil- good for crops </li></ul><ul><li>Temperate climate </li></ul><ul><li>A Navigable river- Delaware- good trade </li></ul>G E O G R A P H Y
  4. 4. Government of the Middle Colonies <ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proprietary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ levy court”- assessors, justices, and grand jurors met to discuss laws and taxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>William Penn tries to create representative government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Frame of Government- elected assembly led by a governor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New York </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proprietary colony- proprietor- James (Duke of York) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Offered limited self-government and freedom </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>James did not want to directly rule the colony  governor </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concessions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Governor, council, and assembly (12 people) made decisions for the colony </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Economy <ul><li>Agriculture: </li></ul><ul><li>WHEAT- “Bread Basket Colonies” </li></ul><ul><li>Fish, oysters, turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Cash crop- potatoes, fruit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To West Indies from commercial centers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Small Scale Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cloth, clocks, watches, etc . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not a lot of individually owned land  no need for many slaves </li></ul>
  6. 6. Religion <ul><li>Middle colonies- very religiously diverse, no specific religion dominated any of the colonies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religiously toleration </li></ul></ul>New Jersey- Church survey in 1765: active congregations <ul><li>New York- mostly Anglican (Episcopal) </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey- religiously tolerant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quakers, Baptists, Jewish, Lutheran </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Delaware: very diverse at the beginning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eighteenth century- mostly British </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania- religious tolerance policy  different peoples could assimilate into colony </li></ul><ul><ul><li>QUAKERS DOMINATED </li></ul></ul>Presbyterian 55 Quaker 39 Church of England 21 Dutch Reformed 21 Baptist 19 Dutch Lutheran 4 Seventh Day Baptist 2 German Reformed 2
  7. 7. Society <ul><li>Extremely Diverse: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France, Germany, Norway, Dutch, English, Swedes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attracted new people to the colonies- no uniformity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extremely tolerant– focused on equality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Religiously tolerant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Socially equal- not a huge social ladder- no slaves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>African Americans still no rights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In the Quaker religion- women equal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Push and pull factors: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why was there a small population in the Middle Colonies? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not much push out of the Netherlands </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>booming economy and high standard of living </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not many servants or slaves </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different groups came into conflict over land in Middle Colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>English took over many Middle Colony lands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forced Dutch to surrender land  New York </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. William Penn <ul><ul><li>1644-1718 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quaker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>father dies in 1670 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1677 – took part in colonizing New Jersey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1680 King Charles II grants him Pennsylvania “City of Brotherly Love”/”Holy Experiment” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>William Penn wrote the “Frame of Government” </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Important Document <ul><li>Frame of Government-1682 </li></ul><ul><li>William Penn </li></ul><ul><li>Religious toleration and equality for all </li></ul><ul><li>Desire for representative government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People should control the government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good people=good government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>desired government: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provincial council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governor presides over council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General Assembly- confer on council </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New idea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People did not accept Penn’s ideas at first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Redrafted until “acceptable” </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Works cited <ul><li>Chambers, Al. “American History to 1699.” McAllen Memorial Homework Helper . 15 March 2006. <> </li></ul><ul><li>Forrest, Tuomi J. “Introduction: William Penn, Proprietor.” William Penn . 1 April 1997. <> </li></ul><ul><li>Lapsansky-Werner, Emma J., Peter B. Levy, John R. Chavez, Randy Roberts, Alan Taylor, Herman Viola. “ The Middle Colonies.” United States History . Chapter 5. Boston Massachussetts: Pearspm Education, Inc. 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Mack, Angela and Patricia McCullers. “Middle Colonies.” Home Sweet Home- Far from Home. 26 June 2000. <> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Middle Colonies, 17th Century.” Middle Colonies . ABC-CLIO Schools subscription Websites. 2 October 2007. <http: //> </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>“ The Thirteen British Colonies.” The Nystrom Atlas of United States History . </li></ul><ul><li>No Author. “The Original Thirteen.” American History. ABC-CLIO Schools subscription Websites. 1 October 2007. <> </li></ul><ul><li>Tooley Art Class Studio. “Church Windows.” Stained Glass and Mosaic Crosses . 16 August 2007. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Wheat.” World Prout Assembly. Prout Cooperatives. 23 June 2006. <> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Equal Sign.” LGBTPM. University of Buffalo’s LGBTPM. 5 December 2002. :// </li></ul><ul><li>“ Penn’s Draft of the First Frame.” Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia. Frame of Government of Pennsylvania 28 May 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Murray, Bill. “13 Originals: Founding the American Colonies.” The TimePage. 20 August 2007. The TimePage. 28 September 2007. < </li></ul>