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Cruwys ONS and DNA project


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This presentation was given at the Guild of One-Name Studies DNA Seminar which took place on 20th February 2010:

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Cruwys ONS and DNA project

  1. 1. Cruwys / Cruse one-name study and DNA project Presented by Debbie Kennett
  2. 3. Background <ul><li>January 2002 started family history research </li></ul><ul><li>February 2006 Cruwys ONS registered with Guild </li></ul><ul><li>May 2006 Guild profile page established (11,500 visits) </li></ul><ul><li>January 2007 started blog (25,500 visits) </li></ul><ul><li>September 2007 started DNA project with my dad as first participant </li></ul><ul><li>November 2007 added Cruse as registered variant </li></ul><ul><li>February 2010 208 ONS correspondents </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook groups for Cruwys (93) and Cruse (109) </li></ul>
  3. 4. Surname history <ul><li>'Crocker, Cruwys , and Coplestone, When the Conqueror came, were at home.' </li></ul><ul><li>1166 Ottuel de Crues held half a fee at Cruwys Morchard, Devon, from Oliver de Tracy of Barnstaple </li></ul><ul><li>Cruwyses have been Lords of the Manor of Cruwys Morchard continuously from c.1200 to the present </li></ul><ul><li>Cruwys family records (c. 2500 documents including manor rolls) dating back to 13th century still held at Cruwys Morchard House </li></ul><ul><li>c.1200 Richard de Cruwes and Alexander de Cruwes signed the Tracy Deed, earliest document in collection </li></ul>
  4. 7. Surname evolution <ul><li>Cruwys spelling stabilised from 1684 onwards in Cruwys Morchard parish registers and from early 1800s elsewhere. </li></ul><ul><li>Variants in parish registers and medieval documents include: Creuse, Crews, Crewse, Crues, Cruis, Cruse , Crusse, Cruwes, Cruze, Cruys </li></ul><ul><li>Cruse spelling stabilised from 1800s onwards. Evolved from Crewes, Crews, Cruce, Crues, Crouse, Cruise, Cruse, Curs, Curse </li></ul><ul><li>Cruse changed to Scruse in one Wiltshire line </li></ul><ul><li>In the US Crew became Crews/ Cruse . Crews evolved to Screws/Scruse. Germanic Gr ü ss Anglicised to Cruse . </li></ul>
  5. 8. The problem of variants England, Wales and Scotland data from Steve Archer’s Surname Atlas. US census data from 2015 Cruse 868 Cruse 0 Crewys 14 Crewys 1 Cruwys 84 Cruwys 198 Screws 0 Screws 63 Crowse 9 Crowse 71 Crewse 19 Crewse 237 Cruce 23 Cruce 0 Scruse 48 Scruse 41 Crewes 83 Crewes 691 Cruice 291 Cruice 3914 Crews 530 Crews 7231 TOTAL 1969 TOTAL NUMBER 1880 USA NUMBER 1881 Eng W & S
  6. 9. Documentary work <ul><li>Active reconstruction from GRO indexes, censuses and parish registers for Cruwys and Cruse </li></ul><ul><li>Pedigrees collected and verified for unregistered variants </li></ul><ul><li>All Cruwys GRO BMDs extracted </li></ul><ul><li>1837-2005 </li></ul><ul><li>All Cruse GRO BMDs extracted </li></ul><ul><li>1837-1940 </li></ul><ul><li>Main Cruwys Morchard tree reliably reconstructed back to 1400s and tentatively to 1200s </li></ul><ul><li>Crewes of Cornwall tree researched to 1400s and published by Tom Johns </li></ul><ul><li>Donation of 30+ years of Cruse research from David Cruse </li></ul><ul><li>Key stats </li></ul><ul><li>Cruwys 1837-2005: </li></ul><ul><li>541 births, 421 marriages, </li></ul><ul><li>448 deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Cruse 1837-2005: </li></ul><ul><li>6,221 births, 5,054 marriages, </li></ul><ul><li>2,757 deaths </li></ul><ul><li>130 Cruwys name-bearers in England and Wales in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>1,400 Cruse name bearers in England and Wales in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>16,222 individuals (5105 families) in 73 trees in Family Historian database </li></ul><ul><li>852 individuals (289 families) in 15 trees in separate US FH database </li></ul>
  7. 10. DNA work <ul><li>46 Y-chromosome results </li></ul><ul><li>All tested at 37 markers </li></ul><ul><li>9 tested at 67 markers </li></ul><ul><li>5 deep clade tests </li></ul><ul><li>1 WTY applicant </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment from existing contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment from pre-existing Crews and Cruise projects </li></ul><ul><li>New contacts converted </li></ul><ul><li>Donations used to subsidise tests for targeted lines of interest </li></ul><ul><li>All known variants included </li></ul>Thailand 1 Scruse 1 Scotland 1 Crewes 1 France 1 Screws 2 Canada 4 Cruise 4 Australia 5 Cruwys 7 England 12 Crews 15 USA 22 Cruse 16 Country Surnames
  8. 11. The Cruwys story so far <ul><li>Cruwys Morchard tree (haplogroup R1b1b2) </li></ul><ul><li>3 Cruwys , 1 Crewes, 1 Cruise </li></ul><ul><li>Y-line verified back to John Cruwys b.1449 (35/37, 64/67 markers) </li></ul><ul><li>married 1. Elizabeth Whitley 2. Mary Fraunceys </li></ul><ul><li>Includes PEI branch (all Cruwyses in Canada and USA) </li></ul><ul><li>Cruwys Morchard House not tested – descended through female line George Sharland s/o Harriet Cruwys Royal Licence 1831 </li></ul><ul><li>67-marker match (GD 8-10) with Cruise of Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Oakford tree (haplogroup G) </li></ul><ul><li>Four matches ( 3 Cruwys , 1 Cruse ), three trees, no paper link </li></ul><ul><li>John Cruwys m.1708 Oakford, Devon </li></ul><ul><li>John Cruwys m.1817 Westminster, London (all of Australia) </li></ul><ul><li>John Cruse m.1785 Kilkhampton, Cornwall </li></ul><ul><li>Other Cruwys lines </li></ul><ul><li>One illegitimate line from Witheridge, Devon (R1b1b2) </li></ul><ul><li>Two lines to be tested </li></ul><ul><li>Five lines with apparently no living descendants </li></ul>
  9. 12. UK Cruse /Crews results <ul><li>Ogbourne St George, Wiltshire </li></ul><ul><li>William Cruse d.1717 (R1b1b2) </li></ul><ul><li>Four Cruse matches </li></ul><ul><li>Verified postulated link with Berkshire Cruses </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Cruse shipwreck survivor c.1840 South Africa - 36/37 marker match but no paper link </li></ul><ul><li>Devon Cruses (I2b1) </li></ul><ul><li>Two Cruse matches with unknown paper link: Clovelly (1769) and Ashburton (1795) lines </li></ul><ul><li>8 singletons </li></ul><ul><li>Cruses : 2 Somerset, 3 London, </li></ul><ul><li>1 Liverpool </li></ul><ul><li>Crews: 1 Devon </li></ul><ul><li>Scruse: 1 Wiltshire </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Cruse 1862 death notice </li></ul>
  10. 13. Cruse /Crews/Screws of USA <ul><li>Virginia supergroup (I1) </li></ul><ul><li>11 matches (8 Crews, 3 Cruse ) </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly documented paper trail </li></ul><ul><li>No link yet found with a UK line </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with pre-existing Crews of USA DNA project </li></ul><ul><li>Michael Jackson line (R1b1b2) </li></ul><ul><li>2 matches (1 Crews and 1 Screws) </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama Scruse/Screws needed to verify Katherine Scruse link </li></ul><ul><li>Other lines </li></ul><ul><li>Crews of Heard County, Georgia, USA (two Crews matches) </li></ul><ul><li>Cruise of Canada (2 Cruise matches) </li></ul><ul><li>4 singletons - 2 with 67 marker matches with other surnames </li></ul>Prince Screws b. 1826 illegitimate son of Benjamin Screws s/o plantation owner Prince Screws b.1878 Alabama Prince Albert Screws b.1907 Alabama Kattie B Screws b1930 Alabama (Katherine Esther Scruse) Michael Jackson b1958 Indiana