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December 16, 2015 NISO Webinar: Two-Part Webinar: Emerging Resource Types Part ​2​: Equipment that Supports the Present and the Future


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Supporting Description and Access for New Media Art
Dianne Dietrich, Physics & Astronomy Librarian, Cornell University Library; Digital Scholarship and Preservation Services Fellow, 2013-2015

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December 16, 2015 NISO Webinar: Two-Part Webinar: Emerging Resource Types Part ​2​: Equipment that Supports the Present and the Future

  2. 2. THE GRANT Preservation and Access Framework for Digital Art Objects Test bed: 100 born-digital artworks created for CD-ROM, dating back to the early 1990s.
  3. 3. •  Media fragility •  Interrelated technical dependencies •  Incomplete and/or missing documentation •  No established best practices for archival preservation CHALLENGES NorieNeumark,ShockintheEar.1998.
  4. 4. OBSOLESCENCE “Macintosh System 7.0 and up” “PowerPC processor-based Macintosh” “Macintosh with 680x0 series processor” “16 bit color and 13 inch monitor” “QuickTime 2.1 or better” “Internet connection and web browser with … Shockwave” “Windows 95” “IBM-compatible PC” “MPC2, 486, or Pentium PC” “Requires Internet Explorer 5.5, DirectX” “SVGA video card” “SoundBlaster compatible sound card” “Flash player 8 or higher”
  5. 5. “I am worried about context and artistic intent – how do we retain authenticity in the long term?” AUTHENTICITY
  6. 6. TOOLS Guymager The Sleuth Kit fiwalk sorter disktype hfsutils IsoBuster Basilisk II SheepShaver QEMU VirtualBox
  7. 7. EMULATORS Basilisk II SheepShaver QEMU Mac OS 7.6.1 OS 8 OS 8.1 Mac OS 8.5 OS 9 Windows 95 Windows 2000
  8. 8. •  Emulation offers “best feasible” access for research environment •  Provides environment needed for interaction with original software •  Necessitates documentation of deviations from original playback ACCESS AdrieneJenik,MauveDesert.1997.
  9. 9. METADATA Descriptive – Catalog records Preservation – Imaging report, pre-fixity Technical – Disk image metadata, file ids Access – Classifications, emulation
  10. 10. INGEST CORNELLUNIVERSITY ARCHIVALREPOSITORY Archival Collection Artworks Documentation Compiled Emulators Related Deriv Disk Disk Images Disk Images Derivat Disk Image Related Disk Images Derivative Disk Image Related RMC
  11. 11. THANK YOU Grant PIs: Oya Rieger, Timothy Murray Cornell PAFDAO Team: Desiree Alexander, Madeleine Casad, Dianne Dietrich, Jason Kovari, Danielle Mericle, Liz Muller, Michelle Paolillo Consultants at AVPreserve: Alex Duryee, Chris Lacinak, Kara VanMalssen Advisory Board: Ben Fino-Radin, Jean Gagnon, Rebecca Guenther, Matthew Kirschenbaum, Jon Ippolito, Norie Neumark, Christiane Paul, Richard Rinehart, Simeon Warner This work supported by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities. Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this presentation do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.