314 The Open Access Education Revolution Richard Baraniuk

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314 The Open Access Education Revolution Richard Baraniuk

  1. 1. The Open Access Education Revolution Richard Baraniuk Rice University
  2. 2. vibrant interactive community connected innovative up-to-date efficient effective
  3. 3. create vibrant interactive share community connected use innovative freely up-to-date efficient re-use effective openly
  4. 4. create vibrant interactive share community connected use innovative freely up-to-date efficient re-use effective openly
  5. 5. create share use re-use freely openly why? today’s textbooks/courses lock up educational ideas – closed formats – closed copyrights
  6. 6. create share use re-use freely openly why? today’s textbooks/courses lock up ideas – not efficient – not affordable – not accessible
  7. 7. open education create vibrant interactive share community connected use innovative freely up-to-date efficient re-use effective openly
  8. 8. OE enablers
  9. 9. enabler 1: technology Web/XML common framework for sharing Internet virtually free distribution virtually infinite, permanent storage
  10. 10. OE platform – primordial state
  11. 11. textbook / course
  12. 12. personalized courses
  13. 13. reuse materials
  14. 14. enabler 2: new IP intellectual property and copyright make content safe to share common legal vocabulary inspiration: open-source software (Linux)
  15. 15. (CC-BY) author retains their copyright but opens access via open license
  16. 16. 500+ million licensed works text music audio images video art …
  17. 17. (CC-BY) read ccLearn on: “Why CC-BY”
  18. 18. today’s textbook pipeline authoring editing quality control publishing distribution
  19. 19. open education ecosystem authoring editing feedback peers quality control users learning publishing distribution
  20. 20. OE examples
  21. 21. Connexions (cnx.org) non-profit open education platform founded 10 years ago connecting ideas 900 open textbooks/courses 15000 Lego modules free on-line low-cost in print
  22. 22. Connexions (cnx.org) non-profit open education platform founded 10 years ago connecting people contributors worldwide in many languages usage per month: 1.2 million unique users 58 million hits from 190 countries
  23. 23. some Connexions partners Community College Open Textbook Project 100+ CC’s in USA and Canada developing a suite of free open textbooks Government of Vietnam developing new curriculum at 40 universities Siyavula / Shuttleworth Foundation complete K-12 curriculum for South Africa IEEE educational outreach in electrical engineering quality review of open materials
  24. 24. efficient stanford illinois michigan wisconsin berkeley ohio state ga tech utep rice cambridge norway italy
  25. 25. accessible
  26. 26. unexpected consequences Catherine Schmidt-Jones private music teacher, USA music theory textbooks Sunil Kumar Singh engineer and parent, India physics textbook
  27. 27. unexpected consequences Catherine Schmidt-Jones private music teacher, USA music theory textbooks 15 million uses to date Sunil Kumar Singh engineer and parent, India physics textbook 4 million uses to date
  28. 28. inreach outreach
  29. 29. OE the road ahead
  30. 30. interactivity see do
  31. 31. interactivity see do
  32. 32. semantic / active content Mathematics Markup Language (MathML)
  33. 33. open education open research
  34. 34. open education capetowndeclaration.org open research
  35. 35. OA legislation medical research is a public good US NIH OA Mandate UK Wellcome Trust OA Mandate
  36. 36. OE legislation US state e-textbook initiatives in CA, VA, WA, … US President Obama’s AGI $50m for community college open textbooks Open College Textbook Act, US Senate (Durbin) textbooks and learning materials a public good; materials developed with government support (NSF, NIH, DOE, …) to be OE Dutch Wikiwijs project (OE mandate)
  37. 37. sustainability Q: is OE financially sustainable? Q: is the status quo sustainable? textbook prices have risen 4x faster than inflation for well over a decade publishers are pricing themselves out of the market
  38. 38. computer hardware and software textbooks music newspapers
  39. 39. sustainability Q: is OE financially sustainable? A: OE (can be) compatible with for-profit publishing enables commercial entities to add value to OERs and sustain the community
  40. 40. sustainability Q: is OE financially sustainable? A: OE (can be) compatible with for-profit publishing enables commercial entities to add value to OERs and sustain the community
  41. 41. chris anderson
  42. 42. OE quality control
  43. 43. quality control community peer review inclusive exclusive must be scalable
  44. 44. lenses social software for quality control inspiration: cnx.org/lenses/ IEEE.org/cnx johnDoe univ.edu/cnx
  45. 45. cnx.org/lenses coming soon:
  46. 46. OE opportunities
  47. 47. OE opportunities outreach – access to all free on-line low-cost in print never out-of-print supports (in)formal learning inreach – owned by all more diverse materials community involvement teacher/faculty involvement ecosystem continuously updated customizable, translated high-quality based on open standards
  48. 48. Richard Baraniuk richb@cnx.org Joel Thierstein jt2@rice.edu

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