a society in which females, especially mothers, have the central roles of political leadership and moral authority the wife is the chief of the genus, and inheritance rights are transferred to the female members of each family in the religious dimension, she is often associated with worship of female deities of fertility and motherhood (see Grea t Mother)
Thefirst person who formulated the special theory of matriarchy was the Swiss Johann Jakob Bachofen ethnologists work, "The mother law" (1861),which identifies the title with the word feminism and underlines the superiority of women over men, the family and society, and the maternal hereditary line.
The term refers to a “gynaikokratiki” form of society, in which women play a crucial role. The woman is the leader of the genus and family. In the matriarchal society, the family name, racial affinity, property and all other rights are transferred from mother to children, while the right of inheritance belongs only to girls. The first who addressed the issue of matriarchy was J. Bachofen (1861), who studied the “propatriarchikous ”cultures and found the superiority of women over men both in family and society. This was followed by Lewis H. Morgan (Ancient Society, 1877), and the Friedrich Engels (The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State, 1884), who argued that the birth of inequality coincides with the destruction of matriarchy and the imposition of a patriarchal organization society.
The feminists only used three archaeological findings and input from myths about the female deities in ancient Greece, in order to prove the existence of matriarchal societies, often referred to as “utopias matriarchy”. In general, most feminist behavior shows that they do not understand the matriarchy to be the opposite of patriarchy, where women hold the supremacy, but as a different set of alternative institutions and values that have been designed in such a way as to protect and enhance the relationships between the mother- infant and male-female.