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Agriulcure

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agriculture

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Agriulcure

  1. 1. Chapter- agriculture Prepared by-Dikshita Bhatia
  2. 2. Agriculture Ager Cultur
  3. 3. Agriculture Land cultivation Tilling of land  Sowing of seeds  Irrigation Harvesting  Selling
  4. 4. Agricultural seasons
  5. 5. Kharif Rainy season to autumn season [ June till beginning of November ]
  6. 6. Kharif Major crops- Rice,maiz,cottan.jute etc
  7. 7. Rabi Winter season (oct-nov to mar-apr)
  8. 8. Rabi Major crops- Wheat,grains,mustard, tobacco etc
  9. 9. Zaid Extra crops Summer month of April, May and June Major crops- fruits and vegetabls
  10. 10. Types of farming  Shifting Agriculture  Subsistence Agriculture  Intensive agriculture  Extensive Agriculture  Plantation Farming  Mixed farming  Commercial agriculture
  11. 11. Indian agricultural problems •REPETITIVE CULTIVATION OF TWO STAPLE CROPS INSUFFICIENT IRRIGATION LOW PRODUCTIVITY PLANTATION AND COMMERCIAL CROPS LANDHOLDING TENACY PRACTICE
  12. 12. SOIL EROSION SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE  UNRELIABLE RAINFALL HUMAN FACTORS SHIFTING CULTIVATION Indian Agricultural Problems
  13. 13. SOLUTIOMS I. CONTINUOUS IRRIGATION II. HIGH YIELDING VARIETY SEE III. CONSOLIDATION OF LANDH IV. INSECTICIDES AND PESTICID V. LAND REFORMS VI. AGRICULTURAL CREDIT VII. AFFORESTATION

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