Inflection -morpho presentation

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Inflection -morpho presentation

  1. 1. Morphology: The analysis of structure INFLECTION By Group 6
  2. 2. INFLECTION What we are going to discuss are: • The definition of the inflection, • The differences between inflection and derivation (category change), • The way of using inflection and derivation.
  3. 3. What is Inflection? Inflection is a process of word formation in which items are added to the base form of a word to express grammatical meanings. In short : inflections are morphemes that signal the grammatical variants of word.
  4. 4. Inflection vs Derivation • Inflection does not change either the meaning or the word class (category), while…. • Derivation changes the meaning and/or the word class. Inflection : V + af  V Derivation : V + af  N
  5. 5. The way of using inflection • Inflection for number Singular Plural book books pillow pillows box boxes child children knife knives Tunggal Jamak buku buku-buku bantal bantal-bantal kotak kotak-kotak anak anak-anak pisau pisau-pisau
  6. 6. • Inflection for tense Present Past look looked laugh laughed watch watched talk talked jump jumped V 1 V 2 V 3 sing sang sung write wrote written go went gone get got got/gotten fly flew flown
  7. 7. The way of using derivation • Affixation Do  Undo Like  Dislike Make  Remake Dress  Undress Happy  Unhappy Change the meaning
  8. 8. • Category Change (word class) Dark (Adj)  Darkness (N) Special (Adj)  Specialize (V) Absolute (Adj)  Absolutely (Adv) Recreation (N)  Recreational (Adj) Glory (N)  Glorify (V) Drink (V)  Drinkable (Adj) Compose (V)  Composer (N)
  9. 9. Questions? • Inflection : added and internal change? • The use of ed (Blooded sword)? • Can every word be proceed by the inflection?

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