The perfect tense – Le passé composé• In French you use the perfect tense (le passé composé) to say what you have done in the past.• The passé composé is usually formed by using the present tense of• avoir and the• past participle of the verb, just as in English
Par exemple:• J’ai joué =• I have played• Nous avons gagné =• We have won• Elle a dormi =• She has slept• Tu as répondu =• You have replied
Auxiliary verb• J’ ai• Tu as• Il a• Elle a• Nous avons• Vous avez• Ils ont• Elles ont
Past participles• To form the past participle of –er verbs, take the -er off the infinitive and replace it with• -é• Regular –ir verbs form the past participles by taking off the• final –r• Regular• -re verbs take off the final –re and replace it with• u
Irregular past participles• Avoir =• Eu• Boire =• Bu• Lire =• Lu• Voir =• vu
• Venir =• Venu• Dire =• Dit• Écrire =• Écrit• Faire =• fait
Agreement• Notice that with verbs that take être as the auxiliary verb, the past• participle agrees with the subject (the person or thing doing the action). If the subject is feminine you must add an extra• -e and if the subject is plural you must add an extra• -s. If it is plural and feminine you must add• -es!