HPAIR 2016_Dawn Chui_route to sustainable mobility in Asia (shared)

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HPAIR 2016_Dawn Chui_route to sustainable mobility in Asia (shared)

  1. 1. Route to sustainable mobility in Asia Dawn Chui August 2016 HPAIR 2016 Asia Conference
  2. 2. Copyright © TOFU Management Transport sector is often the heaviest contributor to GHG emissions, with private vehicles account for 75% of emissions from the sector Source: OECD/ITF, 2013 Emissions from land transport will rise by 120% by 2050. WHO data showed 90% of air pollution in developing cities attributed to vehicle emissions.
  3. 3. Copyright © TOFU Management TRENDS Urbanization and Sprawling in Cities Ageing Population and Concern to Well-being Decline of Consumerism and Rise of Environmentalism Social and Economic Sustainability Hot Trends Affecting Urban Mobility
  4. 4. Copyright © TOFU Management Urbanization and Sprawling in Asia are phenomenal 4 Top 10 populated cities 1 Tokyo 38.8 million 2 Shanghai 35.5 million 3 Jakarta 31.5 million 4 Seoul 25.6 million 5 Beijing 25.0 million 6 Guangzhou 24.9 million 7 Karachi 24.3 million 8 New York 23.6 million 9 Mexico City 22.2 million 10 Delhi 21.7 million Source: United Nations Challenges  Increase of mobility trips cross cities with radius 100 km  Cost, Efficiency, Safety  What is a desirable city size to be livable?
  5. 5. Copyright © TOFU Management Urban Sprawl of Seoul Metroplitan Area Source: Seoul Development Institute, 2010
  6. 6. Copyright © TOFU Management Urban Sprawl of Beijing in modern era 6 Source: www.contemporarycity.org
  7. 7. Copyright © TOFU Management Rapid motorisation rate: more miles driven by private vehices in urban areas OECD/IEA projection: By 2025, 6.2 billion private motorized trips will be made in cities worldwide. The growth of private motorization will increase tenfold in India and China.
  8. 8. Copyright © TOFU Management 8 All Vehicles = 680 914 (+55% in 20 years) Private Cars = 475 752 (+83% in 20 years) The Problem in Hong Kong: Growth of Private Cars Source: Vechicle registration figures 1993-2013, Transport Department, HKSAR Government
  9. 9. Copyright © TOFU Management The vicious circle of urban decline Urban sprawl Longer journeys More cars More roads More congestion Decrease of city's attractiveness Declining quality of life
  10. 10. Copyright © TOFU Management 10
  11. 11. Copyright © TOFU Management Integration Route & Mode Information Fare Institution Seamless connection Real-time journey planner, Open data Interchange discount Governance, planning, law enforcement The Solution: INTEGRATION  Physical connection and linkage – seamless transport facilities  Efficiency service – minimize transfer, securing connectivity through hub & spoke  Economic imperatives – sustainable and affordable fares; efficient payment gateway and system  Technology-enabled information provision – real-time transit information allowing for journey planning  Administrative efficiency – governance, measurement, monitoring, and law enforcement
  12. 12. Copyright © TOFU Management Seoul Transport Operation & Information Service Source: Seoul Metropolitan Government Institutional INTEGRATION
  13. 13. Copyright © TOFU Management Bus Information SystemSource: Seoul Metropolitan Government
  14. 14. Copyright © TOFU Management Ingredients for CHANGE • Vision • Collaboration • Openness • Innovation Source: Civic Exchange Source: Civic Exchange Source: Civic Exchange Source: MTR Corporation

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