Verb subject agreement


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Verb subject agreement

  1. 1. Subject -Verb Agreement
  2. 2. Subject-Verb Agreement refers to the relationship between the verb and its subject.  Every clause or sentence must agree in number and person with its subject. Verb must be singular if its subject is singular; verb must be plural if its subject is plural. Subject -Verb Agreement
  3. 3. •Singular Subject and Singular Verb She studies hard. •Plural Subject and Plural Verb They study hard. For example:
  4. 4. • Everybody helps when there is a crisis. • Somebody wants to speak to you. • Nobody is here 1. The following words are treated as singular subjects and take singular verbs. For example:
  5. 5. • Both were at fault in the opinion of the army general. • Several women are work in the field. both few many several 2.The following words almost always use the plural form of verbs: Some indefinite pronouns are always plural. For example:
  6. 6. • Either the play or the poems are written in this book. • Either the poems or the play is written in this book. 3. When subjects are joined by words such as or, neither…nor, either…or the verb must agree with the closest subject noun. For example:
  7. 7. • The cook and the waitresses are asking for a raise. • My sister and her children were swimming all afternoon. a. If the two subjects refer to the difference person or thing, the verb is Plural. 4. Subjects joined by “and” For example:
  8. 8. • The owner and manager of the 7-Eleven was roped last night. • Peanut butter and jelly was always favorite sandwich. • Strawberries and cream was added to the menu. b. If the two subjects refer to the same person or thing, the verb is Singular. For example:
  9. 9. • Every boy and girl at the party was given a present to take home. • Each dog and each cat has been immunized. • No talking and no laughing is permitted in the library. For example: c. If words like each, every, many a, or no come before the subject, the verb is singular.
  10. 10. • Three weeks is a long time. • Two hundred dollars is a lot of money. • Twenty miles on the way seems like two hundred. For example: 4.When units of measurement for distance, time, volume, height, weight, money, etc. are used as subjects, they usually take the singular verb form.
  11. 11. • Your advice is always appreciated. • The new gym equipment has just been delivered. • That information is very helpful. For example: 5.Uncountable noun and abstract noun take a singular verb.
  12. 12. • A number of people are waiting to see you. • The number of stars in the sky seems countless. For example: 6. The word “number” •When the word number is preceded with the word a, use a plural verb. •When the word number is preceded with the word the, use a singular verb.
  13. 13. • Saddling the wild horse was no easy task for the cowboy. • Making pies is my specialty. • Collecting jewelry and playing the banjo are my hobbies. For example: 7. A gerund that is used as the subject of a sentence takes the singular form of the verb. However, two gerunds linked by “and” take the plural form of the verb.
  14. 14. • audience • jury • senate • public • council • crowd • family • class • board • assembly • committee • panel • orchestra • group • herd • swarm • flock 8.Collective nouns define group of people or animal:
  15. 15. • The team plays well after a good night’s sleep. (team refers to the whole group) • The jury has been deliberating for two days. (jury refers to the whole group) For example: a. Use a singular verb with collective nouns regarded as a unit.
  16. 16. • The audience are crapping their hands. • The faculty are expecting their pay raises in the spring. (faculty and audience refer to all the individual members, not to the group as a whole) For example: b. Use the plural verb if the collective noun refers to individuals in a group.
  17. 17. • Statistics is not being offered this semester. • Finkle Brothers has a sale this week. • The Philippines has a tropical climate. • Rickets is cause by malnutrition. For example: 9. Some nouns that end in “s” are singular in meaning and take singular verb.
  18. 18. • Two-fifths of the vineyard was destroyed by fire. • All of the pie is gone. • All of the cookies are gone. • None of the oil from the car has dripped onto your driveway. • Some of the puzzle’s pieces were found in the closet. • Most of the movie was boring. For example: 10.Noun and pronoun subjects like all, any, most, none, more, part, some, half, one-half, two- thirds, a lot of may take either a singular or plural verb, depending on the prepositional phrase that follows them.
  19. 19. • The rich get richer. • The poor have many problem. For example: 11.Adjectives proceeded by THE and used as plural nouns take a plural verb.
  20. 20. • Jim as well as Helen is planning the picnic. • John together with Mary is planning the picnic. For example: 12.With expressions AS WELL AS, IN ADDITION TO, TOGETHER WITH, the first noun determines if the verb is singular or plural.
  21. 21. • Here are the keys to your car. • There is a tree in the garden. • There are many trees in the garden. For example: 13. When the verb comes before the subject as in there or here sentences, it agrees with the subject that immediately follows the verb.