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Adult Development

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Adult Development

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Adult Development

  1. 1. Adult DevelopmentAdult Development Robert KeganRobert Kegan
  2. 2. What is Adult Development?What is Adult Development?
  3. 3. Adult Development:Adult Development:  refers to the changes that occurrefers to the changes that occur in biological, psychological, andin biological, psychological, and interpersonal domains of humaninterpersonal domains of human life from the end of adolescencelife from the end of adolescence until the end of one's life.until the end of one's life.
  4. 4. Who is Robert Kegan?Who is Robert Kegan?
  5. 5.  Is an AmericanIs an American professor inprofessor in ProfessionalProfessional Development atDevelopment at Harvard GraduateHarvard Graduate School of EducationSchool of Education. [source: http://www.gse.harvard.edu/faculty/robert-kegan][source: http://www.gse.harvard.edu/faculty/robert-kegan] Robert Kegan:Robert Kegan:
  6. 6. Robert Kegan:Robert Kegan:  Is a psychologist who teaches,Is a psychologist who teaches, researches, writes, and consultsresearches, writes, and consults about adult development, adultabout adult development, adult learning, and professionallearning, and professional development.development. [source: http://www.gse.harvard.edu/faculty/robert-kegan][source: http://www.gse.harvard.edu/faculty/robert-kegan]
  7. 7. Kegan is aKegan is a constructive developmentalist.constructive developmentalist.  ConstructivistConstructivist  DevelopmentalistDevelopmentalist
  8. 8. Constructivists:Constructivists:  believe that the world isn’t out therebelieve that the world isn’t out there to be discovered, but that weto be discovered, but that we create our world by our discoverycreate our world by our discovery of it.of it.
  9. 9. Developmentalists:Developmentalists:  believe that humans grow andbelieve that humans grow and change over time and enterchange over time and enter qualitatively different phases asqualitatively different phases as they grow.they grow.
  10. 10. Constructive developmentalists:Constructive developmentalists:  believe that humans grow andbelieve that humans grow and change over time and enterchange over time and enter qualitatively different phases asqualitatively different phases as they grow.they grow.
  11. 11. Information-Transformation:Information-Transformation:  InformationInformation - new knowledge that- new knowledge that you add to the current form of youryou add to the current form of your mind.mind.  TransformationTransformation - is about changing- is about changing the very form of the mind.the very form of the mind.
  12. 12. Subject-Object Relationship:Subject-Object Relationship:  SubjectSubject- those elements of our- those elements of our knowing or organizing that we areknowing or organizing that we are identified with, tied to, fused with oridentified with, tied to, fused with or embedded in.embedded in.
  13. 13. Subject-Object Relationship:Subject-Object Relationship:  ObjectObject- those elements of our- those elements of our knowing or organizing that we canknowing or organizing that we can reflect on, handle, look at, bereflect on, handle, look at, be responsible for, relate to eachresponsible for, relate to each other, take control of, internalize,other, take control of, internalize, assimilate, or otherwise operateassimilate, or otherwise operate upon.upon.
  14. 14. Orders of Mind (5 Stages):Orders of Mind (5 Stages):  First OrderFirst Order  Second OrderSecond Order  Third OrderThird Order  Fourth OrderFourth Order  Fifth OrderFifth Order
  15. 15. Orders of Mind (5 Stages):Orders of Mind (5 Stages):  First Order –First Order – mostly young children.mostly young children. They cannot yet hold the idea ofThey cannot yet hold the idea of “durable objects”.“durable objects”.  Second Order-Second Order- When children learnWhen children learn that objects stay the same, theirthat objects stay the same, their world becomes less magical andworld becomes less magical and more complex.more complex.
  16. 16. Orders of Mind (5 Stages):Orders of Mind (5 Stages):  Third Order (social mind)–Third Order (social mind)– they havethey have developed the ability to subordinatedeveloped the ability to subordinate their desires to the desires oftheir desires to the desires of others.others.  Fourth Order (self authored mind)-Fourth Order (self authored mind)- they now have created a self thatthey now have created a self that exists even outside of itsexists even outside of its relationship to others.relationship to others.
  17. 17. Orders of Mind (5 Stages):Orders of Mind (5 Stages):  Fifth Order (Self-transforming mindFifth Order (Self-transforming mind)) -- have learned the limits of theirhave learned the limits of their own inner system and the limits ofown inner system and the limits of having an inner system in general.having an inner system in general.
  18. 18. Thank you! 

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