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Intelligent building control and smart home

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Intelligent building control and smart home

  1. 1. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 1 Davide Malacalza, ABB Automation World, Beijing, May 2011 Building Automation Intelligent building control and smart home
  2. 2. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 2  Introduction  ABB solutions for Building Automation  Building Automation and Energy Efficiency  The bridge to Demand Response  Solar House  Other success stories  Conclusions Building Automation Agenda
  3. 3. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 3 Introduction Davide Malacalza, ABB Automation World, Beijing, May 2011
  4. 4. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 4  Apartments/Villas/Flats/Home  Office buildings  Hotels/Restaurants/Hospitals  Exhibition Centers  Sport stadiums  Museums / Churches  Schools / Universities  Banks  Airports  Industrial Facilities  Shopping centers Intelligent Building Classification of buildings
  5. 5. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 5  Lighting control and regulation  Heating, ventilation, cooling  Blinds and shutter control  Security and monitoring  Energy and load management  Visualization and operation  Central automatic  Remote control / maintenance  Interface to other control systems Intelligent Building Application areas
  6. 6. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 6 Electrical Installation in buildings LV Installation Products Sub-distribution board, floor standing for power distribution with breakers, MCBs, MDRCs, electricity meters, instruments Sub-distribution board, wall mounted for power distribution on floor level with MCBs, RCDs, MDRCs Main switchboard for power distribution with breakers, switches, electricity meters Consumer units MCBs, RCDs for room level protection Combiner box for Photovoltaic Switches, Fuses, MCBs, Surge Arresters Automation cabinets for HVAC control & protection with switchgear and control gear, motor starters EV charger box for AC charging indoor Wiring Accessories Sockets, switches for room control
  7. 7. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 7 Electrical Installation in buildings Building Automation Products Sub-meters measuring electricity consumption Presence detector * combined with light control depending on outside brightness up to 40% energy savings HVAC * timer controlled setpoints for heating and cooling up to 10% energy savings Room controller for room level automation Weather station Illuminance (3 directions), twilight, rain, outside temperature, wind speed, date/time DCF77 Control and visualization * various designs Luminance sensor * combined with blinds control and light control depending on outside brightness for constant light Energy Actor controls and measures single load * per room as desired HVAC * presence controlled setpoints for heating and cooling with underlying time/temperature profile up to 25% energy savings
  8. 8. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 8  ABB i-bus® KNX is an electrical installation system optimised for applications found in Smart Home and Intelligent Building Control.  KNX is a de-central, programmable, bus system for residential and non-residential buildings.  Conforms to the KNX standard, the world’s first and only approved building & home automation technology standard ISO/IEC 14543 (HBC), European Standard EN 50090 (HBES), China GB/Z 20965 Building Automation Intelligent Building control with ABB i-bus® KNX
  9. 9. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 9  ABB i-bus® KNX: a solution integrating all electrical functions found in the building into one easy-to-manage control system  Simplified electrical installation, lower planning expenditure, reduced cabling  Easy extension and adaptation to new needs, with little time and financial investment  Intelligent automation functions offering more: - comfort and lifestyle features - economic efficiency - energy saving - safety and security Building Automation Intelligent Building control with ABB i-bus® KNX
  10. 10. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 10 Building Automation and Energy Efficiency Davide Malacalza, ABB Automation World, Beijing, May 2011
  11. 11. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 11 Commercial and residential buildings are places to save energy  Cities and towns account for more than 70 percent of global CO2 emissions1  Commercial and residential buildings are the largest energy consumer segment with the fastest growth in US and Europe1  More than 50 percent of the energy used for  Heating, cooling  Lighting  Other appliances is electrical1  Savings of 30 – 60 percent are possible in certain applications2 1 EIA, DOE, Buildings energy data book The future electrical system must offer ways to reduce inefficient consumption 2 IEA Annual energy reports, European Commission reports
  12. 12. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 12 Optimizing supply and demand The role of the consumer  Today consumers determine when and how much energy they want to use irrespective of the current availability  Power producers plan supplies and deliver without knowing the detailed projected consumption  Effective information exchange and automation of consumer and supplier functions can optimize the demand supply equation  For the US, a 20% reduction potential in peak demand after full deployment of demand response is estimated The future electrical system must facilitate an effective dialog
  13. 13. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 13 Optimizing supply and demand Energy market  Real- time tariffs are a powerful instrument to harmonize demand and supply  Tariffs are defined by  Consumer demand  Supply conditions  Regulator intervention  Competition of independent power producers  Competition of grid operators  Business management and market operations systems have to provide complete software solutions for managing energy markets The future electrical system must provide platforms for effective markets
  14. 14. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 14 Optimizing supply and demand From traditional to Smart Grids
  15. 15. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 15  Measuring / (sub)-metering tariff options  Communication / visualization with / for end user  Switching on / off and delaying loadslight, blinds, heating, HVAC, security,  Data conversion and communication between smart home and outside  Integration of renewables solar, heating pumps, “small” wind  Demand response  Electric vehicles Intelligent Buildings and Energy Efficiency Main functionalities
  16. 16. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 16 The bridge to Demand Response Davide Malacalza, ABB Automation World, Beijing, May 2011
  17. 17. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 17 Metering Bus KNX Bus Multi Utility Communication Controller and Smart Meter Comfort Panel for comfort and energy efficiency Solar products Combiners, DC Breakers etc. Electrical vehicles Demand Response Addressing the temporary change in electricity consumption by Demand Resources in response to market or reliability concerns
  18. 18. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 18 ComfortPanel  High end TFT-touch display for visualization and control of functions  KNX functions light scenes, room control  Multimedia mp3-, video player  Email, web cam, RSS-feeds  Twisted Pair- und PowerLine-Module, integrated KNXnet/IP-Router  processing > 8000 Data points per second Smart Metering Meter with four quadrant metering meaning that the meter can measure both imported as well as exported energy. The meter is available in versions for active energy and combined active and reactive energy Demand Response High end user interface
  19. 19. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 19  HEMS balances the end-user’s comfort, cost and lifestyle preferences in the face of uncertain conditions regarding the price of electricity, weather and grid conditions  Minute-to-minute HEMS decisions include scheduling and shifting of electrical power usage  HEMS apply appropriate methods for sequential decision making under uncertainty Demand Response HEMS: Home Energy Management System
  20. 20. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 20 Demand Response HEMS: Home Energy Management System Weather Weather Grid constraints Electricity price Occupancy patterns Visualization appliances, storage and generation 24 h schedule Planning module for next 24 h 24 hours forecast Real-time module Control signals to appliances, storage, generation real time Electricity price Electricity use Grid condition Model of the house, appliances, generation and storage utility or 3rd party 24 h schedule premium
  21. 21. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 21 In the photovoltaic sector ABB delivers specific solutions providing:  Circuit breakers  Switch disconnectors  Fuse disconnectors and fuses  Residual current-operated circuit-breakers  Grid connection relays  Metering devices  Surge arresters  Consumer units  Enclosures suitable for outdoor installation  Wired and certified string boxes “plug & play” for installations from individual strings for residential applications to large photovoltaic plants ABB components for the Solar market
  22. 22. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 22 Product List  Field cabinets  OT series switches  S284 UC Z and S800 PV-S miniature circuit- breakers  S800 PV-M miniature circuit-breakers disconnectors  OVR PV surge protective devices  S 200 miniature circuit-breakers and DDA residual current devices  F200 PV-B residual current devices  E200 switch disconnectors  S200 miniature circuit- breakers  E90 PV fuse disconnectors  Switchboards, consumer units and junction boxes Small domestic systems (up to 6kWp) are characterized by a very limited number of strings ABB components for the Solar market Small-size systems for buildings and residential
  23. 23. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 23 Product List  OT Series switches  S284 UC Z and S800 PV-S miniature circuit-breakers  S800 PV-M miniature circuit- breakers disconnectors  OVR and OVR PV surge protective devices  S 200 miniature circuit- breakers and DDA residual current devices  F200 PV-B residual current devices  E200 switch disconnectors  S200 miniature circuit- breakers  ER90 PV Fuse disconnectors  Switchgears, switchboards and enclosures  Tmax and Tmax PV moulded- case circuit-breakers  A Series contactors  Energy meters  PVS 800 centralized solar inverters  MT switchboards series UniMix / UniSec / SafePlus  Electronic relay series 605 / 610 / 615 / 630 / 500  BT/MT oil immersed-type or dry-type transformers Plants with power up to 1 MW are usually mounted on industrial or commercial sites roofs, buildings or ground plants ABB components for the Solar market Medium-size systems for service and industry
  24. 24. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 24 Product List  OT Series switches  S284 UC Z and S800 PV-S miniature circuit- breakers  S800 PV-M miniature circuit- breakers disconnectors  OVR and OVR PV surge protective devices  F200 PV-B residual current devices  E 200 switch disconnectors  S 200 miniature circuit- breakers  E90 PV fuse disconnectors  Switchgears, switchboards and enclosures  Tmax and Tmax PV moulded- case circuit-breakers  A Series contactors  Energy meters  Emax air circuit-breakers  RD3 residual current relays  PLCs, motors and inverters  PVS 800 centralized solar inverters  MT switchboards series UniMix/UniSec/SafePlus  Electronic relay series 605/610/615/630/500  BT/MT oil immersed-type transformers  AT circuit breakers Optimized solutions to maximize energy production, made with products specifically designed for photovoltaic applications ABB components for the Solar market Large-size systems for solar farms with fixed panels or solar trackers
  25. 25. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 25 surPLUShome capturing the power of the sun Davide Malacalza, ABB Automation World, Beijing, May 2011
  26. 26. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 26  Designed and realized by the students of the Technical University of Darmstadt in Germany  Fully autonomous energy household due to energy harvesting by solar façade (7kW peak), solar panels on the roof (12kW peak) and energy storage in batteries  High comfort due to integrated PCM (phase change material) in the outside walls and in the ceiling providing 33kWh latent thermal capacity  Control of lighting, shading and HVAC by ABB i-bus KNX surPLUShome Winner of the SolarDecathlon 2009
  27. 27. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 27 surPLUShome Some inside views - convenient and well designed Source: The surPlusHome - ISBN 978-3-928766-88-3
  28. 28. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 28 surPLUShome The Energy Concept Source: www.solardecathlon.tu-darmstadt.de
  29. 29. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 29 surPLUShome Some technical Details - HVAC Source: The surPlusHome - ISBN 978-3-928766-88-3 A space saving heat pump takes care of the heating, cooling and ventilation (max. 320m3/h). It produces a maximum of 2.1kW heating and 1.3kW cooling. There is an integrated heat recovery system. The energy from the exhaust bathroom air is used for warming the fresh air intake and water heating. The heat generation level is 84%, the electro-efficiency is 0.36wh/m3. The water fro the kitchen and bathroom comes from a 180-liter hot water tank. An external 5-7kw geothermal heat pump can be connected.
  30. 30. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 30 surPLUShome Some technical Details - Controlling the Building Source: The surPlusHome - ISBN 978-3-928766-88-3 The surPlushome has wide-ranging opportunities for individual building control. All the devices fitted in the building are networked by ABB i-bus KNX and can be centrally operated. Too great a choice of settings would quickly overtax the user. Basic functions such light must therefore be able to be operated easily and instinctively with a switch. Control of the air-conditioning, a view of the building‘s overall energy balance (production and consumption) as well as switching lights and music on and off are all possible using the comprehensible operating functions on the displays. Special scenarios and detailed information about individual devices‘ consumption can also be set up.
  31. 31. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 31 surPLUShome Some technical Details The Influence of PCM on a summer day Source: The surPlusHome - ISBN 978-3-928766-88-3 Blue = outside temperature Red = inside temperature with wall PCM Green = inside temperature with wall and ceiling PCM
  32. 32. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 32 surPLUShome Some technical Details - Annual Balance Power Production Photovoltaics Source: The surPlusHome – ISBN 978-3-928766-88-3 Façade: 250 phovoltaic modules thin film modules (CIGS cells) efficiency factor up to 10% 7 kW peak Roof: 40 mono-crystalline modules efficency factor up to 18% 12 kW peak 13,690 kWh of electricity p.a. produced 4,100 kWh electricity consumed Compensation for electricity fed into the grid according to Renewable Energies Act (EEG). Remuneration of EUR 0,39kWh spells a profit of EUR 5358 (EEG 2010) Figures apply for the location Darmstadt 49° North, 8° East
  33. 33. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 33 Some success stories Davide Malacalza, ABB Automation World, Beijing, May 2011
  34. 34. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 34 National StadiumNational Aquatics Centre Beijing University Gymnasium Beijing Airport Intelligent Buildings and Energy Efficiency Success stories: Olympic Games in Beijing, China
  35. 35. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 35  Bangkok Airport  Shimao Villas  Pudong Airport  Golden Lake Hotel  Tianjin Museum Intelligent Buildings and Energy Efficiency Success stories: others installations in Asia
  36. 36. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 36 Conclusions Davide Malacalza, ABB Automation World, Beijing, May 2011
  37. 37. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 37  ABB is a leading company in the area of Smart Home and Intelligent Building Control based on the KNX-Technology  ABB technology can provide solutions for Energy Efficiency, Demand Response, Electric Vehicle  ABB i-bus® KNX is based on the worldwide standard ISO/IEC 14543 (HBC) as well as on EN 50090 (HBES) and China GB/Z 20965 and comprises of all relevant products necessary to enable a sustainable decrease of the final energy consumption in new and existing buildings.  ABB has in the last 25 years gained a wealth of experience from thousands of successfully realized projects in more than 60 countries worldwide Intelligent Building Control with ABB Conclusions
  38. 38. © ABB Group April 2010 | Slide 38

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