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23 präsentation marksteiner


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23 präsentation marksteiner

  1. 1. Petra Marksteiner<br />University of Vienna <br />
  2. 2. An “E-Mail“ to the next generation or:<br />What do young and old people think about health and health promotion?<br />
  3. 3. Design of the studyQualitative, semi-structured interviews<br /><ul><li>Guided field manual
  4. 4. Random sampling
  5. 5. 12 persons: 6 senior citizens (60+) </li></ul> 6 young persons (12 to 18) <br /><ul><li>from the rural area
  6. 6. Data analysis: Qualitative content analysis (Mayring, 2003)</li></li></ul><li>senior citizens (60+)<br />Subjective theories of health and health promotion<br />Yesterday<br />~1960<br />Tomorrow<br />~2060<br />Today<br />2011<br />young persons <br /> (12 to18)<br />
  7. 7. Yesterday<br /> ~1960<br />„It was the end of the war. There was no time for health promotion.“ (O1)<br /><ul><li>From official quarters health and health promotion was not an issue
  8. 8. lifestyle was more healthy
  9. 9. Eating habits
  10. 10. Physical activity (spare-time activities)
  11. 11. Ignored risk factors: hard work</li></ul>Subjectivetheoriesofhealthandhealthpromotion<br />
  12. 12. senior citizens (60+)<br />Subjectivetheoriesofhealthandhealthpromotion<br />Yesterday<br /> ~1960<br />Tomorrow<br />~2060<br />Today<br />2011<br />youngpersons<br /> (12 to 18)<br />
  13. 13. Today<br />2011<br />What is health?<br />Subjectivetheoriesofhealthandhealthpromotion<br />Intellectualhealth (3)<br />You don´t recognize health when you are healthy (1)<br />Physicalhealth and well-being (6/6) <br />Mentalhealth and well-being (4/4)<br />Social well-being (1/2)<br />
  14. 14. Today<br />2011<br />What is the problem?<br />Sittingsociety (TV, PC)<br />Overweight<br />Stress<br />Instant meals<br />Subjectivetheoriesofhealthandhealthpromotion<br />Playing computer games<br />Affluence and availability<br />Today youdon´tseeanyoneplaying ball anymore.<br />Overweight even by children<br />
  15. 15. Today<br />2011<br />Influence of health!<br />Subjectivetheoriesofhealthandhealthpromotion<br /><ul><li>No alcohol, smoking and drugs (4)
  16. 16. Weather (2)
  17. 17. Go to a health resort (1)
  18. 18. Go outside/ fresh air (5)
  19. 19. Wear warm cloths ( 3)
  20. 20. Medicine (2)</li></ul>Physical aspects<br /><ul><li>physical activity + healthy eating habits (6/6)
  21. 21. avoid a risky and extreme lifestyle (2/1)</li></ul>Psychological aspects<br /><ul><li>Positive thinking+ no problems or worries (3/2)
  22. 22. No stress (3/1)
  23. 23. Social contacts (family, friends,...) (2/1)</li></li></ul><li>Today<br />2011<br />Strategies in action!<br />„when I retired I changed my lifestyle completely“ <br />„I try to drink less alcohol and I ride the bike a lot“ <br />„I take iron tablets and remember to wear warm clothes“ <br />„I don´t eat a lot of fruits, but I like to go outside“ <br />Subjectivetheoriesofhealthandhealthpromotion<br />„Once a week I do excercises“ <br />„I really like vedgetables and I do a lot of sports“ <br />„I sleep a lot and I drink a lot of water“ <br />„I did excercises for my back but if you don´t have any problems you forget to practice. “ <br />„I could do more for my health“<br />
  24. 24. senior citizens (60+)<br />Subjectivetheoriesofhealthandhealthpromotion<br />Yesterday<br /> ~1960<br />Tomorrow<br />~2060<br />Today<br />2011<br />youngpersons<br /> (12 to 18)<br />
  25. 25. Tomorrow<br />~2060<br />Future visions<br />„I think it is important to do exercise and sport together and to have fun.“ (Y6)<br /><ul><li>Beginneng during the childhood (1/3)
  26. 26. School (1/2)
  27. 27. Support of sports clubs (1/1)
  28. 28. Parents (1/1)</li></ul>Subjectivetheoriesofhealthandhealthpromotion<br /><ul><li>Promotion and motivation (4)
  29. 29. More information and creation of (risk) awareness (3)
  30. 30. Back to the origin (food habits) (1)
  31. 31. Technical developments (4)
  32. 32. fun (3)
  33. 33. Social integration (2)
  34. 34. Alternative organizations vs. doctor (2)</li></li></ul><li>Is this the future?<br />Perspectives!<br />Subjectivetheoriesofhealthandhealthpromotion<br />Wii-Fitness<br />Interactive playgrounds<br />Green Goose sensors monitor your life, you earn experience points<br />
  35. 35. Thankyouforyourattention<br />TIMEisup!<br />
  36. 36. Literature<br />Faltermaier, T. (2003). Subjektive Theorien von Gesundheit und Krankheit. In M. Jerusalem (Hrsg.), Psychologische Gesundheitsförderung (S. 57-77). Göttingen: Hogrefe.<br />Gunter, B. (2005). Digital Health. Meeting Patient and Professional Needs Online. Mawah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.<br />Mayring, P. (2003). Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse. Grundlagen und Techniken (8. Ausg.). Weinheim: Beltz Verlag.<br />Sandhu, G. K. (1998). Health Promotion for the Twenty-First Century: Throughout the Lifespan and Throughout the World. In C. L. Edelman, & C. L. Mandle (Hrsg.), Health Promotion Throughout the Lifespan (S. 667-676). St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book.<br />Schulz, D. et al (2011). Testing a Dutch web-based tailored lifestyle programme among adults: a study protocol. BMC Public health, 11:108<br />Schulze, C., & Welters, L. (1998). Geschlechts- und altersspezifisches Gesundheitsverständnis. In U. Flick (Hrsg.), Wann fühlen wir uns gesund? - Subjektive Vorstellungen von Gesundheit und Krankheit (S. 88-104). Weinheim und München: Juventa Verlag.<br />Spicker, I., & Lang, G. (2009). Gesundheitsförderung auf dem Weg in die Zukunft. In I. Spicker, & G. Lang (Hrsg.), Gesundheitsförderung auf Zeitreise - Herausforderungen und Innovationspotenziale auf dem Weg in die Zukunft (S. 13-25). Wien: Facultas.<br /> (Zugriff am 5.1.2011)<br /> am 4.3.2011)<br /> (Zugriff am 20.3.2011)<br /> (Zugriff am 20.3.2011)<br />