What are they?
English has 8 parts
Why Learn Them?
English sentences can be divided into
their parts of speech. Knowing these
can help you understand and learn
It will help your listening, reading,
writing, and speaking skills.
When you study vocabulary, pay
attention to the part of speech.
A person, place, idea, or thing
Example: France, a mountain, Steven,
The moon is bright.
John is reading that book.
A pronoun replaces a noun. Sometimes this
is done to avoid repetition.
Example: him, his her, theirs, we
They wanted us to go with them.
He asked her to the dance but she said no.
An adjective describes, changes, or gives
extra information about a noun or pronoun.
Example: long, high, red, fast, British, angry
The tall man looked at the beautiful woman.
The slow car stopped by the big supermarket.
There are different kinds of adjectives:
1. Descriptive (ie. difficult, cheap)
2. Proper (ie. Japanese, Italian)
3. Quantitative (ie. some, many)
and so on…
An adverb describes a verb, adjective, or
even another adverb.
Example: quickly, silently, cunningly,
amusingly, frankly, eventfully, coyly
She quickly ran out to get help.
He drove carefully to the village.
Adverbs often give information about
question words – how, where, when?
There are often adverbs of frequency –
always, never, sometimes
A verb is usually an action, but may also
indicate a state of being.
Examples: think, run, dance, sing, believe
He studies English so he can go to America.
They think they can beat their rivals.
A conjunction joins two words or groups of
words, and can connect clauses.
Examples: and, but, or, yet
They want to go skiing, but it’s too
She ate ice cream and cake for dessert.
Shows the relationship between a noun (or
pronoun) and another word.
Examples: on, at, in, from, about
The keys are on the table.
She sat near the door.
A word or phrase that expresses emotion.
Examples: wow, ah, watch out, ouch
Ouch! That hurt!
Wow! That was amazing!
A sentence can sometimes be one word,
like an interjection or a verb:
However, we really ought to at least have
a subject (noun) and verb:
We can add more verbs or nouns to add
more specific meaning, or replace the noun
with a pronoun:
pronoun verb noun
He likes computers.
noun verb verb
Paul was working.
Adverbs and adverbs can alter verbs
noun verb noun adverb
Sally speaks English well.
noun verb adjective noun
Peter has nice parents.
Prepositions give us more information:
(*a determiner or article is another part of speech, sometimes
considered an adjective)
pronoun verb preposition determiner* noun adverb
She walked to the shop slowly.
Conjunctions allow us to add multiple
clauses into a sentence:
pron. verb adj. noun conjunction pron. verb pron.
They like fast cars but I hate them.
Using All Parts
This sentence includes all parts of speech:
Interjection noun conj. pron. adj. noun verb prep. adverb
Well, Jane and her old dog walked back sadly.
word part of speech example
work noun My work is easy.
verb I work in London.
but conjunction John came but Mary
came but Mary.
well adjective Are you well?
adverb She speaks well.
interjection Well! That's
afternoon noun We ate in
noun acting as
had afternoon tea.