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IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structures

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This PPT outlines the different types of essay structures needed to get a high band score in the IELTS Writing Task 2. Check out http://www.ted-ielts.com for more awesome IELTS resources.

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IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structures

  1. 1. IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structures
  2. 2. In order to get a great score on the IELTS Writing Exam, you need to be able to structure your essay logically. Fortunately, this is easy. Here is the basic structure:
  3. 3. Choosing a Structure You can’t just learn one basic structure, but there are a limited number that you need to learn. The five most common IELTS Writing Task 2 questions are:  Opinion (Agree or Disagree)  Advantages and Disadvantages  Problem and Solution  Discussion (Discuss both view)  Two-part Question We will look at each of these in turn.
  4. 4. Common Question Words  What is your opinion?  Do you agree or disagree?  To what extent do you agree or disagree? Example Question Maintaining public libraries is a waste of time since computer technology is now replacing their functions. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  5. 5. Structure Introduction Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question Sentence 2- Thesis Statement (This essay will argue that…) Sentence 3- Outline Sentence (This essay will discuss….) Main Body Paragraph 1 Sentence 1- Topic Sentence Sentence 2- Explain Topic Sentence Sentence 3- Example Sentence 4- Concession Main Body Paragraph 2 --Same as Para 1-- Conclusion Sentence 1- Summary Sentence 2- Recommendation or Prediction
  6. 6. Typical Question Words  Discuss the advantages and disadvantages.  Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your own opinion. Example Question People now have the freedom to work and live anywhere in the world due to the development of communication technology and transportation. Do the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?
  7. 7. Structure Introduction Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question Sentence 2- Outline Sentence Main Body Paragraph 1 Sentence 1- State One Advantage Sentence 2- Expand/Explain Advantage Sentence 3- Example Sentence 4- Result Main Body Paragraph 2 --Same as Para 1-- Conclusion Sentence 1- Summary Sentence 2- Opinion
  8. 8. Typical Question Words  Discuss both sides of this argument…  Discuss both points of view... Example Question Some people believe that higher education should be funded by the government. Others, however, argue that it is the responsibility of individuals to fund their higher education. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
  9. 9. Structure Introduction Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question and/or state both view points. Sentence 2- Thesis Statement Sentence 3- Outline Sentence Main Body Paragraph 1 Sentence 1- State first viewpoint Sentence 2- Discuss first viewpoint Sentence 3- Reason why you agree or disagree with viewpoint Sentence 4- Example to support your view Main Body Paragraph 2 --Same as Para 1-- Conclusion Sentence 1- Summary Sentence 2- State which one is better or more important
  10. 10. Typical Question Words  Problem and solution.  Cause and solution. Example Question Students are becoming more and more reliant on computers. What are some of the problems associated with reliance on computers, and what are some of the possible solutions?
  11. 11. Structure Introduction Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question Sentence 2- Outline Sentence Main Body Paragraph 1 Sentence 1- State Problem Sentence 2- Explain problem Sentence 3- Result Sentence 4- Example Main Body Paragraph 2 Sentence 1- State Solution Sentence 2- Explain Solution Sentence 3- Example Conclusion Sentence 1- Summary Sentence 2- Recommendation or Prediction
  12. 12. Typical Question Words  There will normally be a statement and they will then ask you to answer two separate questions. Example Question Happiness is considered very important in life. Why is it difficult to define? What factors are important in achieving happiness?
  13. 13. Structure Introduction Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question Sentence 2- Outline Sentence (mention both questions) Main Body Paragraph 1 Sentence 1- Answer first question directly Sentence 2- Explain why Sentence 3- Further explain Sentence 4- Example Main Body Paragraph 2 --Same as Para 1-- Conclusion Sentence 1- Summary
  14. 14. So what next….?
  15. 15. Plan  Take your time to read the question.  Think carefully about your answer.  Brainstorm lots of ideas.  Cull to the best ideas.
  16. 16. Analysing the Question Take your time to think about three important things:  keywords  micro-keywords  action words Keywords tell us the main topic. Micro-keywords refine the main topic to a few specific ideas or areas that we should talk about. Action words tell us what we should do.
  17. 17. Analysing the Question Let’s look at an example question. Global warming is one of the biggest threats humans face in the 21st Century and sea levels are continuing to rise at alarming rates. What problems are associated with this and what are some possible solutions. What are the keywords, micro-keywords, and action words?
  18. 18. Analysing the Question  The keywords are ‘global warming‘. This is our general topic. We are going to write about this, but we cannot write about just any problems associated with global warming.  The micro-keywords are ‘humans‘ and ‘sea level rise‘. So instead of writing just about the huge topic of global warming and any problems associated with that, we have to talk about how sea level rises will affect humans.  The action words are problems and solutions. Our task is therefore to write about that and only that. It does not ask our opinion or about the disadvantages and advantages or about the causes, just the problems and solutions.
  19. 19. Some ideas  Problem: flooding of people’s homes and businesses  Solution: build flood barriers or move to higher areas  Problem: loss of agricultural land and starvation  Solution: switch to more suitable crops  Problem: displacement of millions of people  Solution: move people in a planned and orderly way before the floods  Problem: ground water undrinkable  Solution: build desalination plants
  20. 20. Making Notes How to plan your ideas before writing
  21. 21. Use the Hamburger Method
  22. 22. But… keep it simple. Don’t get too complicated… Remember, you only have to write 250 words.
  23. 23. Practice Make a plan for the following topic:  Some people say that excessive noise should be a criminal offence, while others say they should be free to make noise without limitation.  Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
  24. 24.  Some of the material contained in this document has been adapted from here.  Check out this site for other IELTS resources.

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