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How to Increase Your IELTS Writing Vocabulary

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This lesson explores the best ways to boost your IELTS writing vocabulary by combining verbs with adverbs and nouns with adjectives. It looks at word order and the importance of using specific language instead of more general words and phrases. From http://www.ted-ielts.com

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How to Increase Your IELTS Writing Vocabulary

  1. 1. ADVANCED VOCABULARY FOR IELTS WRITING TASK 1 Describing Trends With Precise Language
  2. 2. Overview • This lesson will outline the use of verbs and nouns with adjectives and adverbs to give exact meanings • It will teach you how to use more precise and accurate language to describe trends • Remember: There is a big difference between the right word and the almost right word
  3. 3. Why? • Vocabulary is worth 25% of your writing mark • Task Achievement • Coherence and Cohesion • Grammatical Range and Accuracy • Lexical Resource (vocabulary):
  4. 4. VERBS
  5. 5. Verbs At the basic level, too many students repeat “increase” and “go up.” For IELTS, you must avoid repetition. You must also be more accurate. Up verbs
  6. 6. Verbs Notes: • “Soar “and “rocket” are descriptive words that show very significant increases. “Rocket” is suggests a sudden growth. • “Leap” is similar although not so great. • “Climb” just suggests a growth but not a rate. You would need to use this verb with an adverb to indicate the extent or speed of the increase.
  7. 7. Verbs Most students just write “decrease” and “go down,” but this is too simple. Try these more specific verbs: Down Verbs
  8. 8. Verbs Notes: • “Plummet” means to go down very quickly and for a long distance. It is a strong word. • Sink is similar but has a slower connotation. • “Drop” and “dip” are usually used for small decreases. • They can also be used as nouns. • “Slip back” describes a line going back down towards a previous level.
  9. 9. NOUNS
  10. 10. Nouns • To increase your IELTS writing vocabulary, you can modify many (but not all) trend verbs into nouns. Verb Noun to rise a rise to fall a fall to increase an increase to decrease a decrease to dip a dip to fluctuate a fluctuation to recover a recovery
  11. 11. ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
  12. 12. Adjectives & Adverbs Whether you use verbs or nouns, you can modify them further to give a more precise meaning. However, be careful with using either adjectives or adverbs. a significant rise – correct (adjective/noun) rose significantly – correct (adverb/verb) a significantly rise – wrong wrong wrong Be careful with the spelling of some adverbs. Many students find this word difficult: dramatically – correct dramaticly – wrong dramaticaly – wrong
  13. 13. Adjectives & Adverbs These words describe the extent to which something happened. In other words, whether it was a big or small increase. Adjectives of Degree
  14. 14. Adjectives & Adverbs Steady Trends Small Changes
  15. 15. Adjectives & Adverbs More Useful Trend Words These adjectives can be used to describes more general trends notes • “overall” is particularly useful for your introduction as it describes a general trend
  16. 16. PREPOSITIONS
  17. 17. Prepositions To be very specific, you can link your verb or noun to an exact figure from the table. To do this requires using a preposition:
  18. 18. REVIEW
  19. 19. TEST
  20. 20. climb modest overall rocketed steadily upwards It is of note that the _____ trend for the first six months of the year was _____. After a ______ increase of 10 units sold in February, this figure ______ to approximately 125 in March, and then continued to _____ until it reached nearly 200 by the end of June.
  21. 21. downwards dropped slightly slipping spectacular After starting the period at almost 150 units, sales _____ to around 130 in August. They then rose _____ to 135 in September before _____ back to 130 in October, a ______ trend that continued in November. The period ended with a _____ fall to 60 units sold.
  22. 22. marginal marginally overall steadily steady substantial 1. It is immediately apparent that the _____ trend is that considerably more women than men were recruited in this period. 2. The number of females employed rose _____ between 2001 and 2004, despite a dip in 2002. 3. There was a very ____ increase in the number of men employed in 2005. 4. There was a ______ rise in the number of females employed between 2001 and 2004, notwithstanding the fact that this number fell ______ in 2002.

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