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7 Steps to a Perfect IELTS Essay Structure

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Learn how to structure your IELTS writing task 2 essay. I will show you everything you need to know in a simple way. Learn more at www.ted-ielts.com.

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7 Steps to a Perfect IELTS Essay Structure

  1. 1. IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structure
  2. 2. Hello! I am David Wills I am the founder of TED-IELTS. You can find me at @tedielts
  3. 3. Let’s look at 7 STEPS To IELTS Essay Structure
  4. 4. 7 Steps to IELTS Essay Structure 1. Analyse the Question 2. Brainstorm Ideas 3. Plan your Overall Structure 4. Plan your Internal Paragraph Structure 5. Write a Strong Introduction 6. Link your Sentences 7. Write a Good Conclusion
  5. 5. 1. Analyse the Question
  6. 6. Analyse the Question ✘ Read the whole question carefully. ✘ What is the topic? ✘ What are the specific details? ✘ What is your task?
  7. 7. Task 2 Question Some people claim that not enough of the waste from homes is recycled. They say that the only way to make people recycle more is to make it a legal requirement. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 7
  8. 8. Analyse the Question ✘ What sort of waste are we talking about? ✗ Waste from homes. ✘ What does “legal requirement” mean? ✗ It means make it a law. ✘ What’s the task? ✗ “To what extent do you agree…?”
  9. 9. 2. Brainstorm Ideas
  10. 10. Remember: Don’t pick too many things to write about. Keep it simple. 10 Choose only the biggest Ideas
  11. 11. Good ideas ✘ Faster than alternative ✘ Raise money for conservative projects ✘ Some people don’t care Focus on your best ideas Bad ideas ✘ It is good to punish people ✘ It seems easy ✘ Some people are stupid ✘ Most people are too lazy
  12. 12. 3. Plan your Overall Structure
  13. 13. Planning Structure IELTS Writing task 2 essays should have: ✘ Introduction ✘ 2-3 body paragraphs ✘ Conclusion
  14. 14. Essay Plan Paragraph Purpose Introduction Introduce topic Explain purpose of essay Body paragraph 1 Give 2 opposing arguments and then refute them Body paragraph 2 Give strong argument to support my viewpoint Conclusion Re-state main idea and summarize arguments.
  15. 15. 4. Plan your Internal Paragraph Structure
  16. 16. Sequencing Ideas It is essential that your sentences flow logically. Your paragraph should have: ✘ Topic sentence ✘ Explanation ✘ Details/Example
  17. 17. Good The case in favour of laws mandating recycling is simple and irrefutable. These laws would ensure that a far higher amount of household waste is recycled, thereby reducing the amount of pollution that goes into our environment. People cannot be trusted to do this for themselves, and the evidence exists in the places where environmental laws are strictly enforced, compared to those where they are non-existent, or weakly enforced. Logical Flow of Ideas Bad These laws would ensure that a far higher amount of household waste is recycled, thereby reducing the amount of pollution that goes into our environment. People cannot be trusted to do this for themselves, and the evidence exists in the places where environmental laws are strictly enforced, compared to those where they are non-existent, or weakly enforced. The case in favour of laws mandating recycling is simple and irrefutable.
  18. 18. 5. Write a Strong Introduction
  19. 19. Introduction A good introduction plan: ✗ General statement that addresses the topic. ✗ Slightly more specific statement that relates wider topic to specific question. ✗ A sentence that shows essay intention or overview.
  20. 20. Introduction Example Pollution remains a significant problem all around the world and this is causing people to debate possible solutions. One such solution is for governments to impose laws requiring citizens to recycle certain kinds of waste from their homes. This essay will argue that environmental laws are essential to reducing waste and thereby saving the planet.
  21. 21. Introduction Example Pollution remains a significant problem all around the world and this is causing people to debate possible solutions. One such solution is for governments to impose laws requiring citizens to recycle certain kinds of waste from their homes. This essay will argue that environmental laws are essential to reducing waste and thereby saving the planet. General statement that addresses the topic. Slightly more specific statement that relates wider topic to specific question. A sentence that shows essay intention or overview.
  22. 22. 6. Link your Sentences
  23. 23. Introduction A good introduction plan: ✗ General statement that addresses the topic. ✗ Slightly more specific statement that relates wider topic to specific question. ✗ A sentence that shows essay intention or overview.
  24. 24. 7. Write a Good Conclusion
  25. 25. It is a pretty good idea to follow a structure like this: ✘ Paraphrase your main idea. ✘ Re-state your main arguments. You should: ✘ Avoid repetition . ✘ Not add new information. Conclusion
  26. 26. Conclusion Example In conclusion, laws are absolutely essential to ensure that people recycle their household waste. Without such laws, very few people would actually go to the trouble of recycling; however, if governments enforce these laws, almost everyone would have to comply.
  27. 27. Sample Band 9 Answer You can read my full sample answer at www.ted-ielts.com/task-2-structure

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