This talk offers practical guidance on how to improve accessibility for deaf and hard of hearing people. This includes providing subtitles/captions; checking the accuracy of captions; making sure that captions are synchronised with the audio; providing a summary of audio and video content; making sure that audio doesn’t play automatically; structuring your content; and keeping your content flexible. The talk emphasises how the guidance is useful for deaf and hard of hearing people but, like many aspects of web accessibility, ultimately benefits everyone.
[Due to SlideShare's dodgy auto-transcription with no ability to edit the outcome, descriptions of each slide can be found in the Notes section]
1. Sounding out the web: accessibility for deaf and hard of hearing people 4th cross-government accessibility meet-up David Swallow, The Paciello Group 18th May 2017
2. A group of six students are sitting around a table discussing something. Which one is deaf?
3. Provide subtitles/captions: A subtitled screenshot from the film 'Taxi Driver' with Robert De Niro uttering the famous line: "Well, then who the hell else you talking to? You talking to me?"
4. Check the accuracy of captions: A subtitled screenshot from the children's TV show Postman Pat. The automated subtitles incorrectly read: "everybody knows his bryce bread fan. Oh his friends will smile ASCII waves too"
5. A screenshot of a female student speaking from a University of York video. The subtitles incorrectly read "as well but you're eating less what often include Jan articles if the” instead of "...as well, but your reading list will often include journal articles”. Another screenshot from a University of York video. It shows the library catalogue. The subtitles incorrectly read "each of whom offer the channel you need check the dates of the fight to provide” instead of "...each of whom offer the journal you need. Check the dates offered by each provider”.
6. Synchronise captions with the audio: A swimming pool with the legs of a group of synchronised swimmers poking out of the water in unison.
7. A screenshot from the Box of Brodcasts website. The TV programme 'Wonders of the Universe' is playing. The transcript is displayed beneath the video with the words highlighted like subtitles.
8. Provide a summary of audio and video content: A band's setlist is taped to the stage in front of where they are playing. Someone's shoe and some cabling can be seen.
9. A screenshot from Facebook of an Aretha Franklin video. The video has no captions. There is a brief description but it only tells people who is playing and not what is being played.
10. Avoid auto-playing audio or video: A screenshot from the CNN website. Next to the news article, a small video player has automatically begun playing.
11. A screenshot of the Schloss Hotel website, which automatically plays a Shostakovich waltz upon loading the page. The control to stop the sound is at the very bottom of the page and not very obvious.
12. Structure your content: A pair of birds (swallows?) perch on some scaffolding that is sillhouetted against a blue sky.
13. Keep your content flexible: A cluster of rainbow-coloured flexible drinking straws.
14. Any questions? David Swallow @davidofyork
Sounding out the web: accessibility for deaf and hard of hearing people