The political spectrum


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The political spectrum

  1. 1. The Political SpectrumParties and Politics in Canada
  2. 2. The political spectrum a broad range of varied but relatedideas or objects, the individualfeatures of which tend to overlap soas to form a continuous series orsequence: the spectrum of politicalbeliefs
  3. 3. To put it simply… A line that shows where eachparties political beliefs fall.
  4. 4. Canada’s Political Spectrum
  5. 5. Conservatives – 167NDP – 102Liberal - 34Bloc - 4Green - 1How Canada Voted in 2011Conservatives – 167NDP – 102Liberal - 34Bloc - 4Green - 1Conservatives – 167NDP – 102Liberal - 34Bloc - 4Green - 1
  6. 6. Left (NDP/Green Party) Centre (Liberal) Right (Conservative)Reduce spending on themilitaryMaintain how much is spent now Increase spending on themilitary-support change in order toimprove welfare of allcitizens (caring for poor)-tradition is important but change issupported if most people want it-tradition is important andchange should be treatedwith caution-government should play alarger role in peoples lives(social services, benefits)-government should play a role only inthat it improves the lives of citizens-government should play asmall role in peoples lives,private business shouldensure needs of citizens aremet-law and order are importantto protect right of all citizensfairly and equally-law and order are important toencourage and protect right ofindividuals-emphasis of law and orderto protect society and itstraditions are very important-more freedom for citizens toprotestant less power topolice during large publicgatherings.- the legal system should beless strict and try torehabilitate offenders-there must be a balance betweenprotecting society and helpingoffenders to get better-more power to police duringprotests and any large publicgathering that may turnviolent.-The legal system mustpunish lawbreakers moreseverely-the government shouldown/be in control of keyresources and business-the economy should be a mix ofpublic (government) and privateownershipThe economy should be leftin the hands of privatebusinesses
  7. 7. Communism system of social organization basedon the holding of all property incommon, actual ownership beingascribed to the community as awhole or to the state. In other words, all property isowned by the country, not theindividuals.
  8. 8. Socialism a theory or system of social organizationthat advocates the vesting of theownership and control of the means ofproduction and distribution, of capital,land, etc., in the community as a whole. When the state owns capital, and land,and uses it to better the wealth of thepeople. Seen as a transition step from Capitalismto Communism.
  9. 9. Liberalism a political or social philosophy advocatingthe freedom of the individual,parliamentary systems of government, toassure unrestricted development in allspheres of human endeavor, andgovernmental guarantees of individualrights and civil liberties. A government based on the idea that theindividual should have rights and civilliberties that will not restrict their growth.
  10. 10. Conservatism a political philosophy advocating thepreservation of the best of theestablished order in society andopposing radical change The idea that we keep traditions,and hold on to the past. If changeis needed, it is done slowly, to keeporder in society.
  11. 11. Fascism a governmental system led by a dictatorhaving complete power, forciblysuppressing opposition and criticism,regimenting all industry, commerce, etc.,and emphasizing an aggressivenationalism and often racism. Government has total control and usesthe military to enforce it. Promotesstrong ties to the country, even to theextent of promoting racism.
  12. 12. Canada’s Main Political Parties