The Political SpectrumParties and Politics in Canada
The political spectrum a broad range of varied but relatedideas or objects, the individualfeatures of which tend to overlap soas to form a continuous series orsequence: the spectrum of politicalbeliefs
To put it simply… A line that shows where eachparties political beliefs fall.
Left (NDP/Green Party) Centre (Liberal) Right (Conservative)Reduce spending on themilitaryMaintain how much is spent now Increase spending on themilitary-support change in order toimprove welfare of allcitizens (caring for poor)-tradition is important but change issupported if most people want it-tradition is important andchange should be treatedwith caution-government should play alarger role in peoples lives(social services, benefits)-government should play a role only inthat it improves the lives of citizens-government should play asmall role in peoples lives,private business shouldensure needs of citizens aremet-law and order are importantto protect right of all citizensfairly and equally-law and order are important toencourage and protect right ofindividuals-emphasis of law and orderto protect society and itstraditions are very important-more freedom for citizens toprotestant less power topolice during large publicgatherings.- the legal system should beless strict and try torehabilitate offenders-there must be a balance betweenprotecting society and helpingoffenders to get better-more power to police duringprotests and any large publicgathering that may turnviolent.-The legal system mustpunish lawbreakers moreseverely-the government shouldown/be in control of keyresources and business-the economy should be a mix ofpublic (government) and privateownershipThe economy should be leftin the hands of privatebusinesses
Communism system of social organization basedon the holding of all property incommon, actual ownership beingascribed to the community as awhole or to the state. In other words, all property isowned by the country, not theindividuals.
Socialism a theory or system of social organizationthat advocates the vesting of theownership and control of the means ofproduction and distribution, of capital,land, etc., in the community as a whole. When the state owns capital, and land,and uses it to better the wealth of thepeople. Seen as a transition step from Capitalismto Communism.
Liberalism a political or social philosophy advocatingthe freedom of the individual,parliamentary systems of government, toassure unrestricted development in allspheres of human endeavor, andgovernmental guarantees of individualrights and civil liberties. A government based on the idea that theindividual should have rights and civilliberties that will not restrict their growth.
Conservatism a political philosophy advocating thepreservation of the best of theestablished order in society andopposing radical change The idea that we keep traditions,and hold on to the past. If changeis needed, it is done slowly, to keeporder in society.
Fascism a governmental system led by a dictatorhaving complete power, forciblysuppressing opposition and criticism,regimenting all industry, commerce, etc.,and emphasizing an aggressivenationalism and often racism. Government has total control and usesthe military to enforce it. Promotesstrong ties to the country, even to theextent of promoting racism.