Chapter 11.4 Canada and the World- cold war extras

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Canada and the World

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Chapter 11.4 Canada and the World- cold war extras

  1. 1. Chapter 11.4
  2. 2.        Crisis began on October 22nd, 1962 Pres. Kennedy learned that the Soviet Union was building missile sites in Cuba Kennedy demanded that the Soviet ships turn around The Soviets refused to turn around The world thought that nuclear war was imminent Kennedy asked Diefenbaker to put the Canadian military on high alert Diefenbaker thought that this would only heighten the tensions with the Soviet Union
  3. 3.   Universal Declaration of Human Rights (John Humphrey, a McGill University professor was one of the main authors of the Declaration) General Assembly  the main deliberative body of the UN – all 192 nation-states have representatives in this body  The Security Council  mandated to maintain peace and security  5 permanent members – USA, Rusia, Britain, France, China ▪ each have veto power over Security Council decisions
  4. 4.    John Humphrey, a McGill University professor was one of the main authors of the Declaration Heritage Minute on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights States that all people of the world ought to have basic civil, economic, social and political rights
  5. 5.   Since the Statue of Westminster in 1931, the Commonwealth (a group of independent nations) had replaced the Empire In the 1950s and 60s many former colonies became independent and joined the Commonwealth  e.g. India became independent from Britain in 1947 under the leadership of Ghandi and then joined the Commonwealth  The Commonwealth Games
  6. 6.    Canada was becoming very close economically with the U.S. Canada was militarily close with the U.S. (NORAD, NATO, etc.) Canada fought along side the U.S. in the 1950’s Korean War (p278) but was not close with the U.S. on the issue of the Vietnam War (1960’s-70’s)
  7. 7.     On June 25th, 1950 communist N. Korea invaded and defeated non-communist S. Korea The UN Security Council agreed to send UN forces to push the N. Koreans out of S. Korea Canada participated in the war, alongw ith the U.S. and other Western nations, by contributing 27,000 military personnel An armistice was reached on July 27th, 1953
  8. 8.  Canada did not support the Vietnam War (U.S. and South Vietnamese against the North Vietnamese  PM Pearson criticized the American war  we allowed “draft dodgers” to immigrate to Canada  Much like the Korean War, the North Vietnamese (Viet Cong) were Communist and were supported by China and Russia  The U.S. wanted to support the people and politics in South Vietnam
  9. 9.   Over 58,000 American soldiers have their names on the Vietnam War memorial in Washington D.C. The North Vietnamese army won the war  Americans were forced to flee Saigon (capital of the South, now known as Ho Chi Minh City)  Many Canadians (over 30,000) fought voluntarily in the Vietnam war (not with the Canadian government)

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