Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

State Rep. David Simpson's Working Vacation on the Texas Border

1,783 views

Published on

A sobering and beautiful week along the Rio Grande with staff and family gathering facts and learning about people, immigration, and security along the border with Mexico from June 30 to July 6, 2014.

Published in: News & Politics
  • Login to see the comments

  • Be the first to like this

State Rep. David Simpson's Working Vacation on the Texas Border

  1. 1. JUNE 3 0 – JULY 6 , 2 0 1 4 A SOBERING & BEAUT I FUL WEEK ON THE RIO GRANDE WITH STAFF & FAMILY GATHERING FACTS AND LEARNING ABOUT PEOPLE, IMMIGRATION & BORDER SECURITY
  2. 2. OVERVIEW • Two official briefings by TX DPS & US CBP in Weslaco • Three tours of US CBP Stations in Weslaco, McAllen & Del Rio • One tour of short-term shelter and foster care contractor for US ORR & licensed by TX FPS • Over two dozen informal interviews • 800 miles along, over, on, and in the Rio Grande
  3. 3. July 4–6 Marathon, Big Bend, Terlingua, Lajitas, Presidio July 3 Laredo, Del Rio, Seminole Canyon, Marathon June 30–July 2 Brownsville, Weslaco, McAllen, Laredo
  4. 4. F IRST GENERAT ION AMERICAN CI T I ZEN STORE CLERK • “Stop the freebies…. Help us out, sir!” • “I feel it’s not right. Because my kids don’t qualify for any of that—no free government aid at all. . . . some people grow up . . . living free off the government. And then their kids do it too because it’s easier for them to do that than work.” • “The ladies come and they have two, three, four kids. They’re set! They’re set money-wise. They’re set food stamp-wise. They’re set insurance-wise. . . . They get it all free. And we are paying for it.” • “They come over when they are nine-months pregnant. Go straight to the hospital. They don’t have to pay for the hospital. They have their baby. They’re set! …. one after another.” • “You can see people come in and they’ll have $3000 in food stamps, $2400 in food stamps. How does one person make that much in a month? You don’t. They’re selling them.” • Change birthright citizenship policy. “That’s going to be the only way they’ll stop” coming illegally.
  5. 5. DE P ARTMENT OF PUB L IC S A F E T Y REGIONA L HE ADQUART ERS , WE S L ACO
  6. 6. DPS BRIEF ING • By Reg. Commander Jose Rodriguez & FEMA Coordinator Kevin Hanes with State Reps from the Valley: Lucio & Munoz • In addition to its troopers patrolling roadways, it utilizes aircraft, helicopters, armored boats. • Highest number of pursuits of criminals in the state. • It coordinates well with US CBP. • However, they are facing challenges: • Feds threshold for prosecuting human smuggling: 6–8 people. • Limited access to federal refuges: not allowed to break branches & must go on ATVs.… • The border is much less secure in TX compared to CA and AZ and TX has half the federal resources per border mile.
  7. 7. LOTS OF AGRICUL TURAL LAND
  8. 8. REYNOSA, MEXICO HI LDALGO, TEXAS
  9. 9. L ARGE & DENS E L Y POPUL A T ED ARE A S
  10. 10. LOT S OF ACCE S S & US E S OF THE RI V ER
  11. 11. BORDER WA L L I S NOT ON THE BORDER
  12. 12. L ENGTHY P ENINSUL A INTO ME X ICO
  13. 13. L ENGTHY P ENINSUL A INTO T E X A S
  14. 14. COMP L E X : US , ME X ICO, US , ME X ICO
  15. 15. NON-CONT IGUOUS BORDER WA L L
  16. 16. DENS E UNDERBRUSH & HIGH GRA S S
  17. 17. ANZ A LDUA S DAM & P ARK
  18. 18. DP S ARMORED GUN BOA T S
  19. 19. RECRE A T IONA L ARE A IN ME X ICO
  20. 20. NUMEROUS CA B INS , V ACA T ION HOUS E S , BOA T RAMP S IN ME X ICO
  21. 21. J E T S K I S ARE US ED TO TRANS PORT P EOP L E ACROS S THE RI V ER
  22. 22. US CUS TOMS & BORDER PROT ECT ION IN T E X A S • 40 counties • 59,500 sq. miles • 9 stations in 5 sectors • Rio Grande Valley • Laredo • Del Rio • Big Bend • El Paso
  23. 23. US CB P —RIO GRANDE V A L L E Y S ECTOR • RGV is busiest patrol sector in U.S. • Apprehended 200,000+ this FY. • 53% of all detainees in US. • 3049 agents plus hundreds of temporary. Need 700 more. • 25% of detainees from Mexico. Also from China, Syria, Pakistan, India, Afghanistan. • Fingerprints are run to check to see if any have been in battlefield. • 56 miles of fence & remote video • CA & AZ have more infrastructure. • Criminals taking advantage of situation with asylum seekers— whom do not avoid detection. • Focus: Anzalduas Dam south
  24. 24. WHY ARE THE CHI LDREN & FAMI L IES COMING HERE TO SOUTH TEXAS? • Shortest train route from Central America • Buses, highways • Heavily populated areas • Protected lands • Agricultural land
  25. 25. Numerous Protected Lands in Green
  26. 26. WHY ARE THE CHI LDREN & FAMI L IES COMING TO SOUTH TEXAS NOW? • Violence in Central America • Some highest murder rates in the world per 1000 people: Honduras 90, El Salvador 41, Guatamala 40 • Sexual assault & slavery • Re-unification with families • Opportunity • Federal Law and Executive Order & Policy
  27. 27. US CBP STAT ION DETENT ION CENTER
  28. 28. US CBP STAT ION SAL LY PORT
  29. 29. OVERWHELMED WI TH DETAINEES • Less than 100 beds nationwide for family units • Released on bonds or their own recognizance • McAllen CBP Station • 1200 apprehensions per day for past month • 600 agents • 40% of CBP agents used for processing
  30. 30. ILLEGAL ENTRIES Mexican Minors Familes Other 25% 20% 25% 30% Mexicans repatriated same day. Others evading arrest. Half are minors & families seeking asylum.
  31. 31. Tx 88% of total Exponential increase in Tx Projected for FY Source of data: http://www.cbp.gov/newsroom/stats/southwest-border-unaccompanied-children
  32. 32. ` Not a wholly new problem
  33. 33. AL IENS REMOVED OR RETURNED: F ISCAL YEARS 2 0 0 0 TO 2 0 1 2
  34. 34. T EMPORARY SHE L T ER IN LOS FRE SNOS
  35. 35. INT ERNA T IONA L EDUCA T IONA L S ERV ICE S • Run by religious charity begun in ‘80s • Contracts with US Office Refuge & Resettlement • Performs mental health screenings facilitates reunification with relatives • Pilot program turns over 200 each week. • 90% females sexually assaulted • 128 children from 8–12 years old • 72 children from 13–17 years old.
  36. 36. DORMI TORIES & CLASSROOMS
  37. 37. FOR MORE INFORMA T ION A BOUT CHARI T I E S • 4 Aid Options, Palm Valley Church — (956) 874-7973 • Rio Grande Valley Food Bank — (956) 682-8101 • Catholic Charities San Juan, TX — (956) 702-4088 • Catholic Charities Brownsville, TX — (956) 541-0220 • IES/ORR Volunteering - (956) 233-8800 • http://palmvalleychurch.com/about/aid/ • http://www.foodbankrgv.com/ • http://www.catholiccharitiesrgv.org/
  38. 38. PALO AL TO: F IRST BAT T LE OF THE US–MEXICAN WAR, MAY 8 , 1 8 4 6 ESTABL ISHED THE RIO GRANDE AS THE BOUNDARY BETWEEN THE US AND MEXICO.
  39. 39. 28 OF F ICIAL BORDER CROSSINGS
  40. 40. UT BROWNSVI L LE
  41. 41. VAL LEY BAPT IST MEDICAL CENTER BROWNSVI L LE
  42. 42. US CBP STAT ION, MCAL LEN
  43. 43. OPERAT ION STRONG SAFETY $ 1 . 3 MI L L ION PER WEEK
  44. 44. AEROSTAT ( TETHERED BL IMP)
  45. 45. LARGE CORPORAT IONS DISTRIBUT ION FACI L I T IES
  46. 46. LAREDO PORT OF ENTRY
  47. 47. COMMI S S ION E R OF U S C B P , GI L K E R L I KOWS K E • Launching an advertising campaign for Central Americans • “If you do get to the US, you will not be put on a path to citizenship. There’s no permisio.” • “It’s a dangerous journey and many lose their lives or are sexually assaulted.” • Playing on TV, placards on buses in central America. • Supports returning children to country of origin within two weeks. • Friend of DPS Director Steve McCraw • Third trip to Texas border in last several months
  48. 48. INTERNAL US CBP CHECKPOINT “ A R E Y O U U . S . C I T I Z E N S ? ”
  49. 49. DEL RIO COUNTY COURT HOUSE
  50. 50. V A L V ERDE COUNT Y OF F ICI A L S
  51. 51. FOOT PATH AROUND BORDER FENCE NEAR PORT OF ENTRY
  52. 52. SEMINOLE CANYON STATE PARK PANTHER CREEK PICTOGRAPHS
  53. 53. US CPB AGENT DRAGGING ROAD
  54. 54. BIG BEND NAT IONAL PARK BOQUI L LAS BORDER CROSSING OVERLOOK
  55. 55. SANTA ELENA CANYON
  56. 56. TERL INGUA F IRE & EMS
  57. 57. WARNOCK VISI TORS CENTER BIG BEND RANCH STATE PARK
  58. 58. LAJ I TAS, TEXAS LAJ I TAS, MEXICO
  59. 59. SOME OF OLDEST CONT INUOUSLY FARMED LAND IN THE U.S. NEAR PRESIDIO
  60. 60. PRESIDIO PORT OF ENTRY
  61. 61. MEXICAN CONSUL TATE, PRESIDIO
  62. 62. IMMIGRANTS FROM CAL I FORNIA
  63. 63. Summary Ou r b o r d e r i s INSECURE & OVERWHELMED wi t h a s y l um s e e k e r s . Ou r immi g r a t i o n p o l i c i e s a r e DYSFUNCT IONAL .
  64. 64. Dysfunctional Policies • Promise to Appear “permisio” policy without enforcement undermines the rule of law. • Central American parents are likely to believe word of mouth advertising more than gov’t ads. • We are entrusting children to relatives who may not be legal residents nor adequately vetted.
  65. 65. Dysfunctional Policies • Legal vs. Illegal Standard • Background checks — Two years vs. days • Medical Screening — In-Depth vs. Cursory • We provide K-12 education, but students cannot receive a drivers license. • If we require eVerify, we will have educated students, but will not let them work.
  66. 66. Dysfunctional Policies • We attract illegal entry and residence by: • Providing Public Healthcare & Education • Creating a vacuum for workers by paying Americans not to work.
  67. 67. Laws & Policies • Unintended Consequences of The William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Act in 2008. • Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program enacted on June 15, 2012 has exacerbated the problem.
  68. 68. US CONST I TUT ION • Citizenship • US Congress may “establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization” (Art. I, Sec. 8) • Immigration • US Congress may “define and punish . . . Offenses against the Law of Nations” (Art. I, Sec. 8) • “The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to [1808]” (Art. I, Sec. 9)
  69. 69. What can the U.S. do? • Provide proportionate resources to Customs & Border Patrol & Immigration Courts in Texas. • Allow law enforcement greater access to federal lands along the border. • Swift determination of asylees at the border and recognition of reasonable limits. • Reduce gov’t. welfare & rely on charities • Require legal status for birthright citizenship.
  70. 70. What can Texas do? • Require compliance with immigration law for K–12 ed. • Reduce gov’t. safety net to more reasonable levels: • Reducing unemployment payments • Providing only critical emergency healthcare • Overturn the mandate to educate aliens who have entered the country illegally or who are still residents of Mexico—Plyler v. Doe.
  71. 71. Plyler v. Doe • Required public schools to offer free educational services to undocumented school-age children. • Smith County case filed in 1977; decided by the SCOTUS in 1982. • The Court did not rule that a state could not deny the free public education to undocumented children, but that if it chooses to do so the denial must be justified by showing that it furthers some substantial state interest. • The facts have changed since 1977 in the numbers of immigrants and the danger to our state and nation from borders that are not secure.
  72. 72. Plyler v. Doe Reform • Require a guardian of an undocumented minor to provide proof that the child is in the legal process to become a permanent resident of the U.S. before admitting them to a public school. This would serve legitimate state purposes of : • Deterring illegal immigration; • Improving security on the border by decreasing the number of minors coming across the border, thereby enabling law enforcement and border patrol to focus on the criminal element coming across; and • Reducing human trafficking, drug smuggling, and terrorism threats. • A change in law will result in an immediate court challenge so the solution is not immediate.
  73. 73. OTHER PRINCIPLES FOR CONSIDERAT ION • Mercy and truth preserve the king, And by lovingkindness he upholds his throne. –Proverbs 20:28 • He [God] administers justice for the fatherless and the widow, and loves the stranger, giving him food and clothing. Therefore love the stranger, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. –Dt. 10:18-19 • And if a stranger dwells with you in your land, you shall not mistreat him. The stranger who dwells among you shall be to you as one born among you, and you shall love him as yourself; for you were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God. –Lev. 19:33-34
  74. 74. BROAD PRINCIPLES • Secure and control the border. (Avoiding extremes of completely closed or open borders). • Allow freedom to travel & work. (Minds & muscle. Not another USSR.) • Give opportunity for refugees, asylum and naturalization (Doing unto others as we . . . ).
  75. 75. BROAD PRINCIPLES • Enforce just and reasonable laws: • Distinguish between serious crimes & violations of civil order. • Equal justice for citizen & non-citizen (unalienable rights). • Do not reward violations of the law (amnesty). • We need both a dam & a conduit.
  76. 76. HOOVER DAM DIVERSION TUNNEL
  77. 77. HOOVER DAM NEEDLE VALVES
  78. 78. HOOVER DAM GENERATORS
  79. 79. “In a multitude of people is a king’s honor, But in the lack of people is the downfall of a prince.” PROVERBS 1 4 : 2 8
  80. 80. HOPE Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door! OF INDEPENDENCE
  81. 81. INFORMAL INTERVIEWS • Retail Cashier, Weslaco • Three servers, South Padre Island • Texas State Rep. Eddie Lucio, Brownsville • Eligio Pena, Assistant Chief Patrol Agent, US CBP, Edinburg • Raul L. Ortiz, Deputy Chief Patrol Agent, US CBP, RGV Sector, McAllen • US Congressman Michael Burgess • IES Staff, Los Fresnos • Three US CBP Agents near Laredo’s Port of Entry • R. Gil Kerlikowske, Commissioner of US CBP • Former Bed & Breakfast Owner, Eagle Pass • Texas State Rep. Poncho Nevárez, Eagle Pass • Seminole Canyon State Park Police Officer • Eric Bayne, Defense Attorney in Del Rio • Laura Allen, County Judge, Val Verde County • Joe Frank Martinez, Sheriff, Val Verde County • Donna Langford, Director, Del Rio Chamber of Commerce • Robert E. Cadena, 83rd District Judge, Del Rio • Juan G. Bernal, Assistant Chief US CBP Agent, Del Rio • David Vera, Operations Officer, US CBP, Del Rio Sector • Bob Smith, Supervisor of Boquillas Port of Entry & Ranger, Big Ben National Park • Greg P. Henington, Terlingua Fire & EMS Chief • Barrett Durst, Big Bend Ranch State Park Manager, Policeman • Lou McKaughan, Big Bend State Park Ranger • Law enforcement officer passing through Fort Stockton
  82. 82. A S P E C I A L T H A N K S TO WHO MA D E T H I S T R I P POS S I B L E : • My wife, daughters, & parents • HD7 Constituents & Staff, Michael Bullock & Kathi Seay • Texas State Rep. Eddie Lucio & his Chief of Staff, Ruben O’Bell • US Rep. Michael Burgess • US CBP Agents in Weslaco, McAllen, & Del Rio • International Educational Services Staff, Los Fresnos • US Rep. Pete Gallego & Assistant Michael Pacheco • Laura Allen, County Judge of Val Verde County • Seminole Canyon State Park Police Officer • Big Bend State Park Ranger Lou McKaughan

×