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The Who in Collections: Revealing the Network of Collectors and Determiners of Bat Specimens

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The Who in Collections: Revealing the Network of Collectors and Determiners of Bat Specimens

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Workshop Invite:

We invite you to bring your extensive knowledge of bats and historic and present-day bat collectors to a special two-hour workshop designed to enable building a master list of the world’s bat collectors.

We will explore the digitally accessible bat specimen records in the Families Hipposideridae and Rhinolophidae and actively link these to the people who collected and/or identified them. This will be a state of the art, new approach in which you will also receive brief training on the use of ORCID, Wikidata, and a new online resource called Bionomia. No technical skills are required, just your unique, insider knowledge of chiropterologists and bat collections across the world.

You will be helping to create links in the biodiversity knowledge network that will aid in the uncovering of what is known, but currently hidden, and enable future digitization efforts. Through your work and Bionomia, you may also discover the research in which your specimens may have played a part, and just where your specimens are now and who else has looked at them. You’ll be participating in a pilot run for this new kind of community data enhancement campaign helping us discover the potential for doing this in the future for other taxa (e.g., Revealing the Who in Bird Collecting).

Workshop Invite:

We invite you to bring your extensive knowledge of bats and historic and present-day bat collectors to a special two-hour workshop designed to enable building a master list of the world’s bat collectors.

We will explore the digitally accessible bat specimen records in the Families Hipposideridae and Rhinolophidae and actively link these to the people who collected and/or identified them. This will be a state of the art, new approach in which you will also receive brief training on the use of ORCID, Wikidata, and a new online resource called Bionomia. No technical skills are required, just your unique, insider knowledge of chiropterologists and bat collections across the world.

You will be helping to create links in the biodiversity knowledge network that will aid in the uncovering of what is known, but currently hidden, and enable future digitization efforts. Through your work and Bionomia, you may also discover the research in which your specimens may have played a part, and just where your specimens are now and who else has looked at them. You’ll be participating in a pilot run for this new kind of community data enhancement campaign helping us discover the potential for doing this in the future for other taxa (e.g., Revealing the Who in Bird Collecting).

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The Who in Collections: Revealing the Network of Collectors and Determiners of Bat Specimens

  1. 1. The “Who” in Collections Revealing the Network of Collectors and Determiners of Bat Specimens David P. Shorthouse, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7618-5230 Deborah Paul, Species File Group, Tallahassee, Florida https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2639-7520 Nancy Simmons, American Museum of Natural History, New York https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8807-7499
  2. 2. Tigga Kingston (US) Jodi Sedlock (US) Brock Fenton (CA) Victor Van Cakenberghe (BE) Paul Bates (GB) Nancy Simmons (US) Paul W. Webala (KE) Cody Thompson (US) Roberto Portela Miguez (GB) Gabor Csorba (HU) Kendra Phelps (US) Jocelyn Colella (US) Emma Teeling (IE) Adam Ferguson (US) Erik Verheyen (BE) Cristiane Bastos Silveira (PT) DeeAnn Reeder (US) Bruce Patterson (US) Gary Kwiecinski (US) Muhammad Idnan (PK) Shriranjani Iyer(IN) Kendra Phelps (US) Ashok Manekar (IN) Nursel Asan (TR) Aliaksei Shpak (BY) Tariq Ahmed Shah (IN) Thangsuanlian Naulak (IN) Leigh Richards (ZA) Shariful Islam (BD) Shahzad Ali (PK) Rajesh Puttaswamaiah (IN) Yafhed Martínez (MX) Anna Nele Herdina (AT) Ara Monadjem (SZ) Siti Rabiatul Fajri (ID) Mohammed Lamine Bendjeddou (RO) Dau Lal Bohra (IN) Jayaraj Vijaya Kumaran (MY) Gabriela Rios-Sotelo (US) Muhammad Muhajir Hasibuan (ID) Sophie Gryseels (BE) Clare Mateke (ZM) Tamara Szentivanyi (US) Deb Paul (US) David Shorthouse (CA) Aja Sherman (US) Trevor Dalton (US) Erica Krimmel (US) Katie Pearson (US) James Pagé (CA) Muhammad Aminuddin Baqi bin Hasrizal Fuad (MY) Azniza Mahyudin (MY) Burton Lim (CA) Bob Timm (US) Kuenzeng Dorji (BT) Facilitators Siobhan Leachman (NZ) Wikipedian
  3. 3. This RAPID award will produce and deliver a georeferenced, vetted and consolidated data product for horseshoe bats and related species to facilitate understanding of the sources, distribution, and spread of SARS-CoV-2 and related viruses, a timely response to the ongoing global pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 and an important contribution to the global effort to consolidate and provide quality data that are relevant to understanding emergent and other properties the current pandemic. This RAPID award is made by the Division of Biological Infrastructure (DBI) using funds from the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act.
  4. 4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fB1YtQgGSII (1.5 hr)
  5. 5. Distributed Systems of Scientific Collections (DiSSCo)
  6. 6. Key Integrators in the Biological Sciences Time Place Scientific Names
  7. 7. People… …we scatter breadcrumbs that corroborate time, place, and scientific names
  8. 8. Our Immediate Goal Link digitally available bat specimen data to their collectors & determiners • Reveal errors or inconsistencies in transcription • Dates, georeferencing, determinations • Enhance the RAPID data product • Dynamic list of experts, living &/or deceased But… We do not know all the bat collectors & determiners
  9. 9. Why Link People to Biodiversity Data? Credit & recognition History of science Facilitate new discoveries Gateway to linking other items (eg field notes, publications, sequences) Detect errors or fill gaps Engage with new local and international audiences (eg genealogists)
  10. 10. But what is a Person in this context? A human with an open, verifiable, and shared digital identifier. eg Michael Carleton https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2401-0564 What is an Agent String in this context? A string of characters purported to represent a person as might be present on or transcribed from a specimen label but without a link to a digital identifier. eg “M. Carleton”
  11. 11. Pteropodidae J. E. Gray, 1821 Rhinopomatidae Bonaparte, 1838 Craseonycteridae Hill, 1974 Megadermatidae H. Allen, 1864 Rhinonycteridae J. E. Gray, 1866 Hipposideridae Lydekker, 1891 Rhinolophidae J. E. Gray, 1825 Nycteridae Van der Hoeven, 1855 Emballonuridae Gervais in de Castelnau, 1855 Myzopodidae Thomas, 1904 Mystacinidae Dobson, 1875 Thyropteridae Miller, 1907 Furipteridae J. E. Gray, 1866 Noctilionidae J. E. Gray, 1821 Mormoopidae Saussure, 1860 Phyllostomidae J. E. Gray, 1825 Natalidae J. E. Gray, 1825 Molossidae Gervais in de Castelnau, 1855 Miniopteridae Dobson, 1875 Cistugidae Lack et al., 2010 Vespertilionidae J. E. Gray, 1821 40,152 40,628 4,513 37 2,325 9,923 38,213 93 85 855 461 8,245 30,564 95,716 337,350 6,862 107,473 27,609 21 285,527 2,930 agent strings of collectors & determiners
  12. 12. Part of Our Task is to Churn… STRINGS => THINGS Agent String => Person “M. Carleton” => https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2401-0564 Semantic Web-ready URI
  13. 13. GBIF Agent Strings Parsed from raw specimen data
  14. 14. Known People Clean, curated list with identifiers
  15. 15. Identifier Systems for People Open, metadata can be created, edited, or removed Has open tools and modern services Centralized, financially and technically sustainable Machine-readable & actionable Reusable for widely disparate purposes
  16. 16. Global Biodiversity Information Facility https://gbif.org
  17. 17. ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier (an ORCID iD) that you own and control, and that distinguishes you from every other researcher. https://orcid.org
  18. 18. Aliases, birth & death dates, affiliations, links to other identifiers, employment history, country of citizenship, field of work, education, … …and each statement can point to evidence https://www.wikidata.org
  19. 19. Near-term Goals & Other Possible Outcomes Roll the links between person & specimen into collections Improve tools & services as we make linkages Facilitate how stories are told with visualizations
  20. 20. https://bionomia.net
  21. 21. https://bionomia.net/taxon/Rhinolophidae
  22. 22. https://bionomia.net/taxon/Hipposideridae
  23. 23. Task #1 Visit https://orcid.org and create a profile if you don’t already have one Make public: • “Also known as” names • Your employment & education • Your country • Your keywords, websites, other IDs • Your publications
  24. 24. Task #2 Login to Bionomia, https://bionomia.net/ with your ORCID credentials & claim your specimen records
  25. 25. Optional Task #1 – Breakout Room “Strings” Add your knowledge about the unknown “Agent Strings” Add web site URLs to “Notes” where possible Indicate if living or deceased Add anything that might help Put your initials in brackets
  26. 26. Optional Task #2 – Breakout Room “Things” Claim your specimen records & attribute some to known people Add your name to the “Claimant” column to tell others here Share any interesting notes, tidbits in the agenda
  27. 27. Attributing Specimens Known People example: Glover Morrill Allen https://bionomia.net/Q1532266
  28. 28. Attributing Specimens Known People example: Glover Morrill Allen https://bionomia.net/Q1532266
  29. 29. Done attributing? Make public, refresh stats
  30. 30. Attributing specimens Known people example: Jodi Sedlock https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2767-5932
  31. 31. Let’s get started (two paths) 1. Working list of “Agents” and People 2. See Known People tab 3. Claimant: Claim some to work on in Bionomia 4. Click Bionomia Helping URL to start claiming
  32. 32. Let’s get started (two paths) 1. Working list of “Agents” and People 2. See GBIF Agent Strings tab 3. Notes column: add information, your initials in (), add sources if possible
  33. 33. Schedule 11:15 AM – 3:00 PM EST Working on your own or in breakout rooms 2:00 PM – 2:30 PM EST Join Siobhan Leachman in main Zoom room to learn Wikidata 3:00 PM – 4:00 PM EST Report back, illustration of what we accomplished, wrap-up, share insights, discuss next steps

Editor's Notes

  • Click on Bionomia Link in the Known People spreadsheet
    Example: https://bionomia.net/help-others/Q1532266
    Note these are not Rhinolophidae or Hipposideridae
  • Filter (if needed)
    Start claiming (collected, identified, both, not them)
    Use Bulk Attributions if there are many.
    For those comfy with spreadsheets in CSV format.
  • Andre Brosset
    https://bionomia.net/help-others/Q21393822
    Claim, then make Public > triggers Tweet > you get credit
    Refresh if Wikidata information (or ORCID info) changes.

    Works the same for folks with ORCID, but you won’t be able to make their Profiles public!
  • See Walter Reeves Zappey
    He’ll need a Wikidata page, BEFORE he can get added to Bionomia.
    All (well most) of data needed to create a page for him is now there.
    See Siobhan’s presentation to learn how to do this – or share to show others.
    OR work with a partner.

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