GLOBALBIODIVERSITY   INFORMATION               FACILITY               An Inspirational Large                 Scale Interna...
Outline                      • Basis of the GBIF Collaboration                          • Focus                          •...
The Basis of the Collaboration    BiodiversityPhoto by David Remsen
The focus of the Collaboration    Free and open access    To biodiversity dataPhoto by Greg Basco
Biodiversity Information            Information or data linked to a scientific name
Biodiversity data                                                              Spanning Centuries                         ...
Biodiversity Informatics
Primary Biodiversity Data                    Billions and billions of specimens
Primary Biodiversity Data • Spans Centuries • Vouchered                                              1874                 ...
Primary Biodiversity Data    Important focus of biodiversity informatics
Basis of the Collaboration             HistoryPhoto by Greg BascoPhoto by Christian Lange
History• 33 (mostly) developed countries• Megascience Forum est. 1992  – Address the gap between scientists’    perceived ...
History• 1996 Working Group on Biological Informatics  – Biodiversity information is vast and complex  – Existing informat...
History• Establish a Global Biodiversity Information  Facility (GBIF)  – 2001 – GBIF Secretariat in Copenhagen  – 2002 ini...
Organisation of the Collaboration                       Social Photo by Greg Basco
GBIF Organisation
GBIF Organisation
GBIF Governing Board
GBIF Organisation
GBIF Funding• If you fund you get a vote on the Gov. Board• World Bank publishes GDP (in billions USD)• Multiplied by     ...
GBIF Participant Countries
GBIF Organisation                   54 Countries (32 Voting/22 Assoc)                   45 International Organisations  ...
Organisation of the Collaboration            TechnicalPhoto by Greg Basco
Collaboration: Standards-enabled            Dublin Darwin Core
Australia: National-level organisation  Australian Virtual Herbarium  Atlas of Living Australia
USA: Network of networks  • MANIS  • VertNet  • NBII  • ORNIS  • eBIRD  • NatureServe                  Personal Trust
GBIF Network: Global Discovery            Personal Trust
GBIF Network: Global Discovery            Personal Trust
Global Discovery: data portal
216 million biodiversity data records
Using biodiversity data: Interoperability
Using biodiversity data
Using biodiversity data              Reveal & verify migration trends/patterns              Trans-boundary issues
Using biodiversity data   • Crop wild relatives   • Changes in species richness under   climate change scenarios
Impacts on the Collaboration                      Social Impacts       TrustPhoto by Greg Basco                      Coord...
Personal Trust: Data in    Facetime is critical    Recognition - citation/attribution    Personally-Enabled
Personal Trust: Data Out                           • Documentation                           • Annotation                 ...
National Trust                 A History of Exploitation                      North/South divide
Data Repatriation
Coordination           Design by Committee• The defining characteristics of "design by  committee" are needless complexity...
Collaborative Requirements Capture          Core Implementation
Impacts & Influences on the Collaboration                              Technical Impacts                             Some ...
Impacts on the Collaboration                      Don’t build your network on a house of cardsPhoto by Greg Basco
Impacts on the Collaboration                        Put the burden on the                                infrastructure   ...
Gauging measures of success                   The best network            is the one you don’t seeData record numbers – ti...
Impacts of the CollaborationPhoto by Greg Basco   Social Impacts
Mainstreaming Data SharingMediation
Enabling regionalisationDecentralised use of the infrastructure
Impacts of the Collaboration     Technical Impacts The consequences of Scale
Consequences of ScaleSocial sharing is progressive                But may impact Trust
Consequences of Scale               Data sharing is conservative                           even regressive• Federated Sear...
The Global Biodiversity Information System           Thank you                 David Remsen               dremsen@gbif.org
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Collaboration Forum Keynote

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Keynote presentation at the Collaboration Forum meeting in Washington DC, May 2010

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  • A component of a comprehensive strategy for addressing names as components of biodiversity information. Names in the wild frontiers.
  • From the past
  • And it’s delivered by an assortment of interests in biology and information management that have consolidated into something called Biodiversity Informatics – a relatively new domain of biological informatics that fills a gaping hole between traditional bioinformatics with its focus on genomes and Ecoinformatics that looks at entire landscapes and their interaction with the physical world.
  • SCOPE of biodiversity data.
  • SCOPE of biodiversity data.
  • And Im going to tell you about just a tiny piece of this
  • Update these to current
  • Picture of a regional meeting or people here.
  • National Level vs Personal
  • Don’t want their problems/ challenges solved for them. Lessons from Entebbe. Development of regional centers and independence from the central GBIFS.
  • Don’t want their problems/ challenges solved for them. Lessons from Entebbe. Development of regional centers and independence from the central GBIFS.
  • Don’t want their problems/ challenges solved for them. Lessons from Entebbe. Development of regional centers and independence from the central GBIFS.
  • Collaboration Forum Keynote

    1. 1. GLOBALBIODIVERSITY INFORMATION FACILITY An Inspirational Large Scale International Collaboration David Remsen Senior Programme Officer September 2010 WWW.GBIF.ORG
    2. 2. Outline • Basis of the GBIF Collaboration • Focus • Scope • Organisation of the Collaboration • Social • Technical • Impacts & Influences on the Collaboration • Social • Technical • Impacts & Influences of the Collaboration • Social • TechnicalPhoto by Greg Basco
    3. 3. The Basis of the Collaboration BiodiversityPhoto by David Remsen
    4. 4. The focus of the Collaboration Free and open access To biodiversity dataPhoto by Greg Basco
    5. 5. Biodiversity Information Information or data linked to a scientific name
    6. 6. Biodiversity data Spanning Centuries International Barcode of Life, 2010 From T.E. Glover, The Fishes of Southwestern Japan, c.1870 Spanning Continents
    7. 7. Biodiversity Informatics
    8. 8. Primary Biodiversity Data Billions and billions of specimens
    9. 9. Primary Biodiversity Data • Spans Centuries • Vouchered 1874 Billions and billions of specimens
    10. 10. Primary Biodiversity Data Important focus of biodiversity informatics
    11. 11. Basis of the Collaboration HistoryPhoto by Greg BascoPhoto by Christian Lange
    12. 12. History• 33 (mostly) developed countries• Megascience Forum est. 1992 – Address the gap between scientists’ perceived future requirements and those of their political authorities
    13. 13. History• 1996 Working Group on Biological Informatics – Biodiversity information is vast and complex – Existing information is neither accessible nor fully useful – Recent technological and political developments presented OECD with leadership opportunity
    14. 14. History• Establish a Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) – 2001 – GBIF Secretariat in Copenhagen – 2002 initiated a work programme
    15. 15. Organisation of the Collaboration Social Photo by Greg Basco
    16. 16. GBIF Organisation
    17. 17. GBIF Organisation
    18. 18. GBIF Governing Board
    19. 19. GBIF Organisation
    20. 20. GBIF Funding• If you fund you get a vote on the Gov. Board• World Bank publishes GDP (in billions USD)• Multiplied by Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Factor 121.00 139.15 153.48 166.22 177.36• USA 2009 = 14,256 * 153.48 = ~2M• then various allowed adjustments
    21. 21. GBIF Participant Countries
    22. 22. GBIF Organisation  54 Countries (32 Voting/22 Assoc)  45 International Organisations  100s institutions  8000+ databases
    23. 23. Organisation of the Collaboration TechnicalPhoto by Greg Basco
    24. 24. Collaboration: Standards-enabled Dublin Darwin Core
    25. 25. Australia: National-level organisation Australian Virtual Herbarium Atlas of Living Australia
    26. 26. USA: Network of networks • MANIS • VertNet • NBII • ORNIS • eBIRD • NatureServe Personal Trust
    27. 27. GBIF Network: Global Discovery Personal Trust
    28. 28. GBIF Network: Global Discovery Personal Trust
    29. 29. Global Discovery: data portal
    30. 30. 216 million biodiversity data records
    31. 31. Using biodiversity data: Interoperability
    32. 32. Using biodiversity data
    33. 33. Using biodiversity data Reveal & verify migration trends/patterns Trans-boundary issues
    34. 34. Using biodiversity data • Crop wild relatives • Changes in species richness under climate change scenarios
    35. 35. Impacts on the Collaboration Social Impacts TrustPhoto by Greg Basco Coordination
    36. 36. Personal Trust: Data in Facetime is critical Recognition - citation/attribution Personally-Enabled
    37. 37. Personal Trust: Data Out • Documentation • Annotation • Standards Social • Technically-enabled Photo by David Remsen
    38. 38. National Trust A History of Exploitation North/South divide
    39. 39. Data Repatriation
    40. 40. Coordination Design by Committee• The defining characteristics of "design by committee" are needless complexity, internal inconsistency, logical flaws, banality, and the lack of a unifying vision. TO BE AVOIDED (BUT HARDER THAN IT SEEMS)
    41. 41. Collaborative Requirements Capture Core Implementation
    42. 42. Impacts & Influences on the Collaboration Technical Impacts Some lessons learned Photo by Christian Lange
    43. 43. Impacts on the Collaboration Don’t build your network on a house of cardsPhoto by Greg Basco
    44. 44. Impacts on the Collaboration Put the burden on the infrastructure Not the usersPhoto by Greg Basco
    45. 45. Gauging measures of success The best network is the one you don’t seeData record numbers – tip of the iceberg
    46. 46. Impacts of the CollaborationPhoto by Greg Basco Social Impacts
    47. 47. Mainstreaming Data SharingMediation
    48. 48. Enabling regionalisationDecentralised use of the infrastructure
    49. 49. Impacts of the Collaboration Technical Impacts The consequences of Scale
    50. 50. Consequences of ScaleSocial sharing is progressive But may impact Trust
    51. 51. Consequences of Scale Data sharing is conservative even regressive• Federated Search• Databases to indexes• XML to CSV• Complex Protocols to good old HTTP• LifeWatch & staying grounded
    52. 52. The Global Biodiversity Information System Thank you David Remsen dremsen@gbif.org

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