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Understanding The Azure Platform Jan


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An overview of the Microsoft Azure platform, including Windows Azure and SQL Azure and AppFabric

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Understanding The Azure Platform Jan

  1. 1. Understanding Azure<br />David Gristwood<br />Application Architect, Microsoft <br /><br />@ScroffTheBad<br />
  2. 2. Why a Cloud Platform?<br />Reduce capital & operations costs<br />Simplify application deployment & management <br />Simplify scaling to internet scale<br />Cost effectively handle peak loads<br />Focus on new functionality & not infrastructure<br />
  3. 3. The Azure Philosophy<br />
  4. 4. Azure is about Scale<br /><ul><li>Azure is designed from the ground up for true Internet scale
  5. 5. Builds on our existing on-line properties and services
  6. 6. Supports the “Scale Fast, Fail Fast” model to ride the peaks and troughs</li></ul><br />
  7. 7. Characteristics of Azure Applications<br />“Scale & Elasticity” <br /><ul><li>Need massive scale
  8. 8. Need high reliability
  9. 9. Have variable load
  10. 10. Have short or unpredictable lifetime</li></ul><br />
  11. 11. Helps your Systems Scale<br /><ul><li>Most architecture is hidden inside code
  12. 12. Azure encourages you to define your application into constituent parts
  13. 13. Azure can scale the parts of your application as appropriate</li></ul><br />
  14. 14. Flexible Architecture <br /><ul><li>Systems evolve over time
  15. 15. Cloud is not an “all or nothing” proposition
  16. 16. Azure makes it easier to extend to the cloud</li></ul><br />
  17. 17. Opening up the Cloud<br /><ul><li>Allow developers to apply their existing skills to the cloud
  18. 18. Support for .NET, Ruby, PHP, Java
  19. 19. Interoperability with any platform, tools or technology </li></ul><br />
  20. 20. Flexible Business Model<br /><ul><li>No up front hardware purchase
  21. 21. Pay as you go costing model
  22. 22. Ideal in current economical climate </li></ul><br />
  23. 23. Data Centers<br />
  24. 24. Windows Azure Platform Availability <br />2010<br />Northern Europe<br />North Central USA<br />2010<br />2010<br />Eastern Asia<br />Western Europe <br />South Central USA<br />2010<br />Southeast Asia<br />
  25. 25. Delivering an Efficient & Sustainable Cloud<br />Microsoft has run Online Servicessince 1994<br />1st MSFT datacentre built in 1989 <br />Running Online Services 24x7x365 <br />MSN launched beta in 1994/public in 1995<br />Global service delivery to 59 markets/36 languages<br />∙ 30B Live ID authentications/month ∙ 2B Bing queries/month<br /> ∙ 10B MSN page views/month ∙ 240B Messenger messages/month<br />Global Infrastructure to Run Your Services World Wide<br />Quincy, WA: Approx 500K sq ft, hydro-powered<br />San Antonio, TX: Approx 475K sq ft, recyclable water<br />Chicago, IL: Approx 700K sq ft, water economization<br />Dublin, Ireland: Approx 303+K sq ft, air economization<br />
  26. 26. Chicago Datacentre – Scalable, Sustainable <br />One of world’s largest datacentres using containers, on-line on July 2009<br />Cost $500 million, 700k sq ft facility (approx 16 football fields)<br />30 MegaWatts today, 60 MW for future use<br />ISO 27001:2005 Accreditation<br />SAS 70 Type I and II Attestations<br />40 ft containers with 1800-2500 servers <br />Density of 10 times amount of compute in equivalent space in traditional datacentres<br />Optimizes efficiency, reduces wastes and carbon footprint <br />Delivers an average PUE of 1.22<br />Plug-and-play infrastructure = Rapid Deployment <br />
  27. 27. Dublin Datacentre<br /><ul><li>First Mega Datacentre built outside the US, on-line on July 2009
  28. 28. Cost $500 million, 303+sq ft facility and growing
  29. 29. EU Datacenter Best Practice Award Winner
  30. 30. Stand-alone Server Pods
  31. 31. Environmentally Sustainable
  32. 32. Free Air-Cooling via Air-Side Economization
  33. 33. 50% less energy use vs. traditional facilities
  34. 34. 1 % water use vs. traditional facilities
  35. 35. 1.25 PUE
  36. 36. 5.4MegaWatts today, 22.2 MW for future use
  37. 37. ISO 27001:2005 Accreditation
  38. 38. SAS 70 Type I and II Attestations</li></li></ul><li>Windows Azure<br />
  39. 39. The Azure PlatformThe Big Picture<br />AppFabric<br />SQL Azure<br />Applications<br />Windows Azure<br />Applications<br />Others<br />Mobile<br />Desktop<br />Server<br />
  40. 40. Application<br /> Compute<br />Storage<br />Fabric<br />Config<br />AppFabric<br />Applications<br />SQL Azure<br />Windows Azure<br />Applications<br />Mobile<br />Desktop<br />Server<br />Others<br />
  41. 41. Azure Development<br />
  42. 42. Windows Azure for Application Developers<br />Hosted<br />Service<br />Portal<br />SDK<br />Storage<br />Develop<br />Run<br />Deploy<br />
  43. 43. Development Fabric and Storage<br />Local Machine<br />Windows Azure Simulation Environment <br />Development Storage<br />Development Fabric<br />
  44. 44. Visual Studio 2010<br />
  45. 45. Portal<br />
  46. 46. Windows Azure Features<br />
  47. 47. Web vs Worker Role<br />Worker Role<br />Web Role<br />System Host<br />IIS Host<br />Your Code<br />Your Code<br />
  48. 48. Common Azure Pattern<br />Worker Role<br />Web Role<br />Queue<br />Storage<br />Blob<br />Storage<br />
  49. 49. Storage<br />Storage*<br />Queue<br />Blob<br />Account<br />Tables<br />* New for 2010 - “Drives” – durable NTFS volumes built on Blob storage<br />
  50. 50. Blobs<br />Blobs<br />Containers<br />Photo1.png<br />Photo2.png<br />Pictures<br />Photo3.png<br />
  51. 51. Tables<br />Entities<br />Tables<br />Genre = …<br />Title = …<br />Movies<br />Genre = …<br />Title = …<br />Actors<br />Name = …<br />DOB = …<br />
  52. 52. Partitions and Rows<br />
  53. 53. Blobs<br />Blobs<br />Containers<br />Photo1.png<br />Photo2.png<br />Pictures<br />Photo3.png<br />
  54. 54. Queues<br />Messages<br />Queues<br />“Body1”<br />“Body2”<br />ThumbnailJobs<br />“Body3”<br />
  55. 55. The Fabric<br />
  56. 56. Fault Domains<br />
  57. 57. Lights-Out Service Management <br />Create services at the developer portal<br />Manage services programmatically using the Service Management API<br />Use in combination with diagnostics API to build a feedback loop<br />
  58. 58. Service Upgrade Models<br />In-place rolling upgrade<br />Role instances are spread over update domains<br />Roles are updated one update domain at a time<br />Service remains available during upgrade<br />Real-time hot swap<br />Swap service endpoints of old/new version<br />Enables complex architectural changes<br />Planned downtime<br />Stop and replace service with new version<br />
  59. 59. Windows Azure Diagnostics<br />36<br />Cloud is much harder than single server<br />Dynamic environment, no local access<br />Azure Diagnostics built for monitoring & data collection<br />Focus on what to collect and when<br />Designed for Azure <br />Based on standard APIs<br />Traces, logs, crash dumps, IIS logs, perfcounters, ETW, etc<br />Upload to Azure storage as required<br />Logging & Diagnostics<br />
  60. 60. Azure Content Delivery Network<br />Better performance and user experience by caching Azure blobs at strategically placed locations<br />18 locations globally (United States, Europe, Asia, Australia and South America) and growing <br />Content Delivery Network<br />Edge Location<br />Edge Location<br />pic1.jpg<br />Edge Location<br /> Windows Azure Blob Service<br />pic1.jpg<br />
  61. 61. SQL Azure<br />
  62. 62. 39<br />“SQL Server in the Cloud”<br />“Database as a Service”<br />
  63. 63. SQL Azure vs SQL Server<br />Similarities<br />Scalable, reliable, robust, SQL Server technology foundation<br />Same SQL Server core database service<br />Same TDS access<br />Differences<br />Supports subset of SQL Server 2008 T-SQL <br />Limited to 1Gb or 10Gb database <br />Different pricing model<br />No Reporting Services, Analysis Services, etc<br />
  64. 64. T-SQL<br />
  65. 65. Common Scenarios<br />Unknown lifetime systems, favouring &quot;pay as you go&quot;<br />Good database management required<br />Non or low confidential data<br />Reference data, esp with Sync Framework<br />Neutral &quot;man in the middle&quot; requirements<br />Physical ownership of data not essential<br />
  66. 66. SQL Azure related projects<br />Codename &quot;Houston&quot; <br />Web management tooling<br />SQL Server Management Studio 2008 R2 works today<br />Codename &quot;Dallas“<br />“Information as a service”<br />Codename &quot;Sydney“<br />Punch holes through firewalls to integrate cloud and on-premise databases <br />SQL Azure Data Sync <br />For Sync Framework<br />
  67. 67. Codename “Dallas”<br />
  68. 68. Information as a Service<br />45<br />Data or functionality that is “of value to many” – enabling applications, reports, BI analysis, etc…<br />Examples include GIS/Spatial, traffic, movie show times, crime, real-estate sales, financial data, navigation, census data, reviews, etc…<br />Various Classifications: <br />Commercial: clean, supported, and regularly updated from ISVs and Content Providers <br />Trusted Public Domain: clean, unsupported data from academia and governments (Census, FDA, …)<br />Crowd Sourced: unreliable data in the public domain from anyone and everyone<br />
  69. 69. Information in the Cloud<br />Codename “Dallas”<br />Atom 1.0, RAW<br /><ul><li>Find
  70. 70. Subscribe
  71. 71. Interact</li></ul>Data Provider<br />Data Consumer<br />
  72. 72. Accessing Data from “Dallas”<br />
  73. 73. AppFabric<br />
  74. 74. “Infrastructure to help build and manage applications more easily” <br />Windows Server AppFabric<br />Caching capabilities (“Velocity”)<br />Workflow + service hosting (“Dublin”)<br />Windows Azure AppFabric (“.NET Services”) <br />Service Bus<br />Access Control<br />
  75. 75. Service Bus<br />50<br />Exposing internal applications on the Internet isn’t easy<br />Network address translation (NAT) and firewalls get in the way<br />The Service Bus:<br />Provides a cloud-based intermediary between clients and internal applications<br />Provides a service registry that clients can use to find the services they need<br />
  76. 76. Service Bus<br />51<br />
  77. 77. Access Control<br />52<br />Different organizations identify users through many different techniques<br />Applications can be faced with a confusing mess of security related code<br />The Access Control Service: <br />Implements a security token service (STS) in the cloud<br />It accepts one token and issues another<br />An administrator can define rules for how this claims transformation is done<br />
  78. 78. Access Control<br />53<br />
  79. 79. Commercial Information<br />
  80. 80. Windows Azure Platform Consumption Prices <br />Pay as you go and grow for only what you use when you use it <br />Elastic, scalable, secure, & highly available automated service platform<br />Highly available, scalable, and self managed distributed database service<br />$9.99/month(up to 1 GB DB/month) <br />Compute<br />Web Edition<br />Per service hour<br />Per database/month <br />$0.12/hour<br />+ Variable Instance Sizes <br />Windows Azure platform AppFabric Service Bus & Access Control<br />Scalable, automated, highly available services for secure connectivity<br />Business Edition <br />Storage <br />Access Control<br />Service Bus<br />$99.99/month(up to 10 GB DB/month)<br />$0.015/10k Message Operations<br />Per GB stored & transactions<br />Per database/month <br />$0.015/10k Message Operations<br />Per Message Operation<br />Per Message Operation<br />$0.15 GB/month<br />$0.01/10K transactions <br />Prices shown in USD only<br />International prices are available<br />
  81. 81.  <br />Windows Azure Instance Sizes<br />Variable instance sizes to handle complex workloads of any size <br />X Large<br />Large <br />Medium<br />Small<br />$0.96 <br />$0.48 <br />$0.24 <br />$0.12 <br />Per service hour<br />Per service hour<br />Per service hour<br />Per service hour<br />Unit of Compute Defined <br />Equivalent compute capacity of a 1.6Ghz processor (on 64bit platform) <br />X-Large<br />Large <br />Medium<br />Small<br />8 x 1.6Ghz<br />4 x 1.6Ghz <br />2 x 1.6Ghz <br />1 x 1.6Ghz <br />(high IO)<br />(high IO) <br />(high IO)<br />(moderate IO) <br />14 GB memory<br />7.0 GB memory<br />3.5 GB memory <br />1.75 GB memory <br />2000 GB <br />(instance storage) <br />1000 GB storage<br />(instance storage)<br />500 GB storage<br />(instance storage) <br />250 GB storage<br />(instance storage) <br />
  82. 82. Windows Azure Platform Data Transfer <br />Priced per GB transferred/month (prices shown in USD) <br />North America Region <br />Asia Pacific Region<br />Europe Region<br />$0.10 GB Ingress<br />$0.15 GB Egress <br />$0.10 GB Ingress<br />$0.15 GB Egress <br />$0.30 GB Ingress<br />$0.45 GB Egress <br />N. Europe <br />Sub-region <br />N. Central – US <br />Sub-region <br />E. Asia<br />Sub-region <br />W. Europe <br />Sub-region <br />S. Central - US <br />Sub-region<br />S.E. Asia<br />Sub-region <br />No Charge For Off Peak Ingress Promotion (ends 6/30/10)<br />On-board to Windows Azure platform at no charge <br />Off peak times defined as: 10pm-6am Mon-Fri & from 10pm-Fri to 6am-Mon for weekends in each designated regional time zones below <br />Europe <br />WET = UTC<br />North America<br /> PST = UTC-8 <br />Asia Pacific<br />SST = UTC+8<br />
  83. 83. TCO Analyzer Tool <br />Quickly determine “quantitative” value of using Windows Azure Platform services <br />TCO of development and running Windows Azure Platform vs. traditional delivery channels <br />Estimation “of” and conversion “to” on-premise solution to Windows Azure Platform services <br />TCO tool available today <br /><br />
  84. 84. Review Preliminary Results <br />
  85. 85. Final TCO Comparison <br />
  86. 86.<br />
  87. 87. Azure Resources<br />
  88. 88.<br />
  89. 89. © 2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries.<br />The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.<br />