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  1. 1. KEOLADEO NATIONAL PARK David Gonzalez Robin Hecker Abigail Hidy
  2. 2. Established March 10, 1982 Man-made and man- managed wetland 2,873 hectare Special cultural or physical significance. Bird Sanctuary UNESCO World heritage site FEATURES
  3. 3. WETLAND OF KEOLADEO • One third of the Keoladeo National Park habitat is wetland. • Diverse habitats are home to 366 bird species • 379 floral species, 50 species of fish, 5 species of lizards, 7 amphibian species,7 turtle species, and a variety of other invertebrates
  4. 4. HISTORY • Wetland sanctuary was created 250 years ago, but as duck hunting grounds till 1972 • Property of the State of Rajasthan of the Indian Union. grazing was banned in the park, leading to violent clashes between local farmers and the government.
  5. 5. GEOGRAPHY • Wetland systems have an array of microhabitats having trees, mounds, dykes and open water. • Uplands have grasslands of tall species of grass together with scattered trees and shrubs present in varying density. • Woodlands with thickets of huge Kadam trees. The Wetland is a part of the Indo-Gangetic Great Plains.
  6. 6. FLORA Dominating vegetation – Kadam ( Mitragyna parvifolia) – Jamun (Syzygium cumini) – Babul (Acacia nilotica) – Kair (Capparis decidua) – Piloo (Salvadora oleoides)
  7. 7. FAUNA Macro invertebrates such as worms, insects and mollusks, are more abundant in variety and numbers than any other group of organisms. Mammals include Blue bull, porcupine, jackals and jungle cats. Also home to the Indian mongoose.
  8. 8. BIRD SANCTUARY • Waterfowls – The location of Keoladeo is perfectly set in the Gangetic plain which gives herons, storks, and cormorants an amazing advantage for breeding. The most regarded bird of the sanctuary is the Siberian crane… unfortunately believed to not be coming back due to nomadic hunting. • Land birds are also rich here
  9. 9. CONSERVATION AND MANAGMENT • Management is to allow the area to flood and dry out annually, rather than be maintained as a system of permanent marshes. • Water for the wetlands is supplied from the dam outside the park boundaries. • Grazing and collection of firewood or grasses is now banned as well • Although without grazing management is difficult because channels are blocked with a fast growing grass
  10. 10. WORK CITED • "Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in India, Keoladeo National Park, Siberian Crane, Keoladeo Ghana, Keoladeo Ghana, Mode of Safari : Flat- bottomed Boats, Bicycle Rickshaws and Bicycle." Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in India, Keoladeo National Park, Siberian Crane, Keoladeo Ghana, Keoladeo Ghana, Mode of Safari : Flat-bottomed Boats, Bicycle Rickshaws and Bicycle. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. • "Keoladeo Ghana National Park - Lonely Planet." Lonely Planet. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2014. • "Keoladeo National Park." - UNESCO World Heritage Centre. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. • "Keoladeo National Park." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 Apr. 2014. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.