WETLAND OF KEOLADEO
• One third of the Keoladeo National Park habitat is wetland.
• Diverse habitats are home to 366 bird species
• 379 floral species, 50 species of fish, 5 species of lizards, 7 amphibian
species,7 turtle species, and a variety of other invertebrates
• Wetland sanctuary was created 250 years ago, but as
duck hunting grounds till 1972
• Property of the State of Rajasthan of the Indian Union.
grazing was banned in the park, leading to violent clashes
between local farmers and the government.
• Wetland systems have an array of microhabitats
having trees, mounds, dykes and open water.
• Uplands have grasslands of tall species of grass
together with scattered trees and shrubs present in
• Woodlands with thickets of huge Kadam trees.
The Wetland is a part of the Indo-Gangetic Great
Macro invertebrates such as worms, insects and mollusks, are more
abundant in variety and numbers than any other group of organisms.
Mammals include Blue bull, porcupine, jackals and jungle cats. Also
home to the Indian mongoose.
• Waterfowls – The location of Keoladeo is perfectly set in the
Gangetic plain which gives herons, storks, and cormorants an
amazing advantage for breeding. The most regarded bird of the
sanctuary is the Siberian crane… unfortunately believed to not
be coming back due to nomadic hunting.
• Land birds are also rich here
CONSERVATION AND MANAGMENT
• Management is to allow the area to flood and dry out
annually, rather than be maintained as a system of
• Water for the wetlands is supplied from the dam outside
the park boundaries.
• Grazing and collection of firewood or grasses is now
banned as well
• Although without grazing management is difficult
because channels are blocked with a fast growing grass
• "Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in India, Keoladeo National Park, Siberian
Crane, Keoladeo Ghana, Keoladeo Ghana, Mode of Safari : Flat-
bottomed Boats, Bicycle Rickshaws and Bicycle." Bharatpur Bird
Sanctuary in India, Keoladeo National Park, Siberian Crane, Keoladeo
Ghana, Keoladeo Ghana, Mode of Safari : Flat-bottomed Boats, Bicycle
Rickshaws and Bicycle. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.
• "Keoladeo Ghana National Park - Lonely Planet." Lonely Planet. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.
• "Keoladeo National Park." - UNESCO World Heritage Centre. N.p., n.d.
Web. 17 Apr. 2014.
• "Keoladeo National Park." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 Apr.
2014. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.