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Tanzania Third Social Action Fund (TASAF III)
Tuesday, 31 May, 2016
Presentation by Godfrey Mkelemi (Government of Tanzani...
1. CB-CCT description
2. CB-CCT impact evaluation design
3. CB-CCT impact evaluation challenges
4. CB-CCT impact evaluatio...
per child (US$3) per month
per adult (US$6) per month
on average
Education Health
Children (age 0-5) Visit clinic
6x per year
Children (age 7-15) Be enrolled with
80% attendance
Elderly V...
≈
≈
3 provinces
selected to pilot
Initial Treatment Initial Comparison
80 eligible villages
but only cash for 40
Treatment
2 y...
Health Education
Health insurance Children’s assets
 Getting buy-in from the Government team
◦ Training in impact evaluation from the outset
◦ Clear opportunity for RCT (ins...
 The challenge of getting the political support
required to achieve a successful impact
evaluation. The incorporation of ...
 Following the development of the National Social
Protection Framework and the results of impact
evaluation of the pilot ...
 The pilot CB-CCT Program was initiated
in 2009 and covered 5,000 households in
80 selected villages (40 treatment and 40...
Beneficiaries from poor household in Kalunga Village, Heri juu - Kigoma
 There are three major impact evaluations in
progress:
 PSSN impact evaluation - by Tanzania Social
Action Fund (TASAF)....
Thank you for attention
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The Challenge and Success of Impact Evaluation for Tanzania Community-Based Conditional Cash Transfer Pilot

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This presentation, made by Godfrey Mkelemi and David Evans at an IFAD/3ie workshop on May 31, 2016, highlights some of the challenges and successes associated with the evaluation of a pilot conditional cash transfer (CCT) program in Tanzania.

Published in: Economy & Finance
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The Challenge and Success of Impact Evaluation for Tanzania Community-Based Conditional Cash Transfer Pilot

  1. 1. Tanzania Third Social Action Fund (TASAF III) Tuesday, 31 May, 2016 Presentation by Godfrey Mkelemi (Government of Tanzania) and David Evans (World Bank)
  2. 2. 1. CB-CCT description 2. CB-CCT impact evaluation design 3. CB-CCT impact evaluation challenges 4. CB-CCT impact evaluation successes
  3. 3. per child (US$3) per month per adult (US$6) per month on average
  4. 4. Education Health Children (age 0-5) Visit clinic 6x per year Children (age 7-15) Be enrolled with 80% attendance Elderly Visit clinic 1x per year
  5. 5. ≈ ≈
  6. 6. 3 provinces selected to pilot Initial Treatment Initial Comparison 80 eligible villages but only cash for 40 Treatment 2 years later with additional funding randomization
  7. 7. Health Education Health insurance Children’s assets
  8. 8.  Getting buy-in from the Government team ◦ Training in impact evaluation from the outset ◦ Clear opportunity for RCT (insufficient transfers for all needy villages) ◦ Strong government involvement at every stage  Procurement-robust impact evaluation? ◦ Procurement of data collection and implementation took time ◦ Baseline was one year before outset  Okay with RCT, but adds noise  Timing for control group roll-out ◦ Delay in final data collection meant short delay in roll-out to control ◦ Government sought to protect integrity of evaluation
  9. 9.  The challenge of getting the political support required to achieve a successful impact evaluation. The incorporation of control communities in the evaluation caused strong criticism and blames from political leaders (i.e. members of parliaments, ward councilors and village chairpersons) and there was a pressure happening frequently for extending program benefits to the control villages. TASAF had to maintain the integrity of evaluation through communicating with them on the importance and benefits of the evaluation design.
  10. 10.  Following the development of the National Social Protection Framework and the results of impact evaluation of the pilot CB-CCT, the Government decided to create a country wide, permanent social safety net (the Tanzania Productive Social Safety Net – PSSN) to operate as a system to support the poorest and the most vulnerable through a series of complementary interventions.  Todate, a total of 1.1 million poor and vulnerable households with approximately 5.0 million beneficiaries have been enrolled into the PSSN program and are receiving program benefits. These households are from 9,960 villages in all 161 districts in the country. The households are supported through CCT, PW, COMSP and ID interventions.
  11. 11.  The pilot CB-CCT Program was initiated in 2009 and covered 5,000 households in 80 selected villages (40 treatment and 40 control villages).  The pilot program was implemented as a community -based initiative and a social fund.  In 2013, the pilot CB-CCT was scaled up to Data collectors from Lyampona ‘B’ Village (in Sumbawanga DC) recording information from identified poor household.
  12. 12. Beneficiaries from poor household in Kalunga Village, Heri juu - Kigoma
  13. 13.  There are three major impact evaluations in progress:  PSSN impact evaluation - by Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF).  Impact of PSSN on women empowerment - by Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA).  Impact of PSSN on youth wellbeing and transition to adulthood – by UNICEF & REPOA.  Baseline has been completed for all studies (analysis and write up on progress).
  14. 14. Thank you for attention

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