Copyright 2011 Digital Enterprise Research Institute. All rights reserved.
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri....
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Citizen Sensors
“…humans as citizens on the...
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Citizen Actuators
Citizen actuation - the a...
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Sensing/Actuation
Citizen Sensing
Citizen A...
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
 Buildings account for 40% of the energy u...
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
New Smart Building
Cost - € 40,000,000
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Legacy Building
 DERI Building
 No BMS or...
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Sensors
9 of 26
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Key Challenges
 Technology and Data Intero...
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Technology and Data Interoperability
Linked...
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Key Challenges
 How can Cyber Physical Soc...
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Experiment
 Data collection from Experimen...
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Experiment Area
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Meeting Room B
Meeting Room A
Conference Ro...
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Experiment
Step 1: Detect patterns of high ...
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Experiment
Step 2: Tweet building occupants...
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Results
Energy Usage Comparison
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Results (Actuation Time)
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Results (Weekly Averages)
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Results (Daily Averages)
23.86%
Difference
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Open Issues
 Emerging Web trends (linked d...
Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie
Enabling Networked Knowledge
Future Work
 Help people to understand the...
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Closing the Loop - From Citizen Sensing to Citizen Actuation

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Presentation given @ IEEE DEST 2013 - http://dest2013.digital-ecology.org/

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Closing the Loop - From Citizen Sensing to Citizen Actuation

  1. 1. Copyright 2011 Digital Enterprise Research Institute. All rights reserved. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Closing the Loop-From Citizen Sensing to Citizen Actuation David Crowley, Edward Curry, John Breslin
  2. 2. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge
  3. 3. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Citizen Sensors “…humans as citizens on the ubiquitous Web, acting as sensors and sharing their observations and views…”  Sheth, A. (2009). Citizen sensing, social signals, and enriching human experience. Internet Computing, IEEE, 13(4), 87-92.
  4. 4. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Citizen Actuators Citizen actuation - the activation of a human being as the mechanism by which a control system acts upon the environment.
  5. 5. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Sensing/Actuation Citizen Sensing Citizen Actuation
  6. 6. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge  Buildings account for 40% of the energy usage in the EU  And approximately 35% of the Carbon Dioxide emissions  Building Management Systems (BMS)  high cost to retrofit  BMS – can remove humans from the loop  Pushing automation too far Problem
  7. 7. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge New Smart Building Cost - € 40,000,000
  8. 8. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Legacy Building  DERI Building  No BMS or BEMS  160 person Office space  Café  Data centre  3 Kitchens  80 person Conference room  4 Meeting rooms  Computing museum  Sensor Lab
  9. 9. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Sensors 9 of 26
  10. 10. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Key Challenges  Technology and Data Interoperability  Data scattered among different systems  Multiple incompatible technologies make it difficult to use  Interpreting Dynamic and Static Data  Sensors, ERP, BMS, assets databases, …  Need to proactively identify efficiency opportunities  Empowering Actions and Including Users in the Loop  Understanding of direct and indirect impacts of activities  Embedding impacts within business processes  Engaging Users 10
  11. 11. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Technology and Data Interoperability Linked Data Principles 1. Use URIs to identify the “things” in your data 2. Use HTTP URIs so people (and machines) can look them up on the Web 3. When a URI is looked up, return a description of the thing in a structured format (RDF) 4. Include links to related things to provide context http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html
  12. 12. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Key Challenges  How can Cyber Physical Social Systems (CPSS) aid in Energy Management?  Need to proactively identify efficiency opportunities  Empowering Actions and Including Users in the Loop  Understanding of direct and indirect impacts of activities  Embedding impacts within business processes  Engaging Users
  13. 13. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Experiment  Data collection from Experiment Area  14 control weeks (70 days)  4 experiment weeks (20 days)  15 participants  8 actuation requests were sent (to 7 randomly chosen participants)
  14. 14. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Experiment Area
  15. 15. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Meeting Room B Meeting Room A Conference Room
  16. 16. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Experiment Step 1: Detect patterns of high or unusual energy usage  Light turned on in rooms at night  High energy use in meeting rooms without booking
  17. 17. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Experiment Step 2: Tweet building occupants to check situation and take action  Turn off lights, heat, devices, etc “Hi @username could you check if lights/air-con were left on in the 1st Floor North Wing please? And turn them off if possible. Thanks”
  18. 18. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge
  19. 19. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Results Energy Usage Comparison
  20. 20. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Results (Actuation Time)
  21. 21. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Results (Weekly Averages)
  22. 22. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Results (Daily Averages) 23.86% Difference
  23. 23. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Open Issues  Emerging Web trends (linked data, web of things and social media) may provide the foundations for a lightweight approach to Cyber-Physical Social Systems  Research Challenges  Investigating approach to complement existing CPSS  Applicability on critical infrastructure  Human Task Management for Energy Action  Privacy  Applicability in a more generic set-up
  24. 24. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Future Work  Help people to understand their energy usage  Feedback/Visualisation  To easily allow users to see abnormal energy usage  Gamification  Addition of game elements to add extrinsic motivation  Smart Cities  From micro to macro use cases

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