Successfully reported this slideshow.

EU Enlargement and Turkey’s Application for Membership v3



Upcoming SlideShare
Turkey & European Union
Turkey & European Union
Loading in …3
1 of 12
1 of 12

More Related Content

Similar to EU Enlargement and Turkey’s Application for Membership v3

Related Books

Free with a 14 day trial from Scribd

See all

EU Enlargement and Turkey’s Application for Membership v3

  1. 1. EU enlargement and Turkey’s application for membership Lea Hannibalsen David Mircea Bucur
  2. 2. Enlargement: The accession process Copenhagen Criteria (1993):  Political: rule of law, stable institutions, democracy, respect for human rights.  Economic: functional market economy.  Legal: EU laws and practice. Adherence to the terms of a political, economic and monetary union. Joining the EU is a 3 stage process: 1. A country is offered a prospect of membership. 2. The country is given official candidate status. 3. Formal membership negotiations.
  3. 3. 2004 Enlargement: Expanding East •Estonia •Latvia •Lithuania •Poland •Czech Republic •Slovakia •Hungary •Slovenia •Cyprus
  4. 4. 2007 Enlargement: Romania and Bulgaria •Romania •Bulgaria
  5. 5. Who’s joining next? •Iceland •Croatia •Serbia •Bosnia and Herzegovina •Montenegro •Kosovo •Albania •Turkey
  6. 6. Turkey: Timeline 1959: Turkey applies for associate membership of EEC. 1963: Ankara Agreement signed, aiming to enter a customs union. 1987: Turkey applies for full EEC membership. 1995: Customs union founded between Turkey and the EU. 1997: Council declares Turkey eligible to become a member state. 2004: Council defines conditions for opening accession negotiations. 2005: Negotiations formally opened.
  7. 7. Turkey and European Union - Long-term process with shifting attitudes from the EU towards a full membership for Turkey. - Applied for membership of the EEC in 1987 (association agreement with EEC in 1963) and the accession negotiations froze in 2006. - Turkey has made great progress pursuing EU standards yet they lack several important areas(commission progress report 2005). - Why not Turkey?
  8. 8. Pros and preferences for a Turkish membership in the EU - The emergence of democracy and vibrant economy in Turkey. (Enlargement Policy; the spread of liberal democratic ideas and market economy principles). - A reinforcement of Security. (Maintaining security in the eastern Mediterranean, role model for neighbouring Islamic states. May help to create security and stability in the European continent. Geographical location).
  9. 9. Concerns and problems regarding a full membership for Turkey  The conflict with Cyprus and Greece  Conditionality and criteria issues  Geographical and Cultural issues  Association partnership instead of full membership?
  10. 10. Attitudes towards Turkish membership - Attitude among European citizens. (Four factors which can explain attitudes: Economic costs and benefits, cultural differences, political ideology and the general attitudes towards the EU). - Perspectives of the Turkish elite. (Opinions on membership. Political and cultural issues. Reflection on rejection and future prospect. Cost and benefits. Any concerns?).
  11. 11. Statistic view of the 27 member states support for Turkish accession: - The countries who are most supportive are the two newest members: Romania and Bulgaria - Among the countries who are least supportive we find France and Austria. Both countries are likely to have referendums about the Turkish accession.
  12. 12. Further reading  European Commission key documents countries/turkey/key_documents_en.htm  2004 enlargement _enlargement/e50017_en.htm  2004 and 2007 Enlargement documents/links _enlargement/index_en.htm  General information regarding Turkey and the EU information/turkey/index_en.htm