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Research project presentation By David Bandi Julius Leyi 2021

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Research project presentation By David Bandi Julius Leyi 2021

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Brief summary of my reasearch draft work. The research was conducted by a student who is currenty finishing his degree. it is just the sample of unfinished research work i.e it is under corrections. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0wEQw2nvXuVBDiGhH_8AtQ?sub_confirmation=1

Brief summary of my reasearch draft work. The research was conducted by a student who is currenty finishing his degree. it is just the sample of unfinished research work i.e it is under corrections. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0wEQw2nvXuVBDiGhH_8AtQ?sub_confirmation=1

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Research project presentation By David Bandi Julius Leyi 2021

  1. 1. University of Juba School of Applied & Industrial Sciences Department of Food Science & Technology Fifth year semester (10) 2020/2021 Fifth year semester (10) 2020/2021 Topic: Causes & Effects of Malnutrition in Pregnant /Lactating Women In Munuki Payam-Juba By; David Bandi Julius, index: 12-CI-016 Supervisor; Grace Aba Daniel 1
  2. 2. Introductions Malnutrition: is the deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in person’s intake of energy and nutrients (WHO, April15, 2020). nutrients (WHO, April15, 2020). Cause: is what produces an event/condition. Effect: the result(s) from an event or condition. 2
  3. 3. PROBLEM STATEMENT • According to south Sudan medical journal ( May 2008), Women of reproductive age are at greater risk of under nutrition than other adults in South Sudan because: Energy and nutrient needs are high due to heavy workloads and frequent pregnancies. Iron needs increase during pregnancy, and blood is lost during menstruation and childbirth - so anemia is common. Traditional food sharing behaviors in some households may result in Traditional food sharing behaviors in some households may result in women’s diets being less adequate than those of men. Weight loss due to depletion of fat and muscle mass, including organ mass, is often the most obvious sign/effect of malnutrition. (Stratton R, Green CJ, Elia M. 2003. Green CJ. Existence, 1999) • According to my observations in my area kuwaite residential area Munuki payam – Juba, most pregnant women show malnutrition related sign such as body weakness/no energy while some lactating mothers have no breast-milk. 3
  4. 4. General Objective To assess the general factors & effects of malnutrition among pregnant/lactating women in Munuki payam area Specific Objective To assess the main factors contributing to the To assess the main factors contributing to the malnutrition among Pregnant/Lactating women in Munuki Primary Health Care Center To assess the main effects of nutrition related problems among Pregnant/Lactating Women in Munuki Primary Health Care Center 4
  5. 5. HYPOTHESIS H0: The effects of malnutrition among pregnant/lactating women are not due to some factors. are not due to some factors. H1: The effects of malnutrition among pregnant/ lactating women are due to some factors. 5
  6. 6. The Methods The Design of the Study-Questionnaires The Study Area -Munuki Primary Health Care Center-Juba. Respondents of the Questionnaires- Respondents of the Questionnaires- pregnant/lactating Women Ethical Considerations-To Whom it may Concern Letter Sample size obtained =52 6
  7. 7. 24 28 52 46.15384615 53.84615385 100 40 60 80 100 120 Results Frequency Percentages % This Chart shows the statistic of Pregnant/Lactating women respondents 24 28 0 20 Pregnant Women Lactating Mothers 7
  8. 8. 54.16666667 100 Results Frequency Percentage % Why Pregnant Women miss food sometimes 2 13 3 6 24 8.333333333 12.5 25 Religios Fasting No Appetite No Money I Don’t Miss Food Total 8
  9. 9. 32.14285714 53.57142857 100 20 40 60 80 100 120 Results Why Lactating Mothers miss food sometimes 7.142857143 3.571428571 3.571428571 0 20 Religious Fasting No Appetide Cant Afford Sometimes No Time No Food In Right Time Total Frequency Percentage % 9
  10. 10. 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 62.5 100 Results Frequency Percentage % Health complication of Pregnant Women 0 10 20 Malaria Typhoid Body Weakness Waist Pain Ulcer Chest pain Anemia Total 8.333333333 4.166666667 12.5 4.166666667 4.166666667 4.166666667 10
  11. 11. 85.71428571 100 20 40 60 80 100 120 Results Health complications after delivery 3.571428571 3.571428571 3.571428571 3.571428571 0 No Breast-Milk More Breast- Milk Slow Healing of Operation Wound Vaginal & Cervical Toars Post Partum Haemorrhage &Sever Wound Total Frequency Percentage % 11
  12. 12. Discussions According to my finding, the main Factors to Miss food is No appetite 54.16% . It is agreeing with some finding as mentioned below; Probably the single most important aetiological factor in disease-related malnutrition is reduced dietary intake. This is thought to occur due to reductions in appetite sensation as a result of changes in Recommendations Policy makers must address economic crisis issues as the priority. Food processors must add iron/vitamins to some foods. Pregnant/lactating Women must be encourage to eat balance diets always Awareness about the causes/effects of as a result of changes in cytokines, glucocorticoids, insulin and insulin-like growth factors (Jackson AA. 2003). And also my result shows that Women with anemia are at 62.5% , the highest percentage. Agreeing with some finding as mentioned below "If you are not well nourished, you get anemia, then when you give birth you will have low hemoglobin levels and you will tend to bleed a lot. (The New Humanitarian, 25 Years of Journalism from the Heart of Crisis, 18 March 2015) Awareness about the causes/effects of malnutrition must be done to the women at all social & economic levels. Pregnant/lactating women with low hemoglobin level must be given food supplement of iron Limitations No Body Mass Index/Weight Measurement was done to know the effects due to time factor 12

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