Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant Massasauga report.doc...
2
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.do...
3
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.do...
4
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.do...
5
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.do...
6
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.do...
7
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.do...
8
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.do...
9
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.do...
10
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
11
Oliphant Massasauga report....
12
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
13
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
14
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant Massasauga report.doc...
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
16
Oliphant Massasauga report....
17
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant Massasauga report.doc...
19
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
20
Oliphant Massasauga report....
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant Massasauga report.doc...
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
22
Oliphant Massasauga report....
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant Massasauga report.doc...
24
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
25
Oliphant Massasauga report....
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
26
Oliphant Massasauga report....
27
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
28
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
29
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
30
Oliphant Massasauga report....
31
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
32
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
33
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
34
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
35
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
36
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
37
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
38
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
39
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
40
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
41
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
42
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
43
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
44
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
45
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
46
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
47
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
48
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
49
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
50
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
51
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
52
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
53
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
54
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
55
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
56
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
57
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
58
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
59
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
60
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
61
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
62
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
63
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
64
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
65
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
66
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
67
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
68
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
69
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
70
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
71
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
72
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
73
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
74
Oliphant Massasauga report....
75
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
76
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
77
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
78
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
79
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
Oliphant
Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
80
Oliphant Massasauga report....
81
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
82
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
83
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
84
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
85
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
86
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
87
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
88
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
89
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
90
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
91
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
92
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
93
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
94
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
95
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
96
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
97
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
98
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
99
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport.d...
100
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport....
101
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport....
102
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport....
103
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport....
104
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport....
105
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport....
106
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport....
107
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport....
108
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport....
109
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport....
110
Oliphant
Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration
and assessment - October, 2013
Oliphant, Massasaugareport....
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

0

Share

Download to read offline

LHCCC report 2013-11-29

Download to read offline

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all
  • Be the first to like this

LHCCC report 2013-11-29

  1. 1. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc Restoration & Assessment of potential Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake (Sisturus catenatus) habitat in Oliphant, Bruce County, Ontario Photo: Tom Preney Prepared by: Dave Jolly, B.Sc. Habitat Restoration Ecologist Fieldlife Environmental Consultants & Ecological Services October, 2013 Project # 522
  2. 2. 2 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc ©copyright 2013 Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation. All rights reserved. No work from this material may be produced or transmitted by any means without acknowledgement of its source and permission from Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation.
  3. 3. 3 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Table of Contents Page Acknowledgements ……………………………………………………………..………………………………………… 8 1.0 Introduction .………………………………………………………………………………………………………..… 8 2.0 Methods ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9 3.0 Field Investigations ….…………………………………………………………………………………………. 9 4.0 Ecological Land Classification Vegetation Community Descriptions ………………….……. 9 5.0 Vegetation communities…………………………….…………………………………………………….…….. 10 5.1 Mixed mineral meadow marsh type (MAMM3-1)…………………………..……..…. 10 5.2 Gramnoid coastal meadow marsh type (MAMM4-1) ……………………..……….. 10 5.3 Twig rush coastal meadow marsh type (MAMM4-4)………………………............ 10 6.0 Flora …………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……….... 11 Table 1 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..….. 11 Table 2 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…….. 13 6.1 Rare flora …………………………………………………………………………………………..………. 15 Figure 1 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………….. 16 Figure 2 ………………….…………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. 17 Table 3 ………………………………………………………….…………………………………………….…………… 18 7.0 Fauna ………………………………………………………………..………………………………………………….…….…. 19 7.1 Herpetofauna ………………………………………………………….………………….…………….. 19 7.2 Avifauna ………………….………………………………………………..………………………………. 19 Figure 3 ………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………….. 20 8.0 Sensitive areas ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 21 Figure 4 ……………………………………………………………………………………………….………………….. 22
  4. 4. 4 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc 9.0 Massasaugasurveys……………………………….……………………………………………….…………………… 23 9.1 Snake hibernacula .……………………..…………………………………………………………….. 23 10.0 Recommendations ……………………………….………………………………………………….…………………… 24 Figure 5 ………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………… 25 Figure 6a ………………………………………….……………………………………………..……………………… 26 Figure 6b …………………………………………….…………………………………………………………………… 27 Figure 6c ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…….. 28 Figure 6d ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….……….. 29 Literature Cited ………………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. 30 Appendix A …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 32 Appendix B …………………………………………………………………………………………………….……….. 70 Appendix C …………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………… 74 Appendix D …………………………………………………………………………………………………..………….. 80 Appendix E ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 81 Appendix F ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 83
  5. 5. 5 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Statement of Qualifications and Limitations The attached Report (the “Report”) has been prepared by Fieldlife Environmental Consultants & Ecological Services (“Consultant”) for the benefit of the client (“Client”), who has been retained in accordance with the agreement between Consultant and Client, including the scope of work detailed in the Terms of Reference prepared for this report therein (the “Agreement”). The information, data, recommendations and conclusions contained in the Report (collectively, the “Information”):  is subject to the scope, schedule, and other constraints and limitations in the Agreement and the qualifications contained in the Report (the “Limitations”)  represents Consultant’s professional judgement in light of the Limitations and industry standards for the preparation of similar reports  may be based on information provided to Consultant which has not been independently verified  has not been updated since the date of issuance of the Report and its accuracy is limited to the time period and circumstances in which it was collected, processed, made or issued  must be read as a whole and sections thereof should not be read out of such context  was prepared for the specific purposes described in the Report and the Agreement Consultant shall be entitled to rely upon the accuracy and completeness of information that was provided to it and has no obligation to update such information. Consultant accepts no responsibility for any events or circumstances that may have occurred since the date on which the Report was prepared and, in the case of subsurface, environmental or ecological conditions, is not responsible for any variability in such conditions, geographically or over time. Consultant agrees that the Report represents its professional judgement as described above and that the Information has been prepared for the specific purpose and use described in the Report and the Agreement, but Consultant makes no other representations, or any guarantees or warranties whatsoever, whether express or implied, with respect to the Report, the Information or any part thereof.
  6. 6. 6 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc The Report is to be treated as confidential and may not be used or relied upon by third parties, except:  as agreed in writing by Consultant and Client  as required by law  for use by governmental reviewing agencies Consultant accepts no responsibility, and denies any liability whatsoever, to parties other than Client who may obtain access to the Report or the Information for any injury, loss or damage suffered by such parties arising from their use of, reliance upon, or decisions or actions based on the Report or any of the Information (“improper use of the Report”), except to the extent those parties have obtained the prior written consent of Consultant to use and rely upon the Report and the Information. Any damages arising from improper use of the Report or parts thereof shall be borne by the party making such use. This Statement of Qualifications and Limitations is attached to and forms part of the Report and any use of the Report is subject to the terms hereof.
  7. 7. 7 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Distribution List # of Hard Copies PDF Required Association / Company Name 1 X Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation 1 X Fieldlife Environmental Consultants & Ecological Services Fieldlife and Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation Signatures Report Prepared By: Dave Jolly, B.Sc. Habitat Restoration Ecologist Fieldlife Environmental Consultants & Ecological Services Report Reviewed By: Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation
  8. 8. 8 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Acknowledgements The author is grateful for the assistance of Karen Alexander and Becky Adams of the Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation (LHCCC), Kim Palonan, Theresa Stafford of the Friends of Oliphant Coastal Environments, Laurie Rosie for her significant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake (Sisturus catenatus) record and a number of local residents of Oliphant for their support and sharing their observations and information about snakes. 1.0 Introduction The community of Oliphant, located on the Lake Huron side of south Bruce Peninsula in Bruce County contains a diverse array of coastal wetland habitats. The Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation (LHCCC) and Friends of Oliphant have been active stewards and partners of the coastal wetlands ensuring the integrity of habitats are retained. Unfortunately, in recent times, the coastal wetlands of Oliphant have been under pressure from heavy ATV and Off Road Vehicle (ORV) traffic to the extent that some coastal wetlands have been compromised. Additionally, Common reed (Phragmites australis) has affected large portions of coastal wetland habitat and the LHCCC has been working to control the spread of this invasive species. Moreover, another invasive plant Russian thistle (Salsola kali) has been invading portions of Sandy Bay by vehicular traffic. Fieldlife was retained by the Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation (LHCCC) to perform botanical surveys and delineate restoration plots using Ecological Land Classification (ELC) methodology, collect seeds of selected wetland plants for restoration, conduct surveys for Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake, their potential habitat and hibernacula (Figures 1 & Figure 5). Previous field work conducted by Judith Jones of Winter Spider Eco-Consulting in 2009 classified nine ELC vegetation communities, 7 Ontario Species at Risk (SAR) flora and fauna species and identified 213 species of vascular plants within the coastal wetlands. This project highlighted 3 vegetation communities which represent fairly natural conditions for a healthy and vigorous wetland, disturbed and sensitive wetlands, candidate Significant Wildlife Habitat (cSWH) for Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake and identified 70 wetland plant species specific to coastal wetland habitats. These are the communities that habitat restoration efforts should aim to enhance the vegetation and improve potential habitat. Records of Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake for Oliphant date back to 1985, but no recent records since the amendment of the Provincial Policy Statement (PPS) have been observed outside of a June 1, 2009 record. The majority of historical records were observed in the southern portion of Oliphant on private property and, therefore, detailed habitat assessments could not be conducted without landowner permission.
  9. 9. 9 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc 2.0 Methods A record review was performed on Natural Heritage Information Centre (NHIC) 1 x 1 kilometer squares 17MK75_74, 17MK75_75 and 17MK75_85 in search of any Ontario Species at Risk (SAR), or provincially rare flora and fauna which may be encountered during field investigations, specific to the ELC vegetation polygons delineated for restoration. The result of this search is displayed in Appendix B. Of the SAR flora and fauna listed in the NHIC 1 km2 squares 1 provincially rare plant listed in Appendix C was observed at Oliphant within a delineated polygon and restoration plot #1 (Photo log #4b; Stiff yellow flax (Linum medium). However, the provincially rare sub-species L. medium var medium as indicated in the NHIC squares was not observed. 3.0 Field Investigations Fieldlife and LHCCC staff conducted field work from August 26 – 28, 2013, while a student from the EARTHQUEST Biological Field School and a volunteer from the Friends of Oliphant Coastal Conservation continued field work from August 31 to September 1, 2013. The weather from August 26 – September 1 consisted of a temperature of 25 – 30 degrees C, cloud 70 – 80% and wind of 3 – 6 km/hr. Additional field work was conducted by Fieldlife and LHCCC staff from September 23 – 24, 2013. Weather during this period consisted of a temperature range of 22 – 24 degree C, cloud 10 – 20% and wind of 3 – 6 km/hr. Ecological Land Classification (ELC) was used as the basis for vegetation descriptions. All species of vascular plants and fauna were documented and checked for their status at global, national, provincial, regional and local levels. Appendix C and D represents the master species list compiled for flora at designated restoration plots and areas at Oliphant. 4.0 Ecological Land Classification Vegetation Community Descriptions A community profile was developed for each polygon classified, giving a visual representation of the vegetation type along with a plant species, wildlife as well as community description and classification (see Appendix E) utilizing the Ecological Land Classification (ELC) rapid assessment method, although soils were included for the purpose of providing site conditions for restoration plots. The vegetation communities were classified at Oliphant following the 2nd approximation ELC table (Bakowsky, et al. 2009). The first polygon is 0.15 hectares (ha) and was classified to be Mixed Mineral Meadow Marsh type (MAMM3-1). The second polygon is 0.24 ha and was classified to be Gramnoid Coastal Meadow Marsh type (MAMM4-1). The MAMM3-1 and MAMM4-1 are adjacent and exhibit a good gradual transition from areas disturbed by ATV and ORV traffic and Phragmites representing healthy and biodiverse communities. The third polygon is 0.4 ha. This polygon was classified to be MAMM4-4. The presence of provincially rare Stiff yellow flax within this vegetation type signifies it as a
  10. 10. 10 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc rare vegetation community under the provisions of the MNR draft Ecoregion Criteria Schedule. Figure 1 depicts the ELC classification of these polygons. All vegetation communities are largely dominated by wetland herbaceous plant species. 5.0 Vegetation Communities Three ELC vegetation types were classified within restoration areas (Figure 1). 5.1 Mixed Mineral Meadow Marsh type (MAMM3-1) A community of 0.15 ha more representative of low quality wetland habitat associated with terrestrial systems such as deciduous forests. At Oliphant, this community contains coastal wetland species and is dominated by forbs and gramnoids; Alpine or Richardson rush (Juncus alpinoarticulatus), with occasional Ohio goldenrod (Solidago ohionensis) and Switch grass (Panicum virgatum) with rarely occurring Boneset (Eupatorim perforatum), Grass leaved goldenrod (Euthamia gramnifolia) and Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) and Silverweed (Potentilla anserina) as ground cover (Photo log # 1, Appendix F). The soil was fine sand with evidence of glaciation and the water table over 120 cm. 5.2 Gramnoid Coastal Meadow Marsh type (MAMM4-1) This vegetation type is provincially rare with an S2 rank (Appendix B) and occurs within NHIC squares 17MK75_74 and 17MK75_75. Tickle grass (Agrostris scabroides) was the dominant gramnoid in all layers with occasional Alpine or Richardson rush, Twig rush (Cladium maricoides) and Three square (Scirpus americanus) followed by invasive Common reed that is rare in abundance. Batlic rush (Juncus balticus) was rare in the ground cover (Photo log #2, Appendix F). Soil was fine sand with the water table within 1 cm and evidence of glaciation effecting soil particles at the surface (0 cm). The polygon is 0.24 ha. 5.3 Twig rush Coastal Meadow Marsh type (MAMM4-4) This vegetation community contains restoration plot #1 and had a substantial Stiff yellow flax population with a density of 89 plants surveyed within a 1 m2 plot adjacent to restoration plot #1. The population was delineated as depicted in Figure 2 as a Stiff yellow flax inclusion (MAMM4-4a; Appendix F) within the MAMM4-4 (Photo logs #3 & 4a), which was 0.042 ha. Stiff yellow flax was ocassional in the ground layer. The soil was fine sand with evidence of the last glacier reaching 27 cm and mottles present at 20 cm. The polygon is 0.42 ha with Tickle grass (Agrostis scabra) as the dominant plant followed by Twig rush. In addition to Phragmites invasive Russian thistle has established a foothold on this polygon and was found thriving elsewhere within the coastal wetlands at Oliphant.
  11. 11. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 11 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc 6.0 Flora Table 1 Plants surveyed within Restoration plot #1 Family name Species name Status Latin/Common Common/Latin Global COSEWIC MNR Provincial Regional (Ecoregion 6E) Local (Bruce county) Restoration plot soil Campanulaceae/ Bellflower Lobelia kalmii/Brook or Kalm's lobelia G5 S5 R4 C5 The soil was fine sand with evidence of the last glacier reaching 27 cm and mottles within 20 cm of surface. Compositae/Composite Ambrosia artemisiifolia/Common ragweed G5 S5 R5 C5 Aster lanceolatus/Panicled aster G5T5? S5 R5 C5 Euthamia gramnifolia/Grass leaved goldenrod G5 S5 R5 C5 Solidago ohioensis/Ohio goldenrod G5 S5 R5 C5 Cruciferae/Mustard Diplotaxis tenuifolia/Narrow leaved wall rocket GNR SNA RE5 CE5 Erucastrum gallicum/Dog mustard G5 SNA RE5 CE5 Cyperaceae/Sedge Carex viridula/Greenish sedge G5 S5 R5 C5 Gentianaceae/Gentian Gentianopsis vigata/Fringed gentian G? S5 R3 C3
  12. 12. 12 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Gramineae/Grass Agrostis scabra/Tickle grass G5 S5 R5 C5 Phragmites australis/Common reed G? SE5 RE5 CE5 Juncus balticus/Baltic rush G5 S5 R5 C5 Juncus canadensis/Canadian rush G5 S5 R5 C5 Linaceae/Flax Linum medium/Stiff yellow flax G5T3T4 S3? R1 C1 58 stems surveyed Primulaceae/Primrose Primula mistassinaca/Bird's eye primrose G5 S4 R4 C4 Lythra salicaria/Purple loosestrife G5 SNA RE5 CE5 Rosaceae/Rose Potentilla anserina/Silverweed G5 S5 R5 C5 Saxifragaceae/Saxifrage Parnassus glauca/Grass of parnassus G5 S5 R5 C5 Seventy species were recorded during field investigations (Appendix C) within delineated ELC polygons (Figure 1). Of these, 11 are introduced. The percentage of introduced or exotic species within the surveyed polygons is 15.9%, which is fairly low for natural areas in terms of aggressive encroachment by invasive plants. Additionally, 17 species were inventoried for the 4 m2 restoration plot #1 within the MAMM4-4 polygon. Of these, 2 species, or 11.7% were introduced (Table 1). Phragmites was found in this plot. A total of 14 species were surveyed within restoration plot #2 (Table 2) within the disturbed wetland polygon. Of these, 1, or 0.7% were introduced. No Phragmites exists in this plot.
  13. 13. 13 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Table 2 Plants surveyed within Restoration plot #2 Family name Species name Status Latin/Common Common/Latin Global COSEWIC MNR Provincial Regional (Ecoregion 6E) Local (Bruce county) Restoration plot soil Compositae/Composite Aster lanceolatus/Panicled aster G5T5? S5 R5 C5 The soil was fine sand with evidence of the last glacier reaching 0 cm and water table within 1 cm of surface. Helenium autumnale/Sneezeweed G5 S5 R5 C4 Solidago ohioensis/Ohio goldenrod G5 S5 R5 C5 Cruciferae/Mustard Diplotaxis tenuifolia/Narrow leaved wall rocket GNR SNA RE5 CE5 Cyperacaea/Sedge Rynchospora capillacea/Fen beakrush G4 S4? R3 C1 Gramineae/Grass Agrostis scabra/Tickle grass G5 S5 R5 C5 Guttiferae/St. Johnswort Hypericum kalmii/Kalm's St. Johnswort G4 S4 R2 C3 Juncaceae/Rush Cladium mariscoides/Twig rush G5 S5 R5 C5 Juncus alpinoarticulatus/Alpine or Richardson rush G5 S5 R5 C5 Juncus canadensis/Canadian rush G5 S5 R5 C5 Lycopus americanus/Cut-leaved water horehound G5 S5 R5 C5
  14. 14. 14 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Orchidaceae/Orchid Spiranthes romanzoffiana/Hooded ladies tresses G5 S5 R5 C5 Rosaceae/Rose Potentilla anserina/Silverweed G5 S5 R5 C5 Saxifragaceae/Saxifrage Parnassus glauca/Grass of parnassus G5 S5 R5 C5
  15. 15. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc The majority of invasive species were restricted to areas which were adjacent to roads and represented the translocation of invasive plants into the coastal wetlands. Significantly more invasive and introduced species were observed around candidate snake hibernacula created from the formation of man-made berms. A number of these berms had rock gardens, which provide a catalyst for the introduction of garden escapees into natural areas. Fortunately, the majority of garden escapees were restricted to the rock garden areas and did not seem to encroach upon the neighbouring wetlands. 6.1 Rare flora A record review of NHIC 1 x 1 km2 squares (Appendix C) revealed 11 SAR and provincially rare flora, 6 historical species of SAR or provincially rare plants within 17MK75_74, 8 SAR and provincially rare flora, 7 historical species within 17MK75_75 and 8 SAR and provincially rare flora, 7 historical SAR species within 17MK75_85. Of these, only Tuberous Indian plantain (Arnoglossum plantagineum) occurred in 17MK75_85 and Stiff yellow flax was found within 17MK17_75. Dwarf lake iris (Iris lacustris) was observed, but did not occur in any of these squares during field investigations. A total of 13 provincially, regionally and locally rare plants (Table 1) were observed at Oliphant; 31 records of provincially and federally special concern Tuberous indian plantain, 5 records of provincially rare Dwarf lake iris, 30 records of Stiff yellow flax and 9 records of Blueleaf willow (Salix myricoides). Tuberous Indian plantain, Dwarf lake iris, Stiff yellow flax and Blueleaf willow are also listed as rare in the Checklist of Vascular Plants for Bruce and Grey Counties (2003). Ten regionally rare (within the Mixed deciduous forest region: Ecoregion 6E – source; EARTHQUEST Plants of Ontario database) plants were discovered within surveyed polygons; Fringed gentian (Gentiana vigata), Kalm’s St. Johnswort (Hypericum kalmii), Marsh St. Johnswort (Triadenum fraseri), Mermaid weed (Proserpinacea palustris), Greater arrowgrass (Triglochin maritimus), Slender or Lesser arrowgrass (Triglochin palustre), Fen beakrush (Rynchospora capillacea), Low calla mint (Calamintha arkansana), Sticky false tofeldia (Tofeldia glutinosa) and Stiff yellow flax (Linum medium). Additionally, Upland white aster (Solidago asteroides), Fringed gentian, Kalm’s St. Johnswort, Marsh St. Johnswort, Mermaid weed, Greater arrowgrass, Slender or Lesser arrowgrass, Fen beakrush, Low calla mint and Stiff yellow flax are locally rare within Bruce county (source; EARTHQUEST Plants of Ontario database).
  16. 16. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 16 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc
  17. 17. 17 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc
  18. 18. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc Table 3 Rare flora at Oliphant Common name Latin name MNR COSEWIC S rank R rank C rank Number of records ELC ecosite/ vegetation type Dates Observed Tuberous Indian plantain Arnoglossum plantagineum SC SC S3 R1 C1 31 FESC1-1 22/4/2011, 31/8/2011, 31/8/2013, 1/9/2013, 23/9/2013, 24/9/2013 Upland white aster Solidago asteroides S5 R4 C3 MAMM3-1 31/08/2013 Dwarf lake iris Iris lacustris S3 R1 C1 5 28/8/2013, 31/8/2013, 24/9/2013 Stiff yellow flax Linum medium S3 R1 C1 30 MAMM4-4, MAMM4-4a 27/8/2013, 28/8/2013, 1/9/2013, 23/9/2013 Blueleaf willow Salix myricoides S3 R1 C1 9 28/8/2013, 31/8/2013, 23/9/2013 Fringed gentian Gentianopsis vigata S5 R3 C3 MAMM4-4, MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1 26/8/2013, 27/8/2013, 28/8/2013, 31/9/2013, 1/9/2013 Kalm's St. Johnswort Hypericum kalmianum S4 R2 C3 MAMM4-4, MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1 26/8/2013, 27/8/2013, 28/8/2013, 31/9/2013, 1/9/2013 Mermaid weed Proserpinacea palustris S4 R2 C3 MAMM4-1 26/8/2013, 27/08/2013, 1/9/2013 Greater arrowgrass Triglochin maritimus S5 R1 C2 MAMM4-1 26/8/2013, 27/8/2013, 31/8/2013 Slender or Lesser arrowgrass Triglochin palustre S5 R1 C3 MAMM4-1 26/8/2013, 27/8/2013, 31/8/2013 Fen beakrush Rynchospora capillacea S4? R3 C1 MAMM4-1 27/08/2013 Low calla mint Calamintha arkansana S4S5 R1 C2 MAMM3-1 27/08/2013 Sticky false tofeldia Tofeldia glutinosa S4? R3 C4 MAMM4-1 26/08/2013
  19. 19. 19 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc 7.0 Fauna 7.1 Herpetofauna Three species of reptiles and amphibians were observed (Appendix D); Eastern garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis), DeKay’s brown snake (Storeria dekayi) and Northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens). Historical records of special concern Eastern ribbon snake (Thamnophis sauritis) have not been substantiated since July 1, 1988 within NHIC 1 km2 17NH75_74 and they are believed to be extirpated from the area. Special concern Snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina) was observed on August 12, 2008 within 1 km2 17NH75_75, which has not been confirmed by local residents, except in south OIiphant. No Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake were observed during field investigations, but 8 historical records dating to July 8, 1981 have been documented, primarily for the southern portion of Oliphant . 7.2 Avifauna Historic NHIC records revealed special concern Black tern (Childonias niger) observed within 1 km2 17MK75_74 on June 14, 1991 with a recent record of provincially and federally endangered Piping plover (Charadrius melodus) in June, 2008. Black tern was also observed in square17MK75_75 on June 14, 1991. During field investigations the survey team observed 13 species of birds (Appendix E), including provincially rare (S2 during breeding) Great egret (Ardea alba) within 48 meters of restoration plot #1 on September 23, 2013. Two provincially and federally threatened Eastern meadowlark (Sturnella magna) were observed on the same day flying into the coastal wetland between restoration plot #1 and Bay Street (Figure 3).
  20. 20. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 20 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc
  21. 21. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc 8.0 Sensitive areas Figure 4 exhibits the sensitive and disturbed areas around Sandy Bay in the vicinity of restoration plots #1 & 2. Although the majority of coastal wetlands at Oliphant are sensitive to disturbance and have been damaged by encroachment the Sandy Bay area displays the issues of disturbance more prominently. More specifically, an area of 47.9 ha has been identified as disturbed, unclassifiable coastal wetland due to the absence of vegetation and the presence of invasive Russian thistle on the habitat of rare flora and fauna such as Stiff yellow flax, Eastern meadowlark and Great egret. The extent of Russian thistle was delineated to an area of 13.1 ha. This represents the area of concentration where Russian thistle has become firmly established at Oliphant, largely introduced by the extensive ORV network riddled across the wetland landscape. Russian thistle does not appear to be expanding past an average of 53 meters from the ORV network on the south side into the adjacent provincially rare Shrubby cinquefoil coastal wetland. The life cycle of Russian thistle, however, may promote their spread into other areas of Oliphant since after seeds ripen and the plant dies wind may break the plant at the main stem and may blow “tumble weed” fashion for large distances. Fortunately, Russian thistle was not observed in any part of the Oliphant coastal wetlands other than Sandy Bay with individual dead plants found 275 meters north of restoration plot #2.
  22. 22. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 22 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc
  23. 23. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc 9.0 Massasaugasurveys One of the primary purposes of field investigations was to conduct a targeted search for Eastern Massaussauga rattlesnake, their habitat and potential hibernacula. Massasauga habitat is typified as wet prairie, sedge meadows and old fields, to peatlands, bedrock barrens and coniferous forest (Rouse & Willson, 2001). No Massassauga’s were observed, but a local resident – Laurie Rosie was able to show the author the location of a dead snake that she found on July 27, 2013 (Photo log #34a & 34b) on South Oliphant Road. Under the provisions of the MNR General Habitat Description for Massasauga document any forest habitat within 1.2 km of an occurrence receive a Category 3 designation and are considered to have tolerance to site alteration. In our estimation, this tolerance to site alteration would be low, particularly in the Oliphant area where human activity is high. According to the guidance document this habitat is dependent upon for life processes including foraging and movement between gestation sites, hibernacula and other activity areas. Due to the lack of access to private property the survey team was unable to conduct full ELC work to ascertain the vegetation types. Partial ELC to community series was performed to provide generalized habitat parameters and walking the perimeter of potential habitat along public roads (Photo log #35). Subsequently, the total area of 1084.8 ha representing candidate Massasauga habitat (Figure 5) around the 1.2 buffer consists of 923.7 ha of coniferous forest (FOC), 65.1 ha of coniferous swamp (SWC) and 96 ha of open fen (FEO). 9.1 Snake hibernacula A total of 26 candidate snake hibernacula were surveyed between August 31st and September 24th along 6 km of coastal wetland at Oliphant. These hibernacula are suitable for all snake species, including Massasauga as well as other threatened or special concern species such as Eastern fox snake (Elaphe gloydi), Northern ribbon snake (Thamnophis sauritus septentrionalis) and Eastern hognosed snake (Heterodon platirhinos). Most of the hibernacula consisted of man-made berms from rocks piled on the edge of Bay Street and Shoreline Avenue by the municipality. Snake hibernacula # 2 to 12 (SH02 – SH12; photo logs# 9 – 19, Figures 6a & 6b) and 14 to 26 (SH14 – SH26; photo logs #21 – 33, Figures 6b, 6c & 6d) were man-made berms. Only candidate snake hibernacula #1 and 13 (SH01 & SH13; photo logs# 8 & 20, Figures 6a & 6b) appeared to be natural. Hibernacula #1 was a burrow under the rock pile (Photo log# 9) and hibercula #13 (Photo log# 21) was a crevice in a large boulder in Shrubby cinquefoil coastal wetland habitat. The definition of candidate snake hibernacula is a rock formation such as a karst or rock pile with a hole, crevice, crack or burrow large enough for a snake to crawl through that extends at least 1 m and below the frost line. It is difficult to prove how far these openings may extend into the feature, but most appeared to go at least 1 m. Spring surveys with observations of 5 individual snakes of the same species, or at least 2 different species present at these hibernacula would confirm them as snake hibernacula. Snake surveys are recommended to commence in late April, or early May when the air temperature is at least 8 degrees C on bright sunny days, between 8 am and 10 am. This
  24. 24. 24 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc coincides to when snakes are most likely to emerge from their hibernacula, spending a few days around the site to warm up before moving off. 10.0 Recommendations With the distribution of observed candidate snake hibernacula located primarily in the southern portion of Oliphant it is not surprising that the majority of Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake sightings are in this area. This also explains the relatively high number of snake mortalities in this area since snakes would be crossing roads to move into forest habitats. Moreover, the extent of cSWH that Massasauga could potentially use in south Oliphant is extensive. Unfortunately, the confirmed records of a dead Massasauga found on July 27, 2013 by a local resident does not warrant extending the cSWH past Lonely Island until additional records are confirmed in north Oliphant. The most suitable habitat for Massasauga seems to be largely confined to Shrubby cinquefoil coastal wetland, which is adjacent to the sensitive and disturbed coastal wetlands around the Sandy Bay area. Although Common reed has been actively controlled as an invasive plant species in this area another invasive species has become established that threatens good potential Massasauga habitat as well as the coastal wetlands. Continued education of local residents of the dangers of unmanaged access to coastal wetlands and not harming, injuring or interfering with Massassauga’s and their habitat is recommended to gain further community support.
  25. 25. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 25 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc
  26. 26. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 26 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc
  27. 27. 27 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc
  28. 28. 28 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc
  29. 29. 29 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc
  30. 30. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 30 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc Literature Cited Alexander, K. personal communication. 2013. Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation. Bakowsky, J. Riley, J. Bowles, M. Puddister, H. P. Uhlig, and S. McMurry. 2009. Ecological Land Classification for Southern Ontario: Second Approximation and its Application. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, South- central Science Section, Science Development and Transfer Branch. SCSS Field Guide FG-02. EARTHQUEST Plants of Ontario ACCESS dabase. Accessed September, 2013 Endangered Species Act – Ontario Regulation 242/08. http://www.e- laws.gov.on.ca/html/source/regs/english/2008/elaws_src_regs_r08242_e.htm#BK6. Accessed September, 2013 Fish and Wildlife Act. http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/statutes/english/elaws_statutes_97f41_e.htm. Accessed September, 2013 Jolly, D.W. 2010. A Photo Field Guide to Ontario Species at Risk wildflowers, trees and shrubs of Ontario – Volume 1. EARTHQUEST (Canada) for the Environment. 114 pp. ISBN# 978-0-9733169-2-6 Jolly, D.W. 2006. Plant Genera of Ontario. EARTHQUEST (Canada) for the Environment. 220 pp. ISBN# 0- 9733169-1-11 Natural Heritage Information Centre. http://nhic.mnr.gov.on.ca/MNR/nhic/communities/comm_list_terrestrial.cfm. Accessed September, 2013 Migratory Birds Convention Act. http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/m-7.01. Accessed September, 2013 Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. 2000?. General Habitat Description for the Massasauga(Sisturus catenatus). 7 p. Owen Sound Field Naturalists. 2003. Annotated Checklist of Vascular Plants for Bruce and Grey Counties Ontario. 51 p. Rouse, J.D., and Willson, R.J., 2001. Update COSEWIC Status Report for the Eastern MassasaugaSisturus catenatus catenatus. 23 p.
  31. 31. 31 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Species at Risk Act - federal. http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/S-15.3/page-1.html. Accessed September, 2013 Species at Risk Public Registry. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/species/speciesDetails_e.cfm?sid=793. Accessed September, 2013 Species at Risk Public Registry. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/species/schedules_e.cfm?id=2. Accessed September, 2013 Service Ontario – Public Lands Act. http://www.e- laws.gov.on.ca/html/statutes/english/elaws_statutes_90p43_e.htm. Accessed September, 2013 Service Ontario – Ontario Regulation 453/96. http://www.e- laws.gov.on.ca/html/regs/english/elaws_regs_960453_e.htm. Accessed September, 2013
  32. 32. 32 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Appendix A Photo logs Photo #1 Oliphant August 28, 2013 MAMM3-1 Mixed Mineral Meadow Marsh type
  33. 33. 33 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #2 Oliphant August 28, 2013 MAMM4-1 Gramnoid Coastal Meadow Marsh type
  34. 34. 34 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #3 Oliphant August 28, 2013 MAMM4-4 Twig rush Coastal Meadow Marsh type
  35. 35. 35 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #4a Oliphant August 28, 2013 Stiff yellow flax population – inclusion MAMM4-4a within MAMM4- 4
  36. 36. 36 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #4b Oliphant August 27, 2013 Stiff yellow flax (Linum medium) within MAMM4-4
  37. 37. 37 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #5 Oliphant August 28, 2013 Disturbed coastal wetland Sandy Bay
  38. 38. 38 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #6 Oliphant August 27, 2013 DeKay’s Brown snake (Storeria dekayi) Within MAMM4-1
  39. 39. 39 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #7 Oliphant August 27, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) habitat Within MAMM4-2 Shrubby cinquefoil Coastal Meadow Marsh Type
  40. 40. 40 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #8 Oliphant August 31, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #1 (SH1) - natural Within MAMM4-2 Shrubby cinquefoil Coastal Meadow Marsh Type near South Oliphant Road
  41. 41. 41 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #9 Oliphant August 31, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #2 (SH2) - natural near South Oliphant Road
  42. 42. 42 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #10 Oliphant August 31, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #3 (SH3) – man made on Bay Street
  43. 43. 43 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #11 Oliphant August 31, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #4 (SH4) – man made on Bay Street
  44. 44. 44 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #12 Oliphant August 31, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #5 (SH5) – man made on Bay Street
  45. 45. 45 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #13 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #6 (SH6) – man made on Bay Street
  46. 46. 46 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #14 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #7 (SH7) – man made on Bay Street
  47. 47. 47 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #15 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #8 (SH8) – man made on Bay Street
  48. 48. 48 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #16 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #9 (SH9) – man made under a rock garden on Bay Street
  49. 49. 49 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #17 Pinehurst Lake September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #10 (SH10) – man made on Bay Street
  50. 50. 50 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #18 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #11 (SH11) – man made on Bay Street
  51. 51. 51 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #19 Oliphant September 24, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #12 (SH12) – natural Bay Street
  52. 52. 52 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #20 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #13 (SH13) – natural At end of Rutherford Point- South Road within Shrubby cinquefoil Coastal Meadow Marsh Type (MAMM4-2)
  53. 53. 53 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #21 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #14 (SH14) – man made On Rutherford Point-South Road
  54. 54. 54 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #22 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #15 (SH15) – man made On Rutherford Point-South Road
  55. 55. 55 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #23 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #16 (SH16) – man made On Rutherford Point-South Road
  56. 56. 56 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #24 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #17 (SH17) – man made On Rutherford Point-South Road
  57. 57. 57 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #25 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #18 (SH18) – man made On Rutherford Point-South Road
  58. 58. 58 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #26 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #19 (SH19) – man made On Rutherford Point-South Road
  59. 59. 59 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #27 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #20 (SH20) – man made On Bay Street
  60. 60. 60 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #28 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #21 (SH21) – man made On Bay Street
  61. 61. 61 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #29 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #22 (SH22) – man made On Bay Street
  62. 62. 62 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #30 Oliphant September 1, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #23 (SH23) – man made On Bay Street
  63. 63. 63 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #31 Oliphant September 24, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #24 (SH24) – man made On Bay Street
  64. 64. 64 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #32 Oliphant September 24, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #25 (SH25) – man made On Bay Street
  65. 65. 65 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #33 Oliphant September 24, 2013 Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Hibernacula #26 (SH26) – man made On Shoreline Avenue
  66. 66. 66 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #34a Oliphant July 27, 2013 Dead Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) Photo by permission from Laurie Rosie On Oliphant Road South
  67. 67. 67 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #34b Oliphant July 27, 2013 Dead Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake (Sisurus catenatus) tail Photo by permission from Laurie Rosie On Oliphant Road South
  68. 68. 68 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Photo #35 Oliphant September 24, 2013 Coniferous swamp (SWC) – candidate Eastern Massasaugarattl esnake Significant Wildlife Habitat On Unassumed Road
  69. 69. 69 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Appendix B SAR and provincially rare records of Flora and Fauna for Oliphant (1 km x 1 km square 17MK75_74) Scientific name Common name S rank COSEWIC MNR Last observed Extirpated Shrubby Cinquefoil Coastal Meadow Marsh Type Shrubby Cinquefoil Coastal Meadow Marsh Type S1 1984-07-25 N Graminoid Coastal Meadow Marsh Type Graminoid Coastal Meadow Marsh Type S2 2002-08-01 N Sensitive Species Sensitive Species 1975 N Spiranthes magnicamporum Great Plains Ladies'- tresses S3? 1975-09-28 N Linum medium var. medium Stiff Yellow Flax S3? 1984-05-01 N Arnoglossum plantagineum Tuberous Indian- plantain S3 SC SC 1997-05-23 N Buteo lineatus Red- shouldered Hawk S4B NAR NAR 1985 N Charadrius melodus Piping Plover S1B END END 2008-06 Y Chlidonias niger Black Tern S3B NAR SC 1991-06-14 N Eleocharis rostellata Beaked Spike-rush S3 1988-07-01 N Chelydra Snapping S3 SC SC 2008-08-12 N
  70. 70. 70 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc serpentina Turtle Thamnophis sauritus Eastern Ribbonsnake S3 SC SC 1988-07-01 N Nannothemis bella Elfin Skimmer S4 1978-06-25 N Cypripedium arietinum Ram's-head Lady's-slipper S3 1984-PRE N Iris lacustris Dwarf Lake Iris S3 SC THR 1874 N Iris lacustris Dwarf Lake Iris S3 SC THR 2003-05 N Scleria verticillata Low Nutrush S3 1984-05-01 N Eleocharis rostellata Beaked Spike-rush S3 N Eleocharis rostellata Beaked Spike-rush S3 1926-08-13 N Sagittaria cristata Crested Arrowhead S3 1975-07-29 N Scleria verticillata Low Nutrush S3 1947-09-01 N Cypripedium arietinum Ram's-head Lady's-slipper S3 1991-PRE N
  71. 71. 71 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc SAR and provincially rare records of Flora and Fauna for Oliphant (1 km x 1 km square 17MK75_75) Scientific name Common name S rank COSEWIC MNR Last observed Extirpated Sensitive Species Sensitive Species 1975 N Arnoglossum plantagineum Tuberous Indian- plantain S3 SC SC 2006-08- 22 N Nannothemis bella Elfin Skimmer S4 1978-06- 25 N Arnoglossum plantagineum Tuberous Indian- plantain S3 SC SC 1997-05- 23 N Linum medium var. medium Stiff Yellow Flax S3? 1984-05- 01 N Spiranthes magnicamporum Great Plains Ladies'- tresses S3? 1975-09- 28 N Cypripedium arietinum Ram's-head Lady's-slipper S3 1991-PRE N Iris lacustris Dwarf Lake Iris S3 SC THR 2003-05 N Scleria verticillata Low Nutrush S3 1947-09- 01 N Eleocharis rostellata Beaked Spike-rush S3 1926-08- 13 N Sagittaria cristata Crested Arrowhead S3 1975-07- 29 N Eleocharis rostellata Beaked Spike-rush S3 1988-07- 01 N Eleocharis rostellata Beaked Spike-rush S3 N Cypripedium arietinum Ram's-head Lady's-slipper S3 1984-PRE N Buteo lineatus Red- shouldered Hawk S4B NAR NAR 1985 N Sensitive Species Sensitive Species 1975 N Cypripedium arietinum Ram's-head Lady's-slipper S3 1984-PRE N Linum medium var. medium Stiff Yellow Flax S3? 1984-05- 01 N
  72. 72. 72 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Nannothemis bella Elfin Skimmer S4 1978-06- 25 N Chelydra serpentina Snapping Turtle S3 SC SC 2008-08- 12 N Buteo lineatus Red- shouldered Hawk S4B NAR NAR 1985 N Linum medium var. medium Stiff Yellow Flax S3? 1984-05- 01 N Linum medium var. medium Stiff Yellow Flax S3? 1984-05- 01 N Spiranthes magnicamporum Great Plains Ladies'- tresses S3? 1975-09- 28 N Eleocharis rostellata Beaked Spike-rush S3 N Eleocharis rostellata Beaked Spike-rush S3 1988-07- 01 N Chlidonias niger Black Tern S3B NAR SC 1991-06- 14 N Eleocharis rostellata Beaked Spike-rush S3 1926-08- 13 N Sagittaria cristata Crested Arrowhead S3 1975-07- 29 N Scleria verticillata Low Nutrush S3 1947-09- 01 N Scleria verticillata Low Nutrush S3 1984-05- 01 N Iris lacustris Dwarf Lake Iris S3 SC THR 1874 N Cypripedium arietinum Ram's-head Lady's-slipper S3 1991-PRE N
  73. 73. 73 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc SAR and provincially rare records of Flora and Fauna for Oliphant (1 km x 1 km square 17MK75_85) Scientific name Common name S rank COSEWIC MNR Last observed Extirpated Sensitive Species Sensitive Species 1975 N Scleria verticillata Low Nutrush S3 1947-09- 01 N Nannothemis bella Elfin Skimmer S4 1978-06- 25 N Buteo lineatus Red-shouldered Hawk S4B NAR NAR 1985 N Arnoglossum plantagineum Tuberous Indian- plantain S3 SC SC 1997-05- 23 N Arnoglossum plantagineum Tuberous Indian- plantain S3 SC SC 2006-08- 22 N Spiranthes magnicamporum Great Plains Ladies'-tresses S3? 1975-09- 28 N Cypripedium arietinum Ram's-head Lady's-slipper S3 1991-PRE N Iris lacustris Dwarf Lake Iris S3 SC THR 2003-05 N Eleocharis rostellata Beaked Spike- rush S3 1988-07- 01 N Eleocharis rostellata Beaked Spike- rush S3 N Sagittaria cristata Crested Arrowhead S3 1926-08- 13 N Asplenium scolopendrium var. americanum Hart's-tongue Fern S3 1975-07- 29 N Cypripedium arietinum Ram's-head Lady's-slipper S3 SC SC 1919-09 Y Sagittaria cristata Crested Arrowhead S3 1984-PRE N
  74. 74. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 74 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc Appendix C Vascular Plant Species List – Oliphant Restoration areas Family name Species name Status Ecology Latin/Common Common/Latin Global COSEWIC MNR Provincial Regional (Ecoregion 6E) Local (Bruce county) ELC Vegetation type Population estimate within vegetation types Comments Asclepiadaceae/ Milkweed Asclepias/Swamp milkweed GNR SNA R5 C5 MAMM4-4 7 Recommended for broad cast seeding Balsaminaceae/Touch- me-not Impatiens capensis/Spotted touch-me-not G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-4 Campanulaceae/ Bellflower Lobelia kalmii/Brook or Kalm's lobelia G5 S5 R4 C5 MAMM4-4 Recommended for broad cast seeding Chenopodiaceae/ Goosefoot Salsola kali var kali/Russian thistle GNRTNR SE5 RE2 MAMM4-4 1 Entering vegetation community from vehicular traffic Compositae/Composite Ambrosia artemisiifolia/Common ragweed G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-4 Arnoglossum plantagineum S3? R1 C1 5 Artemissia campestris spp caudata/Beach wormwood G5T5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-4 Aster lanceolatus/Panicled aster G5T5? S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1, MAMM4-4 ?
  75. 75. 75 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Centarea juncea/Brown knapweed G5 SE5 RE5 CE5 MAMM3-1 Cichorium intybus/Chicory G? SE5 RE5 CE5 MAMM3-1 Eupatorium perferatum/Boneset G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1 Eupatorium maculatum/Spotted joe pyeweed G5TNR S5 R5 C5 MAMM3-1 Euthamia gramnifolia/Grass leaved goldenrod G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1, MAMM4-4 Recommended for broad cast seeding Helenium autumnale/Sneezeweed G5 S5 R5 C4 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1 Recommended for broad cast seeding Solidago asteroides/Upland white aster G5 S5 R4 C3 MAMM3-1 Solidago canadensis/Canada goldenrod G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM3-1 Solidago ohioensis/Ohio goldenrod G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1, MAMM4-4 30+ Recommended for broad cast seeding Solidago gigantae/Tall goldenrod G5 S5 R5 C5 20 Solidago uliginosa/Bog goldenrod G5 S5 R4 C4 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1 Cornaceae/Dogwood Cornus obliqua/Silky dogwood G5 S5 R5 C4 MAMM3-1 Cruciferae/Mustard Diplotaxis tenuifolia/Narrow leaved wall rocket GNR SNA RE5 CE5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1 Erucastrum gallicum/Dog mustard G5 SNA RE5 CE5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1 Cupressaceae/Cedar Thuja occidentalis/Eastern white cedar G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1, MAMM4-4 5 Cyperaceae/Sedge Carex viridula/Greenish sedge G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1
  76. 76. 76 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Eleocharis elliptica/Elliptic spike rush G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1 Scirpus americana/Three square G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1 Recommended for broad cast seeding Scirpus effusus/Soft rush G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM3-1 Rynchospora capillacea/Fen beakrush G4 S4? R3 C1 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1 Equisetaceae/Horsetail Equisetum variegatum/Variegated horsetail G5 S5 R5 C4 MAMM3-1 Gentianaceae/Gentian Gentianopsis vigata/Fringed gentian G? S5 R3 C3 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1 Recommended for broad cast seeding Gramineae/Grass Agrostis scabra/Tickle grass G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1 Panicum virgatum/Switch grass G5T? S5 R5 C5 MAMM3-1 Phalaris arundinacea/Reed canary grass G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1 Phragmites australis/Common reed G? SE5 RE5 CE5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1, MAMM4-4 More spraying required to control spread Sorghastrum nutans/Indian grass G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM3-1 Guttiferae/St. Johnswort Hypericum kalmii/Kalm's St. Johnswort G4 S4 R2 C3 MAMM3-1 Triadenum fraseri/Marsh St. Johnswort G5 S5 R3 C3 MAMM4-1 Haloragaceae/Water milfoil Proserpinaca palustris/Mermaid weed G5 S4 R2 C3 MAMM4-1 Juncaginaceae/ Arrowgrass Triglochin maritimus/Greater arrowgrass G5 S5 R1 C2 MAMM4-1
  77. 77. 77 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Triglochin palustre/Slender or Lesser arrowgrass G5 S5 R1 C3 MAMM3-1 Juncaceae/Rush Cladium mariscoides/Twig rush G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1 Recommended for broad cast seeding Juncus alpinoarticulatus/Alpine or Richardson rush G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1 Recommended for broad cast seeding Juncus balticus/Baltic rush G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1 Recommended for broad cast seeding Juncus canadensis/Canadian rush G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1 Recommended for broad cast seeding Juncus nodosus/Knotted rush G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1 Labiatae/Mint Calamintha arkansana/Low calla mint G5 S4S5 R1 C2 MAMM3-1 Lycopus americanus/Cut- leaved water horehound G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM3-1, MAMM4-1 Recommended for broad cast seeding Mentha aquatica/Field mint G? SE4 RE3 CE2 MAMM3-1 Prunella vulgaris/Heall all G5 SE5 RE5 CE5 MAMM3-1 Leguminosae/Bean/Pea/ Legume Lotus corniculatus/Birdfoot trefoil G5 SE5 RE5 CE5 MAMM3-1 Viccia cracca/Purple cow vetch G5 SE5 RE5 CE5 MAMM3-1 Liliaceae/Lily Tofeldia glutinosa/Sticky false tofeldia G5 S4? R3 C4 MAMM4-4, MAMM3-1 Recommended for broad cast seeding Linaceae/Flax Linum medium/Stiff yellow flax G5T3T4 S3? R1 C1 MAMM4-4 89 stems per 1 m x 1 m 14 records for project
  78. 78. 78 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Lythraceae/Loosestrife Lysimachia quadriflora/Prairie loosestrife G5? S4 R4 C4 MAMM3-1 Lythra salicaria/Purple loosestrife G5 SNA RE5 CE5 MAMM4-4 Onagraceae/Evening Primrose Epilobium ciliatum/Hairy willowherb G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM3-1 Oenothera biennis x parviflora/Common x Small G? S5 R5 C5 MAMM3-1 Orchidaceae/Orchid Spiranthes romanzoffiana/Hooded ladies tresses G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1, MAMM4-4 Primulaceae/Primrose Primula mistassinacea/Bird's eye primrose G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-1, MAMM3-1 Ranunculaceae/ Buttercup Thalictrum dioicum/Early meadow rue G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM3-1 Rosaceae/Rose Potentilla anserina/Silverweed G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-4 Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda/Shrubby cinquefoil G5T5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-4, MAMM3-1 Recommended for broad cast seeding Rubiaceae/Madder/ Bedstraw Gallium palustre/Marsh bedstraw G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM3-1 Saxifragaceae/Saxifrage Parnassus glauca/Grass of parnassus G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-4 Recommended for broad cast seeding Saliaceae/Willow Populus balsamifera/Balsam poplar G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM3-1 Salix eriocephalus/Heart- leaved willow G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM3-1 Scrophulariaceae/ Figwort Agalinis paupercula/Slender gerardia or Purple agalinis G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-4, MAMM3-1 Recommended for broad cast seeding
  79. 79. 79 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Veronica anagallis- aquatica/Water speedwell G5 SNA RE4 CE5 MAMM3-1 Solanaceae/Tomatoe/ Nightshade Solanum dulcamara/Climbing bittersweet GNR SNA RE5 CE5 MAMM3-1, MAMM4-4 Umbelliferae/Carrot/ Parsley Cicuta maculata/Water parsnip G5 S5 R5 C5 MAMM4-4 Global ranks MNR/NHIC ranks G5 = globally very common with > 1000 records, occurrences or populations S5, SE5 (Introduced) = provincially very common with > 1000 records, occurrences or populations within Ontario G5T5 = globally common with 101 – 1000 records, occurrences or populations S4, SE4 (Introduced) = provincially common with 101 – 1000 records, occurrences or populations within Ontario G4 = globally common with 101 – 1000 records, occurrences or populations S3 = provincially rare with 21 – 100 records, occurrences or populations within Ontario GNR = globally not at risk S2 = provincially very rare with 6 – 20 records, occurrences or populations within Ontario G? = global status unknown S1 = provincially extremely rare with 1 – 5 records, occurrences or populations within Ontario SNA = provincially not at risk Regional ranks (Source: EARTHQUEST Plants of Ontario database, 2013) County Ranks (Source: EARTHQUEST Plants of Ontario database, 2013) R-rank (County rank) - A rank assigned by EARTHQUEST to a species, vegetation community, or habitat patch C-rank (County rank) - A rank assigned by EARTHQUEST to a species, vegetation community, or habitat patch which describes its status in the ecoregion. Species of conservation concern, according to the EARTHQUEST which describes its status in the county. Species of conservation concern, according to the EARTHQUEST methodology are any species with a local rank of C1 to C3. C1 – locally methodology are any species with a local rank of R1 to R3. R1 – regionally extremely rare; R2 – regionally very rare; extremely rare; C2 – locally very rare; C3 – locally rare (from EARTHQUEST Plants of Ontario database) R3 – regionally rare (from EARTHQUEST Plants of Ontario database) R5, RE5 (Introduced) = Very common within Ecoregions 6E or 7E with > 1000 records, occurrences or populations C5, CE5 (Introduced) = Very common with > 1000 records, occurrences or populations within the county R4, RE4 (Introduced) = Common within Ecoregions 6E or 7E with 101 – 1000 records, occurrences or populations C4, CE4 (Introduced) = Common with 101 – 1000 records, occurrences or populations within the county R3, RE3 (Introduced) = Rare within Ecoregions 6E or 7E with 21 – 100 records, occurrences or populations C3, CE3 (Introdcued) = Rare with 21 - 100 records, occurrences or populations within the county R2 = Very rare within Ecoregions 6E or 7E with 6 - 20 records, occurrences or populations C2, CE2 (Introduced) = Very rare with 6 - 20 records, occurrences or populations within the county R1 = Extremely rare within Ecoregions 6E or 7E with 1 – 5 records, occurrences or populations C1 – Extremely rare with 1 – 5 records, occurrences or populations within the county
  80. 80. Oliphant Eastern Massassauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 80 Oliphant Massasauga report.doc Appendix D Reptile Species List Family name Species name Status Ecology Date Observer Latin/Common Common/Latin Global COSEWIC MNR Provincial ELC vegetation type/Snake hibernacula (SH) Colubridae/Snake Storeria dekayi/DeKay's brown snake G5 NAR NAR S5 MAMM4-1 27/8/2013, 23/09/2013 DJ, BA Thamnophis sirtalis/Eastern garter snake G5T5 S4? MAMM4-2, SH15 26/9/2013, 27/9/2013, 23/9/2013 DJ Ranidae/True frog Rana pipiens/Northern leopard frog G5 NAR NAR S5 MAMM3-1, MAMM4-4, MAMM4-1 23/09/2013 DJ Global ranks G5 = globally very common with > 1000 records, occurrences or populations MNR/NHIC/COSEWIC ranks S5 = provincially very common with > 1000 records, occurrences or populations within Ontario S4 = provincially common with 21 – 1000 records, occurrences or populations within Ontario NAR = not at risk
  81. 81. 81 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Appendix E Bird Species List Family name Species name Status Ecology Date Latin/Common Common/Latin Global COSEWIC MNR Provincial ELC vegetation type/Snake hibernacul a (SH) Ardeaidae/Heron Adrea alba/Great egret G5 S2B Flew adjacent to MAMM4-4 & MAMM4-4a within 24 m 23/09/2013 Cathartidae/Vulture Cathartes aura/Turkey vulture G5 S5B 26/8/2013, 27/8/2013 Columbidae/Dove Zenaida macroura/Mourning dove G5 S5 23/09/2013 Corvidae/Crow & Jay Corvus brachyrhynchos/American crow G5 S5B 26/8/2013, 27/8/2013, 23/9/2013 Corvus corax/Common raven G5 S5 27/08/2013 Emberizidae/Sparrow Spizella melodia/Song sparrow G5 S5B 24/09/2013 Pooecetes gramineus/Vesper sparrow G5 S4B MAMM3-1 24/09/2013 Icteridae/Blackbird Sternella magna/Eastern meadowlark G5 THR THR S4B 23/09/2013
  82. 82. 82 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Laridae/Gull & Tern Larus argentatus/Herring gull G5 S5B, S5N 28/08/2013 Larus delawarensis/Ring billed gull G5 S5B, S4N 26/8/2013, 27/8/2013, 28/8/2013, 31/8/2013, 1/9/2013, 23/9/2013, 24/9/2013 Pandionidae/Osprey Pandion halieatus/Osprey G5 S5B 27/08/2013 Scolopacidae/Shorebird Gallinago delicata/Wilson's snipe G5 S5B MAMM4-1 27/08/2013 Turdidae/Thrush Turdus migratorius/American robin G5 S5B 23/09/2013
  83. 83. 83 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Appendix F ELC Field data sheets; rapid assessment MAMM3-1 ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM3-1 PLANT DATE: August 27, 2013 SPECIES LIST SURVEYORS: DJ, KA LAYERS: 1 = CANOPY 2 = SUB-CANOPY 3 = UNDERSTORY 4 = GROUND (GRD.) LAYER ABUNDANCE CODES: R = RARE O = OCCASIONAL A = ABUNDANT D = DOMINANT SPECIES LAYER COL. SPECIES LAYER COL. CODE 1 2 3 4 CODE 1 2 3 4 JUNARTI D PANVIRG O SOLOHIO O LYSQUAD R EUPPERF R VERANAG R EUTGRAM R MENAQUA R PHAAUST R THUOCCI R ASCINCA R DASFRUT R EUPMACU R COROBLI R SORNUTA R JUNCANA R LYCAMER R CLAMARI R SPIROMA R JUNBALT R POTANSE O CALMARI R CALARKA R LOBKALM R CARVIRI R EQUVARI R
  84. 84. 84 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Page _1__ of _1__
  85. 85. 85 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM3-1 STAND DATE: August 27, 2013 CHARACTERISTICS SURVEYORS: DJ, KA TREE TALLY BY SPECIES: PRISM FACTOR 2x SPECIES TALLY 1 TALLY 2 TALLY 3 TALLY 4 TOTAL REL. AVG. TOTAL BASAL AREA (BA) DEAD STAND COMPOSITION: COMMUNITY PROFILE DIAGRAM: 90 H (m) 60 30 100 m Notes: Ground cover contains pockets Sphagnum moss with greater plant diversity
  86. 86. 86 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Distance (m) ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM3-1 SOILS ONTARIO DATE: September 23, 2013 SURVEYORS: DJ SLOPE: UTM P/A PP Dr Position Aspect % Type Class Z EASTING NORTHING 1 A 2 1 6 270 1% S 2 17 477916 4955155 2 3 4 5 SOIL 1 2 3 4 5 TEXTURE X HORIZON A TEXTURE N/A COURSE FRAGMENTS B TEXTURE N/A COURSE FRAGMENTS C TEXTURE fS COURSE FRAGMENTS EFFECTIVE TEXTURE fS SURFACE STONINESS 0 SURFACE ROCKINESS 0 DEPTH TO/OF MOTTLES None GLEY None BEDROCK 0 cm WATER TABLE > 120 cm
  87. 87. 87 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc CARBONATES 0 cm ORGANICS N/A PORE SIZE DISC #1 N/A PORE SIZE DISC #2 N/A MOISTURE REGIME SOIL SURVEY MAP LEGEND CLASS
  88. 88. 88 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM3-1 DATE: August 27, 2013 WILDLIFE SURVEYORS: DJ, KA START TIME: 0915 END TIME: 1600 TEMP (ºC): 25 CLOUD (10th): 8/10 WIND: 1 PRECIPITATION: NIL CONDITIONS: mild, partially sunny POTENTIAL WILDLIFE HABITAT: VERNAL POOLS SNAGS HIBERNACULA FALLEN LOGS SPECIES LIST: TY SP. CODE EV NOTES # TY SP. CODE EV NOTES # B WISN OB 2 B CATE OB 1 H N. leopard frog OB 3 FAUNAL TYPE CODES (TY): B = BIRD M = MAMMAL H = HERPETOFAUNA L = LEPIDOPTERA F = FISH O = OTHER EVIDENCE CODES (EV): BREEDING BIRD - POSSIBLE: SH = SUITABLE HABITAT SM = SINGING MALE BREEDING BIRD - PROBABLE: T = TERRITORY D = DISPLAY P = PAIR A = ANXIETY BEHAVIOUR N = NEST BUILDING V = VISITING NEST BREEDING BIRD - CONFIRMED: DD = DISTRACTION NU = USED NEST FY = FLEDGED YOUNG NE = EGGS NY = YOUNG FS = FOOD/FECAL SACK AE = NEST ENTRY OTHER WILDLIFE EVIDENCE: OB = OBSERVED VO = VOCALIZATION CA = CARCASS DP = DISTINCTIVE PARTS HO = HOUSE/DEN FY = EGGS/YOUNG TK = TRACKS FE = FEEDING EVIDENCE SC = SCAT
  89. 89. 89 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc SI = OTHER SIGNS (specify) Page _1__ of _1__
  90. 90. 90 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM3-1 COMMUNITY SURVEYORS: DJ, KA DATE: August 27, 2013 TIME: start 0915 DESCRIPTION & end 1000 CLASSIFICATION UTMZ:17 UTME: 477916 UTMN: 4955155 POLYGON DESCRIPTION: TOPOGRAPHIC PLANT SYSTEM SUBSTRATE FEATURE HISTORY FORM COMMUNITY Terrestrial Organic Lacustrine Natural Plakton Lake Wetland Mineral Soil Riverine Cultural Submerged Pond Aquatic Parent Mat'l Bottomland Floating-LVD River Acidic Bedrock Terrace Graminoid Stream Basic Bedrock Valley Slope Forb Marsh Carb. Bedrock Tableland Lichen Swamp Roll Upland Bryophyte Fen Cliff Deciduous Bog Talus Coniferous Barren Crevice/Cave Mixed Meadow SITE: Alvar Prairie Rockland COVER: Thicket Open Water Beach/Bar Savannah Shallow Water Sand Dune Open Woodland Surficial Dep Bluff Shrub Forest Bedrock Treed Plantation STAND DESCRIPTION: SPECIES IN ORDER OF DECREASING DOMINANCE (up to 4 sp) LAYER HT CVR (>> Much greater than; > Greater than; = About equal to) 1 Canopy 2 Sub-Canopy 3 Understory 4 Grd. Layer HT CODES: 1= >= 25m; 2= 10 - <25m; 3= 2 - <10m; 4= 1 - <2m; 5= 0.5 - <1m; 6= 0.2 - <0.5m; 7= <0.2m CVR CODES: 0 = None; 1 = >0 - 10%; 2 = >10 - 25%; 3 = >25 - 50%; 4 = >50% STAND COMPOSITION: N/A BA: N/A SIZE CLASS ANALYSIS: < 10 10 - 24 25 - 50 > 50 STANDING SNAGS: < 10 10 - 24 25 - 50 > 50 DEADFALL / LOGS: < 10 10 - 24 25 - 50 > 50 ABUNDANCE CODES: N = NONE R = RARE O = OCCASIONAL A = ABUNDANT COMMUNITY AGE: X PIONEER YOUNG MID-AGE OLD GRWTH SOIL ANALYSIS:
  91. 91. 91 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc TEXTURE: DEPTH TO MOTTLES/GLEY: g = N/A G = N/A MOISTURE: DEPTH OF ORGANICS: N/A (cm) HOMOGENOUS DEPTH TO BEDROCK: 0 (cm) COMMUNITY CLASSIFICATION: ELC CODE COMMUNITY CLASS: Meadow MA COMMUNITY SERIES: Meadow marsh MAM ECOSITE: Mixed Mineral Meadow Marsh Ecosite MAMM3 VEGETATION TYPE: Mixed Mineral Meadow Marsh Type MAMM3-1 INCLUSION: COMPLEX: Notes: Upland community
  92. 92. 92 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc MAMM4-4 ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM4-4 PLANT DATE: August 28, 2013 SPECIES LIST SURVEYORS: DJ, KA LAYERS: 1 = CANOPY 2 = SUB-CANOPY 3 = UNDERSTORY 4 = GROUND (GRD.) LAYER ABUNDANCE CODES: R = RARE O = OCCASIONAL A = ABUNDANT D = DOMINANT SPECIES LAYER COL. SPECIES LAYER COL. CODE 1 2 3 4 CODE 1 2 3 4 PHRAUST R CLAMARI O SOLOHIO R JUNCANA R AGRSCAB D PANVIRG R HELAUTU R LOBKALM R SALKALI R GENVIGA R POTANSE R LINMEDI O SPIRAMO R DIPTENU R JUNBALT R
  93. 93. 93 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Page _1__ of __1_
  94. 94. 94 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM4-4 STAND DATE: August 28, 2013 CHARACTERISTICS SURVEYORS: DJ, KA TREE TALLY BY SPECIES: PRISM FACTOR 2x SPECIES TALLY 1 TALLY 2 TALLY 3 TALLY 4 TOTAL REL. AVG. TOTAL BASAL AREA (BA) DEAD STAND COMPOSITION: COMMUNITY PROFILE DIAGRAM: 90 H (m) 60 30 100 m Notes: Polygon is a rare vegetation community due to presence of Stiff yellow flax Distance (m)
  95. 95. 95 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM4-4 SOILS ONTARIO DATE: September 23, 2013 SURVEYORS: DJ SLOPE: UTM P/A PP Dr Position Aspect % Type Class Z EASTING NORTHING 1 A 2 4 3 280 1% S 2 17 476702 4954019 2 3 4 5 SOIL 1 2 3 4 5 TEXTURE X HORIZON A TEXTURE N/A COURSE FRAGMENTS B TEXTURE N/A COURSE FRAGMENTS C TEXTURE fS COURSE FRAGMENTS EFFECTIVE TEXTURE fS SURFACE STONINESS 0 SURFACE ROCKINESS 0 DEPTH TO/OF MOTTLES 22 cm GLEY None BEDROCK 27 cm WATER TABLE 1 cm CARBONATES 22 cm
  96. 96. 96 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc ORGANICS N/A PORE SIZE DISC #1 N/A PORE SIZE DISC #2 N/A MOISTURE REGIME 5 SOIL SURVEY MAP LEGEND CLASS
  97. 97. 97 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM4-4 DATE: August 28, 2013 WILDLIFE SURVEYORS: DJ, KA START TIME: 1800 END TIME: 1830 TEMP (ºC): 30 CLOUD (10th): 7/10 WIND: 2 PRECIPITATION: NIL CONDITIONS: warm, partially cloudy POTENTIAL WILDLIFE HABITAT: VERNAL POOLS SNAGS HIBERNACULA FALLEN LOGS SPECIES LIST: TY SP. CODE EV NOTES # TY SP. CODE EV NOTES # B RBGU OB 1 B OSPR VO 1 H N. leopard frog OB 1 FAUNAL TYPE CODES (TY): B = BIRD M = MAMMAL H = HERPETOFAUNA L = LEPIDOPTERA F = FISH O = OTHER EVIDENCE CODES (EV): BREEDING BIRD - POSSIBLE: SH = SUITABLE HABITAT SM = SINGING MALE BREEDING BIRD - PROBABLE: T = TERRITORY D = DISPLAY P = PAIR A = ANXIETY BEHAVIOUR N = NEST BUILDING V = VISITING NEST BREEDING BIRD - CONFIRMED: DD = DISTRACTION NU = USED NEST FY = FLEDGED YOUNG NE = EGGS NY = YOUNG FS = FOOD/FECAL SACK AE = NEST ENTRY OTHER WILDLIFE EVIDENCE:
  98. 98. 98 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc OB = OBSERVED VO = VOCALIZATION CA = CARCASS DP = DISTINCTIVE PARTS HO = HOUSE/DEN FY = EGGS/YOUNG TK = TRACKS FE = FEEDING EVIDENCE SC = SCAT SI = OTHER SIGNS (specify) Page _1__ of __1_
  99. 99. 99 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM4-4 COMMUNITY SURVEYORS: DJ, KA DATE: 28/8/2013 TIME: start 1300 DESCRIPTION & end 1340 CLASSIFICATION UTMZ: 17 UTME:476702 UTMN: 4954019 POLYGON DESCRIPTION: TOPOGRAPHIC PLANT SYSTEM SUBSTRATE FEATURE HISTORY FORM COMMUNITY Terrestrial Organic Lacustrine Natural Plakton Lake Wetland Mineral Soil Riverine Cultural Submerged Pond Aquatic Parent Mat'l Bottomland Floating-LVD River Acidic Bedrock Terrace Graminoid Stream Basic Bedrock Valley Slope Forb Marsh Carb. Bedrock Tableland Lichen Swamp Roll Upland Bryophyte Fen Cliff Deciduous Bog Talus Coniferous Barren Crevice/Cave Mixed Meadow SITE: Alvar Prairie Rockland COVER: Thicket Open Water Beach/Bar Savannah Shallow Water Sand Dune Open Woodland Surficial Dep Bluff Shrub Forest Bedrock Treed Plantation STAND DESCRIPTION: SPECIES IN ORDER OF DECREASING DOMINANCE (up to 4 sp) LAYER HT CVR (>> Much greater than; > Greater than; = About equal to) 1 Canopy 2 Sub-Canopy 3 Understory 4 Grd. Layer HT CODES: 1= >= 25m; 2= 10 - <25m; 3= 2 - <10m; 4= 1 - <2m; 5= 0.5 - <1m; 6= 0.2 - <0.5m; 7= <0.2m CVR CODES: 0 = None; 1 = >0 - 10%; 2 = >10 - 25%; 3 = >25 - 50%; 4 = >50% STAND COMPOSITION: BA: SIZE CLASS ANALYSIS: < 10 10 - 24 25 - 50 > 50 STANDING SNAGS: < 10 10 - 24 25 - 50 > 50 DEADFALL / LOGS:
  100. 100. 100 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc < 10 10 - 24 25 - 50 > 50 ABUNDANCE CODES: N = NONE R = RARE O = OCCASIONAL A = ABUNDANT COMMUNITY AGE: x PIONEER YOUNG MID-AGE OLD GRWTH SOIL ANALYSIS: TEXTURE: fS DEPTH TO MOTTLES/GLEY: g = 27 G = N/A MOISTURE: 5 DEPTH OF ORGANICS: NIL (cm) VARIABLE DEPTH TO BEDROCK: 27 (cm) COMMUNITY CLASSIFICATION: ELC CODE COMMUNITY CLASS: Meadow MA COMMUNITY SERIES: Meadow Marsh MAM ECOSITE: Great Lakes Coastal Meadow Marsh Ecosite MAMM4 VEGETATION TYPE: Twig rush Coastal Meadow Marsh type MAMM4-4 INCLUSION: Stiff yellow flax vegetation type MAMM4-4a COMPLEX: Notes:
  101. 101. 101 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc MAMM4-1 ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM4-1 PLANT DATE: August 28, 2013 SPECIES LIST SURVEYORS: DJ LAYERS: 1 = CANOPY 2 = SUB-CANOPY 3 = UNDERSTORY 4 = GROUND (GRD.) LAYER ABUNDANCE CODES: R = RARE O = OCCASIONAL A = ABUNDANT D = DOMINANT SPECIES LAYER COL. SPECIES LAYER COL. CODE 1 2 3 4 CODE 1 2 3 4 JUNALPI D HELAUTU R SCIAMER O AGRSCAB R SOLOHIO R EUTGRAM R LYTSALI R CLAMARI R LOBKALM R ELEELLI O PARGLAU R TOFGLUT R SPIROMA R TRIMARI R LYCAMER R
  102. 102. 102 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Page _1__ of __1_
  103. 103. 103 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM4-1 STAND DATE: August 28, 2013 CHARACTERISTICS SURVEYORS: DJ, KA TREE TALLY BY SPECIES: PRISM FACTOR 2x SPECIES TALLY 1 TALLY 2 TALLY 3 TALLY 4 TOTAL REL. AVG. TOTAL BASAL AREA (BA) DEAD STAND COMPOSITION: COMMUNITY PROFILE DIAGRAM: 90 H (m) 60 30 100 m Notes: Good habitat for DeKay's brown snake
  104. 104. 104 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc Distance (m)
  105. 105. 105 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM4-1 SOILS ONTARIO DATE: September 23, 2013 SURVEYORS: DJ SLOPE: UTM P/A PP Dr Position Aspect % Type Class Z EASTING NORTHING 1 A 2 1 4 270 1% S 2 17 477937 4955188 2 3 4 5 SOIL 1 2 3 4 5 TEXTURE X HORIZON A TEXTURE N/A COURSE FRAGMENTS B TEXTURE N/A COURSE FRAGMENTS C TEXTURE fS COURSE FRAGMENTS EFFECTIVE TEXTURE fS SURFACE STONINESS 0 SURFACE ROCKINESS 0 DEPTH TO/OF MOTTLES None GLEY None BEDROCK 0 cm WATER TABLE 1 cm CARBONATES 0 cm ORGANICS N/A PORE SIZE DISC #1 N/A PORE SIZE DISC #2 N/A MOISTURE REGIME
  106. 106. 106 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc SOIL SURVEY MAP LEGEND CLASS
  107. 107. 107 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM4-1 DATE: August 28, 2013 WILDLIFE SURVEYORS: DJ START TIME: 1700 END TIME: 1730 TEMP (ºC): 30 CLOUD (10th): 7/10 WIND: 2 PRECIPITATION: NIL CONDITIONS: warm, partially cloudy POTENTIAL WILDLIFE HABITAT: VERNAL POOLS SNAGS HIBERNACULA FALLEN LOGS SPECIES LIST: TY SP. CODE EV NOTES # TY SP. CODE EV NOTES # H N Leopard OB 4 H DeKay’s snake OB 1 FAUNAL TYPE CODES (TY): B = BIRD M = MAMMAL H = HERPETOFAUNA L = LEPIDOPTERA F = FISH O = OTHER EVIDENCE CODES (EV): BREEDING BIRD - POSSIBLE: SH = SUITABLE HABITAT SM = SINGING MALE BREEDING BIRD - PROBABLE: T = TERRITORY D = DISPLAY P = PAIR A = ANXIETY BEHAVIOUR N = NEST BUILDING V = VISITING NEST BREEDING BIRD - CONFIRMED: DD = DISTRACTION NU = USED NEST FY = FLEDGED YOUNG NE = EGGS NY = YOUNG FS = FOOD/FECAL SACK AE = NEST ENTRY OTHER WILDLIFE EVIDENCE: OB = OBSERVED VO = VOCALIZATION CA = CARCASS DP = DISTINCTIVE PARTS HO = HOUSE/DEN FY = EGGS/YOUNG TK = TRACKS FE = FEEDING EVIDENCE SC = SCAT
  108. 108. 108 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc SI = OTHER SIGNS (specify) Page _1__ of __1_
  109. 109. 109 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc ELC SITE: Oliphant POLYGON: MAMM4-1 COMMUNITY SURVEYORS: DJ DATE: 28/8/13 TIME: start 1700 DESCRIPTION & end 1730 CLASSIFICATION UTMZ: 17 UTME:477937 UTMN: 4955188 POLYGON DESCRIPTION: TOPOGRAPHIC PLANT SYSTEM SUBSTRATE FEATURE HISTORY FORM COMMUNITY Terrestrial Organic Lacustrine Natural Plakton Lake Wetland Mineral Soil Riverine Cultural Submerged Pond Aquatic Parent Mat'l Bottomland Floating-LVD River Acidic Bedrock Terrace Graminoid Stream Basic Bedrock Valley Slope Forb Marsh Carb. Bedrock Tableland Lichen Swamp Roll Upland Bryophyte Fen Cliff Deciduous Bog Talus Coniferous Barren Crevice/Cave Mixed Meadow SITE: Alvar Prairie Rockland COVER: Thicket Open Water Beach/Bar Savannah Shallow Water Sand Dune Open Woodland Surficial Dep Bluff Shrub Forest Bedrock Treed Plantation STAND DESCRIPTION: SPECIES IN ORDER OF DECREASING DOMINANCE (up to 4 sp) LAYER HT CVR (>> Much greater than; > Greater than; = About equal to) 1 Canopy 2 Sub-Canopy 3 Understory 4 Grd. Layer HT CODES: 1= >= 25m; 2= 10 - <25m; 3= 2 - <10m; 4= 1 - <2m; 5= 0.5 - <1m; 6= 0.2 - <0.5m; 7= <0.2m CVR CODES: 0 = None; 1 = >0 - 10%; 2 = >10 - 25%; 3 = >25 - 50%; 4 = >50% STAND COMPOSITION: BA: N/A SIZE CLASS ANALYSIS: < 10 10 - 24 25 - 50 > 50 STANDING SNAGS: < 10 10 - 24 25 - 50 > 50 DEADFALL / LOGS: < 10 10 - 24 25 - 50 > 50 ABUNDANCE CODES: N = NONE R = RARE O = OCCASIONAL A = ABUNDANT
  110. 110. 110 Oliphant Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake habitat restoration and assessment - October, 2013 Oliphant, Massasaugareport.doc COMMUNITY AGE: X PIONEER YOUNG MID-AGE OLD GRWTH SOIL ANALYSIS: TEXTURE: DEPTH TO MOTTLES/GLEY: g = N/A G = N/A MOISTURE: DEPTH OF ORGANICS: NIL (cm) HOMOGENOUS DEPTH TO BEDROCK: 0 (cm) COMMUNITY CLASSIFICATION: ELC CODE COMMUNITY CLASS: Marsh MA COMMUNITY SERIES: Meadow marsh MAM ECOSITE: Great Lakes Coastal Meadow Marsh Ecosite MAMM4 VEGETATION TYPE: Gramnoid Coastal Meadow Marsh type MAMM4-1 INCLUSION: COMPLEX: Notes:

Views

Total views

314

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

6

Actions

Downloads

2

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

0

×